AWS::WAF::ByteMatchSet - AWS CloudFormation



This is AWS WAF Classic documentation. For more information, see AWS WAF Classic in the developer guide.

For the latest version of AWS WAF , use the AWS WAFV2 API and see the AWS WAF Developer Guide. With the latest version, AWS WAF has a single set of endpoints for regional and global use.

The AWS::WAF::ByteMatchSet resource creates an AWS WAF ByteMatchSet that identifies a part of a web request that you want to inspect.


To declare this entity in your AWS CloudFormation template, use the following syntax:


{ "Type" : "AWS::WAF::ByteMatchSet", "Properties" : { "ByteMatchTuples" : [ ByteMatchTuple, ... ], "Name" : String } }


Type: AWS::WAF::ByteMatchSet Properties: ByteMatchTuples: - ByteMatchTuple Name: String



Specifies the bytes (typically a string that corresponds with ASCII characters) that you want AWS WAF to search for in web requests, the location in requests that you want AWS WAF to search, and other settings.

Required: No

Type: List of ByteMatchTuple

Update requires: No interruption


The name of the ByteMatchSet. You can't change Name after you create a ByteMatchSet.

Required: Yes

Type: String

Minimum: 1

Maximum: 128

Pattern: .*\S.*

Update requires: Replacement

Return values


When you pass the logical ID of this resource to the intrinsic Ref function, Ref returns the resource physical ID, such as 1234a1a-a1b1-12a1-abcd-a123b123456.

For more information about using the Ref function, see Ref.


HTTP Referers

The following example defines a set of HTTP referers to match.


"BadReferers": { "Type": "AWS::WAF::ByteMatchSet", "Properties": { "Name": "ByteMatch for matching bad HTTP referers", "ByteMatchTuples": [ { "FieldToMatch" : { "Type": "HEADER", "Data": "referer" }, "TargetString" : "badrefer1", "TextTransformation" : "NONE", "PositionalConstraint" : "CONTAINS" }, { "FieldToMatch" : { "Type": "HEADER", "Data": "referer" }, "TargetString" : "badrefer2", "TextTransformation" : "NONE", "PositionalConstraint" : "CONTAINS" } ] } }


BadReferers: Type: "AWS::WAF::ByteMatchSet" Properties: Name: "ByteMatch for matching bad HTTP referers" ByteMatchTuples: - FieldToMatch: Type: "HEADER" Data: "referer" TargetString: "badrefer1" TextTransformation: "NONE" PositionalConstraint: "CONTAINS" - FieldToMatch: Type: "HEADER" Data: "referer" TargetString: "badrefer2" TextTransformation: "NONE" PositionalConstraint: "CONTAINS"

Associate a ByteMatchSet with a Web ACL Rule

The following example associates the BadReferers byte match set with a web access control list (ACL) rule.


"BadReferersRule" : { "Type": "AWS::WAF::Rule", "Properties": { "Name": "BadReferersRule", "MetricName" : "BadReferersRule", "Predicates": [ { "DataId" : { "Ref" : "BadReferers" }, "Negated" : false, "Type" : "ByteMatch" } ] } }


BadReferersRule: Type: "AWS::WAF::Rule" Properties: Name: "BadReferersRule" MetricName: "BadReferersRule" Predicates: - DataId: Ref: "BadReferers" Negated: false Type: "ByteMatch"

Create a Web ACL

The following example associates the BadReferersRule rule with a web ACL. The web ACL allows all requests except for ones with referers that match the BadReferersRule rule.


"MyWebACL": { "Type": "AWS::WAF::WebACL", "Properties": { "Name": "WebACL to block IP addresses", "DefaultAction": { "Type": "ALLOW" }, "MetricName" : "MyWebACL", "Rules": [ { "Action" : { "Type" : "BLOCK" }, "Priority" : 1, "RuleId" : { "Ref" : "BadReferersRule" } } ] } }


MyWebACL: Type: "AWS::WAF::WebACL" Properties: Name: "WebACL to block IP addresses" DefaultAction: Type: "ALLOW" MetricName: "MyWebACL" Rules: - Action: Type: "BLOCK" Priority: 1 RuleId: Ref: "BadReferersRule"