AWS Data Pipeline
Developer Guide (API Version 2012-10-29)

Using a Pipeline with Resources in Multiple Regions

By default, the Ec2Resource and EmrCluster resources run in the same region as AWS Data Pipeline, however AWS Data Pipeline supports the ability to orchestrate data flows across multiple regions, such as running resources in one region that consolidate input data from another region. By allowing resources to run a specified region, you also have the flexibility to co-locate your resources with their dependent datasets and maximize performance by reducing latencies and avoiding cross-region data transfer charges. You can configure resources to run in a different region than AWS Data Pipeline by using the region field on Ec2Resource and EmrCluster.

The following example pipeline JSON file shows how to run an EmrCluster resource in the EU (Ireland) region, assuming that a large amount of data for the cluster to work on exists in the same region. In this example, the only difference from a typical pipeline is that the EmrCluster has a region field value set to eu-west-1.

{ "objects": [ { "id": "Hourly", "type": "Schedule", "startDateTime": "2014-11-19T07:48:00", "endDateTime": "2014-11-21T07:48:00", "period": "1 hours" }, { "id": "MyCluster", "type": "EmrCluster", "masterInstanceType": "m3.medium", "region": "eu-west-1", "schedule": { "ref": "Hourly" } }, { "id": "MyEmrActivity", "type": "EmrActivity", "schedule": { "ref": "Hourly" }, "runsOn": { "ref": "MyCluster" }, "step": "/home/hadoop/contrib/streaming/hadoop-streaming.jar,-input,s3n://elasticmapreduce/samples/wordcount/input,-output,s3://eu-west-1-bucket/wordcount/output/#{@scheduledStartTime},-mapper,s3n://elasticmapreduce/samples/wordcount/,-reducer,aggregate" } ] }

The following table lists the regions that you can choose and the associated region codes to use in the region field:

Region Name Region Code
US East (N. Virginia) us-east-1
US West (N. California) us-west-1
US West (Oregon) us-west-2
EU (Ireland) eu-west-1
EU (Frankfurt) eu-central-1
Asia Pacific (Singapore) ap-southeast-1
Asia Pacific (Sydney) ap-southeast-2
Asia Pacific (Tokyo) ap-northeast-1
South America (São Paulo) sa-east-1