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Amazon Simple Email Service
API Reference (API Version 2010-12-01)

SendRawEmail

Sends an email message, with header and content specified by the client. The SendRawEmail action is useful for sending multipart MIME emails. The raw text of the message must comply with Internet email standards; otherwise, the message cannot be sent.

There are several important points to know about SendRawEmail:

  • You can only send email from verified email addresses and domains; otherwise, you will get an "Email address not verified" error. If your account is still in the Amazon SES sandbox, you must also verify every recipient email address except for the recipients provided by the Amazon SES mailbox simulator. For more information, go to the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

  • The total size of the message cannot exceed 10 MB. This includes any attachments that are part of the message.

  • Amazon SES has a limit on the total number of recipients per message. The combined number of To:, CC: and BCC: email addresses cannot exceed 50. If you need to send an email message to a larger audience, you can divide your recipient list into groups of 50 or fewer, and then call Amazon SES repeatedly to send the message to each group.

  • The To:, CC:, and BCC: headers in the raw message can contain a group list. Note that each recipient in a group list counts towards the 50-recipient limit.

  • For every message that you send, the total number of recipients (To:, CC: and BCC:) is counted against your sending quota - the maximum number of emails you can send in a 24-hour period. For information about your sending quota, go to the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

  • If you are using sending authorization to send on behalf of another user, SendRawEmail enables you to specify the cross-account identity for the email's "Source," "From," and "Return-Path" parameters in one of two ways: you can pass optional parameters SourceArn, FromArn, and/or ReturnPathArn to the API, or you can include the following X-headers in the header of your raw email:

    • X-SES-SOURCE-ARN

    • X-SES-FROM-ARN

    • X-SES-RETURN-PATH-ARN

    Important

    Do not include these X-headers in the DKIM signature, because they are removed by Amazon SES before sending the email.

    For the most common sending authorization use case, we recommend that you specify the SourceIdentityArn and do not specify either the FromIdentityArn or ReturnPathIdentityArn. (The same note applies to the corresponding X-headers.) If you only specify the SourceIdentityArn, Amazon SES will simply set the "From" address and the "Return Path" address to the identity specified in SourceIdentityArn. For more information about sending authorization, see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

Destinations.member.N

A list of destinations for the message, consisting of To:, CC:, and BCC: addresses.

Type: array of Strings

Required: No

FromArn

This parameter is used only for sending authorization. It is the ARN of the identity that is associated with the sending authorization policy that permits you to specify a particular "From" address in the header of the raw email.

Instead of using this parameter, you can use the X-header X-SES-FROM-ARN in the raw message of the email. If you use both the FromArn parameter and the corresponding X-header, Amazon SES uses the value of the FromArn parameter.

Note

For information about when to use this parameter, see the description of SendRawEmail in this guide, or see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Type: String

Required: No

RawMessage

The raw text of the message. The client is responsible for ensuring the following:

  • Message must contain a header and a body, separated by a blank line.

  • All required header fields must be present.

  • Each part of a multipart MIME message must be formatted properly.

  • MIME content types must be among those supported by Amazon SES. For more information, go to the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

  • Content must be base64-encoded, if MIME requires it.

Type: RawMessage object

Required: Yes

ReturnPathArn

This parameter is used only for sending authorization. It is the ARN of the identity that is associated with the sending authorization policy that permits you to use the email address specified in the ReturnPath parameter.

For example, if the owner of example.com (which has ARN arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com) attaches a policy to it that authorizes you to use feedback@example.com, then you would specify the ReturnPathArn to be arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com, and the ReturnPath to be feedback@example.com.

Instead of using this parameter, you can use the X-header X-SES-RETURN-PATH-ARN in the raw message of the email. If you use both the ReturnPathArn parameter and the corresponding X-header, Amazon SES uses the value of the ReturnPathArn parameter.

Note

For information about when to use this parameter, see the description of SendRawEmail in this guide, or see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Type: String

Required: No

Source

The identity's email address. If you do not provide a value for this parameter, you must specify a "From" address in the raw text of the message. (You can also specify both.)

By default, the string must be 7-bit ASCII. If the text must contain any other characters, then you must use MIME encoded-word syntax (RFC 2047) instead of a literal string. MIME encoded-word syntax uses the following form: =?charset?encoding?encoded-text?=. For more information, see RFC 2047.

Note

If you specify the Source parameter and have feedback forwarding enabled, then bounces and complaints will be sent to this email address. This takes precedence over any Return-Path header that you might include in the raw text of the message.

Type: String

Required: No

SourceArn

This parameter is used only for sending authorization. It is the ARN of the identity that is associated with the sending authorization policy that permits you to send for the email address specified in the Source parameter.

For example, if the owner of example.com (which has ARN arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com) attaches a policy to it that authorizes you to send from user@example.com, then you would specify the SourceArn to be arn:aws:ses:us-east-1:123456789012:identity/example.com, and the Source to be user@example.com.

Instead of using this parameter, you can use the X-header X-SES-SOURCE-ARN in the raw message of the email. If you use both the SourceArn parameter and the corresponding X-header, Amazon SES uses the value of the SourceArn parameter.

Note

For information about when to use this parameter, see the description of SendRawEmail in this guide, or see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

Type: String

Required: No

Response Elements

The following element is returned by the service.

MessageId

The unique message identifier returned from the SendRawEmail action.

Type: String

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

MailFromDomainNotVerified

Indicates that the message could not be sent because Amazon SES could not read the MX record required to use the specified MAIL FROM domain. For information about editing the custom MAIL FROM domain settings for an identity, see the Amazon SES Developer Guide.

HTTP Status Code: 400

MessageRejected

Indicates that the action failed, and the message could not be sent. Check the error stack for more information about what caused the error.

HTTP Status Code: 400

Example

Sample Request


                
POST / HTTP/1.1
Date: Wed, 17 Aug 2011 00:21:38 GMT
Host: email.us-east-1.amazonaws.com
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
X-Amzn-Authorization: AWS3 AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE,
 Signature=uN0lHIf14tmMBzwnkHzaWBLrBFvJAvyXCsfSYAvwLuc=,
 Algorithm=HmacSHA256, SignedHeaders=Date;Host
Content-Length: 230

AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE
&Action=SendRawEmail
&RawMessage.Data=U3ViamVjdDogRXhhbXBsZQpGcm9tOiBleGFtcGxlQGFtYXpvbi5jb20KVG8
6IGV4YW1wbGVAYW1h%0Aem9uLmNvbQpDb250ZW50LVR5cGU6IG11bHRpcGFydC9hbHRlcm5hdGl2
ZTsgYm91bmRhcnk9MDAx%0ANmU2OGY5ZDkyOWNiMDk2MDRhYWE4MzA0MgoKLS0wMDE2ZTY4ZjlkO
TI5Y2IwOTYwNGFhYTgzMDQy%0ACkNvbnRlbnQtVHlwZTogdGV4dC9wbGFpbjsgY2hhcnNldD1JU0
8tODg1OS0xCgpCb2R5LgoKLS0w%0AMDE2ZTY4ZjlkOTI5Y2IwOTYwNGFhYTgzMDQyCkNvbnRlbnQ
tVHlwZTogdGV4dC9odG1sOyBjaGFy%0Ac2V0PUlTTy04ODU5LTEKCkJvZHkuPGJyPgoKLS0wMDE2
ZTY4ZjlkOTI5Y2IwOTYwNGFhYTgzMDQy%0ALS0%3D%0A
&FromArn=arn%3Aaws%3Ases%3Aus-east-1%3A999999999999%3Aidentity/example@amazon.com
&Timestamp=2011-08-17T00%3A21%3A38.000Z
          
            

Sample Response


                
<SendRawEmailResponse xmlns="http://ses.amazonaws.com/doc/2010-12-01/">
  <SendRawEmailResult>
    <MessageId>00000131d51d6b36-1d4f9293-0aee-4503-b573-9ae4e70e9e38-000000</MessageId>
  </SendRawEmailResult>
  <ResponseMetadata>
    <RequestId>e0abcdfa-c866-11e0-b6d0-273d09173b49</RequestId>
  </ResponseMetadata>
</SendRawEmailResponse>