Menu
Amazon Simple Email Service
API Reference (API Version 2010-12-01)

SendEmail

Composes an email message and immediately queues it for sending. In order to send email using the SendEmail operation, your message must meet the following requirements:

  • The message must be sent from a verified email address or domain. If you attempt to send email using a non-verified address or domain, the operation will result in an "Email address not verified" error.

  • If your account is still in the Amazon SES sandbox, you may only send to verified addresses or domains, or to email addresses associated with the Amazon SES Mailbox Simulator. For more information, see Verifying Email Addresses and Domains in the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

  • The total size of the message, including attachments, must be smaller than 10 MB.

  • The message must include at least one recipient email address. The recipient address can be a To: address, a CC: address, or a BCC: address. If a recipient email address is invalid (that is, it is not in the format UserName@[SubDomain.]Domain.TopLevelDomain), the entire message will be rejected, even if the message contains other recipients that are valid.

  • The message may not include more than 50 recipients, across the To:, CC: and BCC: fields. If you need to send an email message to a larger audience, you can divide your recipient list into groups of 50 or fewer, and then call the SendEmail operation several times to send the message to each group.

Important

For every message that you send, the total number of recipients (including each recipient in the To:, CC: and BCC: fields) is counted against the maximum number of emails you can send in a 24-hour period (your sending quota). For more information about sending quotas in Amazon SES, see Managing Your Amazon SES Sending Limits in the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

ConfigurationSetName

The name of the configuration set to use when you send an email using SendEmail.

Type: String

Required: No

Destination

The destination for this email, composed of To:, CC:, and BCC: fields.

Type: Destination object

Required: Yes

Message

The message to be sent.

Type: Message object

Required: Yes

ReplyToAddresses.member.N

The reply-to email address(es) for the message. If the recipient replies to the message, each reply-to address will receive the reply.

Type: Array of strings

Required: No

ReturnPath

The email address that bounces and complaints will be forwarded to when feedback forwarding is enabled. If the message cannot be delivered to the recipient, then an error message will be returned from the recipient's ISP; this message will then be forwarded to the email address specified by the ReturnPath parameter. The ReturnPath parameter is never overwritten. This email address must be either individually verified with Amazon SES, or from a domain that has been verified with Amazon SES.

Type: String

Required: No

ReturnPathArn

This parameter is used only for sending authorization. It is the ARN of the identity that is associated with the sending authorization policy that permits you to use the email address specified in the ReturnPath parameter.

For example, if the owner of example.com (which has ARN arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com) attaches a policy to it that authorizes you to use feedback@example.com, then you would specify the ReturnPathArn to be arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com, and the ReturnPath to be feedback@example.com.

For more information about sending authorization, see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Type: String

Required: No

Source

The email address that is sending the email. This email address must be either individually verified with Amazon SES, or from a domain that has been verified with Amazon SES. For information about verifying identities, see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

If you are sending on behalf of another user and have been permitted to do so by a sending authorization policy, then you must also specify the SourceArn parameter. For more information about sending authorization, see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

In all cases, the email address must be 7-bit ASCII. If the text must contain any other characters, then you must use MIME encoded-word syntax (RFC 2047) instead of a literal string. MIME encoded-word syntax uses the following form: =?charset?encoding?encoded-text?=. For more information, see RFC 2047.

Type: String

Required: Yes

SourceArn

This parameter is used only for sending authorization. It is the ARN of the identity that is associated with the sending authorization policy that permits you to send for the email address specified in the Source parameter.

For example, if the owner of example.com (which has ARN arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com) attaches a policy to it that authorizes you to send from user@example.com, then you would specify the SourceArn to be arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com, and the Source to be user@example.com.

For more information about sending authorization, see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Type: String

Required: No

Tags.member.N

A list of tags, in the form of name/value pairs, to apply to an email that you send using SendEmail. Tags correspond to characteristics of the email that you define, so that you can publish email sending events.

Type: Array of MessageTag objects

Required: No

Response Elements

The following element is returned by the service.

MessageId

The unique message identifier returned from the SendEmail action.

Type: String

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

ConfigurationSetDoesNotExist

Indicates that the configuration set does not exist.

HTTP Status Code: 400

MailFromDomainNotVerified

Indicates that the message could not be sent because Amazon SES could not read the MX record required to use the specified MAIL FROM domain. For information about editing the custom MAIL FROM domain settings for an identity, see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

HTTP Status Code: 400

MessageRejected

Indicates that the action failed, and the message could not be sent. Check the error stack for more information about what caused the error.

HTTP Status Code: 400

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: