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Amazon Simple Email Service
API Reference (API Version 2010-12-01)

SendRawEmail

Composes an email message and immediately queues it for sending. When calling this operation, you may specify the message headers as well as the content. The SendRawEmail operation is particularly useful for sending multipart MIME emails (such as those that contain both a plain-text and an HTML version).

In order to send email using the SendRawEmail operation, your message must meet the following requirements:

  • The message must be sent from a verified email address or domain. If you attempt to send email using a non-verified address or domain, the operation will result in an "Email address not verified" error.

  • If your account is still in the Amazon SES sandbox, you may only send to verified addresses or domains, or to email addresses associated with the Amazon SES Mailbox Simulator. For more information, see Verifying Email Addresses and Domains in the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

  • The total size of the message, including attachments, must be smaller than 10 MB.

  • The message must include at least one recipient email address. The recipient address can be a To: address, a CC: address, or a BCC: address. If a recipient email address is invalid (that is, it is not in the format UserName@[SubDomain.]Domain.TopLevelDomain), the entire message will be rejected, even if the message contains other recipients that are valid.

  • The message may not include more than 50 recipients, across the To:, CC: and BCC: fields. If you need to send an email message to a larger audience, you can divide your recipient list into groups of 50 or fewer, and then call the SendRawEmail operation several times to send the message to each group.

Important

For every message that you send, the total number of recipients (including each recipient in the To:, CC: and BCC: fields) is counted against the maximum number of emails you can send in a 24-hour period (your sending quota). For more information about sending quotas in Amazon SES, see Managing Your Amazon SES Sending Limits in the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Additionally, keep the following considerations in mind when using the SendRawEmail operation:

  • Although you can customize the message headers when using the SendRawEmail operation, Amazon SES will automatically apply its own Message-ID and Date headers; if you passed these headers when creating the message, they will be overwritten by the values that Amazon SES provides.

  • If you are using sending authorization to send on behalf of another user, SendRawEmail enables you to specify the cross-account identity for the email's Source, From, and Return-Path parameters in one of two ways: you can pass optional parameters SourceArn, FromArn, and/or ReturnPathArn to the API, or you can include the following X-headers in the header of your raw email:

    • X-SES-SOURCE-ARN

    • X-SES-FROM-ARN

    • X-SES-RETURN-PATH-ARN

    Important

    Do not include these X-headers in the DKIM signature; Amazon SES will remove them before sending the email.

    For most common sending authorization scenarios, we recommend that you specify the SourceIdentityArn parameter and not the FromIdentityArn or ReturnPathIdentityArn parameters. If you only specify the SourceIdentityArn parameter, Amazon SES will set the From and Return Path addresses to the identity specified in SourceIdentityArn. For more information about sending authorization, see the Using Sending Authorization with Amazon SES in the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

ConfigurationSetName

The name of the configuration set to use when you send an email using SendRawEmail.

Type: String

Required: No

Destinations.member.N

A list of destinations for the message, consisting of To:, CC:, and BCC: addresses.

Type: Array of strings

Required: No

FromArn

This parameter is used only for sending authorization. It is the ARN of the identity that is associated with the sending authorization policy that permits you to specify a particular "From" address in the header of the raw email.

Instead of using this parameter, you can use the X-header X-SES-FROM-ARN in the raw message of the email. If you use both the FromArn parameter and the corresponding X-header, Amazon SES uses the value of the FromArn parameter.

Note

For information about when to use this parameter, see the description of SendRawEmail in this guide, or see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Type: String

Required: No

RawMessage

The raw text of the message. The client is responsible for ensuring the following:

  • Message must contain a header and a body, separated by a blank line.

  • All required header fields must be present.

  • Each part of a multipart MIME message must be formatted properly.

  • MIME content types must be among those supported by Amazon SES. For more information, go to the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

  • Must be base64-encoded.

  • Per RFC 5321, the maximum length of each line of text, including the <CRLF>, must not exceed 1,000 characters.

Type: RawMessage object

Required: Yes

ReturnPathArn

This parameter is used only for sending authorization. It is the ARN of the identity that is associated with the sending authorization policy that permits you to use the email address specified in the ReturnPath parameter.

For example, if the owner of example.com (which has ARN arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com) attaches a policy to it that authorizes you to use feedback@example.com, then you would specify the ReturnPathArn to be arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com, and the ReturnPath to be feedback@example.com.

Instead of using this parameter, you can use the X-header X-SES-RETURN-PATH-ARN in the raw message of the email. If you use both the ReturnPathArn parameter and the corresponding X-header, Amazon SES uses the value of the ReturnPathArn parameter.

Note

For information about when to use this parameter, see the description of SendRawEmail in this guide, or see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Type: String

Required: No

Source

The identity's email address. If you do not provide a value for this parameter, you must specify a "From" address in the raw text of the message. (You can also specify both.)

By default, the string must be 7-bit ASCII. If the text must contain any other characters, then you must use MIME encoded-word syntax (RFC 2047) instead of a literal string. MIME encoded-word syntax uses the following form: =?charset?encoding?encoded-text?=. For more information, see RFC 2047.

Note

If you specify the Source parameter and have feedback forwarding enabled, then bounces and complaints will be sent to this email address. This takes precedence over any Return-Path header that you might include in the raw text of the message.

Type: String

Required: No

SourceArn

This parameter is used only for sending authorization. It is the ARN of the identity that is associated with the sending authorization policy that permits you to send for the email address specified in the Source parameter.

For example, if the owner of example.com (which has ARN arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com) attaches a policy to it that authorizes you to send from user@example.com, then you would specify the SourceArn to be arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com, and the Source to be user@example.com.

Instead of using this parameter, you can use the X-header X-SES-SOURCE-ARN in the raw message of the email. If you use both the SourceArn parameter and the corresponding X-header, Amazon SES uses the value of the SourceArn parameter.

Note

For information about when to use this parameter, see the description of SendRawEmail in this guide, or see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Type: String

Required: No

Tags.member.N

A list of tags, in the form of name/value pairs, to apply to an email that you send using SendRawEmail. Tags correspond to characteristics of the email that you define, so that you can publish email sending events.

Type: Array of MessageTag objects

Required: No

Response Elements

The following element is returned by the service.

MessageId

The unique message identifier returned from the SendRawEmail action.

Type: String

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

ConfigurationSetDoesNotExist

Indicates that the configuration set does not exist.

HTTP Status Code: 400

MailFromDomainNotVerified

Indicates that the message could not be sent because Amazon SES could not read the MX record required to use the specified MAIL FROM domain. For information about editing the custom MAIL FROM domain settings for an identity, see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

HTTP Status Code: 400

MessageRejected

Indicates that the action failed, and the message could not be sent. Check the error stack for more information about what caused the error.

HTTP Status Code: 400

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: