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Amazon Simple Storage Service
Developer Guide (API Version 2006-03-01)

Server Access Log Format

The server access log files consist of a sequence of new-line delimited log records. Each log record represents one request and consists of space delimited fields. The following is an example log consisting of six log records.


79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be mybucket [06/Feb/2014:00:00:38 +0000] 192.0.2.3 79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be 3E57427F3EXAMPLE REST.GET.VERSIONING - "GET /mybucket?versioning HTTP/1.1" 200 - 113 - 7 - "-" "S3Console/0.4" -
79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be mybucket [06/Feb/2014:00:00:38 +0000] 192.0.2.3 79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be 891CE47D2EXAMPLE REST.GET.LOGGING_STATUS - "GET /mybucket?logging HTTP/1.1" 200 - 242 - 11 - "-" "S3Console/0.4" -
79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be mybucket [06/Feb/2014:00:00:38 +0000] 192.0.2.3 79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be A1206F460EXAMPLE REST.GET.BUCKETPOLICY - "GET /mybucket?policy HTTP/1.1" 404 NoSuchBucketPolicy 297 - 38 - "-" "S3Console/0.4" -
79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be mybucket [06/Feb/2014:00:01:00 +0000] 192.0.2.3 79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be 7B4A0FABBEXAMPLE REST.GET.VERSIONING - "GET /mybucket?versioning HTTP/1.1" 200 - 113 - 33 - "-" "S3Console/0.4" -
79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be mybucket [06/Feb/2014:00:01:57 +0000] 192.0.2.3 79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be DD6CC733AEXAMPLE REST.PUT.OBJECT s3-dg.pdf "PUT /mybucket/s3-dg.pdf HTTP/1.1" 200 - - 4406583 41754 28 "-" "S3Console/0.4" -
79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be mybucket [06/Feb/2014:00:03:21 +0000] 192.0.2.3 79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be BC3C074D0EXAMPLE REST.GET.VERSIONING - "GET /mybucket?versioning HTTP/1.1" 200 - 113 - 28 - "-" "S3Console/0.4" -

Note

Any field can be set to "-" to indicate that the data was unknown or unavailable, or that the field was not applicable to this request.

The following list describes the log record fields.

Bucket Owner

The canonical user ID of the owner of the source bucket.

Example Entry

79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be
Bucket

The name of the bucket that the request was processed against. If the system receives a malformed request and cannot determine the bucket, the request will not appear in any server access log.

Example Entry

mybucket
Time

The time at which the request was received. The format, using strftime() terminology, is as follows: [%d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S %z]

Example Entry

[06/Feb/2014:00:00:38 +0000]
Remote IP

The apparent Internet address of the requester. Intermediate proxies and firewalls might obscure the actual address of the machine making the request.

Example Entry

192.0.2.3
Requester

The canonical user ID of the requester, or the string "Anonymous" for unauthenticated requests. If the requester was an IAM user, this field will return the requester's IAM user name along with the AWS root account that the IAM user belongs to. This identifier is the same one used for access control purposes.

Example Entry

79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be
Request ID

The request ID is a string generated by Amazon S3 to uniquely identify each request.

Example Entry

3E57427F33A59F07
Operation

The operation listed here is declared as SOAP.operation, REST.HTTP_method.resource_type, WEBSITE.HTTP_method.resource_type, or BATCH.DELETE.OBJECT.

Example Entry

REST.PUT.OBJECT
Key

The "key" part of the request, URL encoded, or "-" if the operation does not take a key parameter.

Example Entry

/photos/2014/08/puppy.jpg
Request-URI

The Request-URI part of the HTTP request message.

Example Entry

"GET /mybucket/photos/2014/08/puppy.jpg?x-foo=bar"
HTTP status

The numeric HTTP status code of the response.

Example Entry

200
Error Code

The Amazon S3 Error Code, or "-" if no error occurred.

Example Entry

NoSuchBucket
Bytes Sent

The number of response bytes sent, excluding HTTP protocol overhead, or "-" if zero.

Example Entry

2662992
Object Size

The total size of the object in question.

Example Entry

3462992
Total Time

The number of milliseconds the request was in flight from the server's perspective. This value is measured from the time your request is received to the time that the last byte of the response is sent. Measurements made from the client's perspective might be longer due to network latency.

Example Entry

70
Turn-Around Time

The number of milliseconds that Amazon S3 spent processing your request. This value is measured from the time the last byte of your request was received until the time the first byte of the response was sent.

Example Entry

10
Referrer

The value of the HTTP Referrer header, if present. HTTP user-agents (e.g. browsers) typically set this header to the URL of the linking or embedding page when making a request.

Example Entry

"http://www.amazon.com/webservices"
User-Agent

The value of the HTTP User-Agent header.

Example Entry

"curl/7.15.1"
Version Id

The version ID in the request, or "-" if the operation does not take a versionId parameter.

Example Entry

3HL4kqtJvjVBH40Nrjfkd

Custom Access Log Information

You can include custom information to be stored in the access log record for a request by adding a custom query-string parameter to the URL for the request. Amazon S3 will ignore query-string parameters that begin with "x-", but will include those parameters in the access log record for the request, as part of the Request-URI field of the log record. For example, a GET request for "s3.amazonaws.com/mybucket/photos/2014/08/puppy.jpg?x-user=johndoe" will work the same as the same request for "s3.amazonaws.com/mybucket/photos/2014/08/puppy.jpg", except that the "x-user=johndoe" string will be included in the Request-URI field for the associated log record. This functionality is available in the REST interface only.

Programming Considerations for Extensible Server Access Log Format

From time to time, we might extend the access log record format by adding new fields to the end of each line. Code that parses server access logs must be written to handle trailing fields that it does not understand.

Additional Logging for Copy Operations

A copy operation involves a GET and a PUT. For that reason, we log two records when performing a copy operation. The previous table describes the fields related to the PUT part of the operation. The following list describes the fields in the record that relate to the GET part of the copy operation.

Bucket Owner

The canonical user ID of the bucket that stores the object being copied.

Example Entry

79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be
Bucket

The name of the bucket that stores the object being copied.

Example Entry

mybucket
Time

The time at which the request was received. The format, using strftime() terminology, is as follows: [%d/%B/%Y:%H:%M:%S %z]

Example Entry

[06/Feb/2014:00:00:38 +0000]
Remote IP

The apparent Internet address of the requester. Intermediate proxies and firewalls might obscure the actual address of the machine making the request.

Example Entry

192.0.2.3
Requester

The canonical user ID of the requester, or the string "Anonymous" for unauthenticated requests. If the requester was an IAM user, this field will return the requester's IAM user name along with the AWS root account that the IAM user belongs to. This identifier is the same one used for access control purposes.

Example Entry

79a59df900b949e55d96a1e698fbacedfd6e09d98eacf8f8d5218e7cd47ef2be
Request ID

The request ID is a string generated by Amazon S3 to uniquely identify each request.

Example Entry

3E57427F33A59F07
Operation

The operation listed here is declared as SOAP.operation, REST.HTTP_method.resource_type, WEBSITE.HTTP_method.resource_type, or BATCH.DELETE.OBJECT.

Example Entry

REST.COPY.OBJECT_GET
Key

The "key" of the object being copied or "-" if the operation does not take a key parameter.

Example Entry

/photos/2014/08/puppy.jpg
Request-URI

The Request-URI part of the HTTP request message.

Example Entry

"GET /mybucket/photos/2014/08/puppy.jpg?x-foo=bar"
HTTP status

The numeric HTTP status code of the GET portion of the copy operation.

Example Entry

200
Error Code

The Amazon S3 Error Code, of the GET portion of the copy operation or "-" if no error occurred.

Example Entry

NoSuchBucket
Bytes Sent

The number of response bytes sent, excluding HTTP protocol overhead, or "-" if zero.

Example Entry

2662992
Object Size

The total size of the object in question.

Example Entry

3462992
Total Time

The number of milliseconds the request was in flight from the server's perspective. This value is measured from the time your request is received to the time that the last byte of the response is sent. Measurements made from the client's perspective might be longer due to network latency.

Example Entry

70
Turn-Around Time

The number of milliseconds that Amazon S3 spent processing your request. This value is measured from the time the last byte of your request was received until the time the first byte of the response was sent.

Example Entry

10
Referrer

The value of the HTTP Referrer header, if present. HTTP user-agents (e.g. browsers) typically set this header to the URL of the linking or embedding page when making a request.

Example Entry

"http://www.amazon.com/webservices"
User-Agent

The value of the HTTP User-Agent header.

Example Entry

"curl/7.15.1"
Version Id

The version ID of the object being copied or "-" if the x-amz-copy-source header didn’t specify a versionId parameter as part of the copy source.

Example Entry

3HL4kqtJvjVBH40Nrjfkd