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AWS SDK for Java
Developer Guide

Using Elastic IP Addresses in Amazon EC2

Allocating an Elastic IP Address

To use an Elastic IP address, you first allocate one to your account, and then associate it with your instance or a network interface.

To allocate an Elastic IP address, call the AmazonEC2Client's allocateAddress method with an AllocateAddressRequest object containing the network type (classic EC2 or VPC).

The returned AllocateAddressResult contains an allocation ID that you can use to associate the address with an instance, by passing the allocation ID and instance ID in a AssociateAddressRequest to the AmazonEC2Client's associateAddress method.

Imports

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import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.AmazonEC2; import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.AmazonEC2ClientBuilder; import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.model.AllocateAddressRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.model.AllocateAddressResult; import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.model.AssociateAddressRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.model.AssociateAddressResult; import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.model.DomainType;

Code

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final AmazonEC2 ec2 = AmazonEC2ClientBuilder.defaultClient(); AllocateAddressRequest allocate_request = new AllocateAddressRequest() .withDomain(DomainType.Vpc); AllocateAddressResult allocate_response = ec2.allocateAddress(allocate_request); String allocation_id = allocate_response.getAllocationId(); AssociateAddressRequest associate_request = new AssociateAddressRequest() .withInstanceId(instance_id) .withAllocationId(allocation_id); AssociateAddressResult associate_response = ec2.associateAddress(associate_request);

See the complete example.

Describing Elastic IP Addresses

To list the Elastic IP addresses assigned to your account, call the AmazonEC2Client's describeAddresses method. It returns a DescribeAddressesResult which you can use to get a list of Address objects that represent the Elastic IP addresses on your account.

Imports

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import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.AmazonEC2; import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.AmazonEC2ClientBuilder; import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.model.Address; import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.model.DescribeAddressesResult;

Code

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final AmazonEC2 ec2 = AmazonEC2ClientBuilder.defaultClient(); DescribeAddressesResult response = ec2.describeAddresses(); for(Address address : response.getAddresses()) { System.out.printf( "Found address with public IP %s, " + "domain %s, " + "allocation id %s " + "and NIC id %s", address.getPublicIp(), address.getDomain(), address.getAllocationId(), address.getNetworkInterfaceId()); }

See the complete example.

Releasing an Elastic IP Address

To release an Elastic IP address, call the AmazonEC2Client's releaseAddress method, passing it a ReleaseAddressRequest containing the allocation ID of the Elastic IP address you want to release.

Imports

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import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.AmazonEC2; import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.AmazonEC2ClientBuilder; import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.model.ReleaseAddressRequest; import com.amazonaws.services.ec2.model.ReleaseAddressResult;

Code

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final AmazonEC2 ec2 = AmazonEC2ClientBuilder.defaultClient(); ReleaseAddressRequest request = new ReleaseAddressRequest() .withAllocationId(alloc_id); ReleaseAddressResult response = ec2.releaseAddress(request);

After you release an Elastic IP address, it is released to the AWS IP address pool and might be unavailable to you afterward. Be sure to update your DNS records and any servers or devices that communicate with the address. If you attempt to release an Elastic IP address that you already released, you'll get an AuthFailure error if the address is already allocated to another AWS account.

If you are using EC2-Classic or a default VPC, then releasing an Elastic IP address automatically disassociates it from any instance that it's associated with. To disassociate an Elastic IP address without releasing it, use the AmazonEC2Client's disassociateAddress method.

If you are using a non-default VPC, you must use disassociateAddress to disassociate the Elastic IP address before you try to release it. Otherwise, Amazon EC2 returns an error (InvalidIPAddress.InUse).

See the complete example.

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