CreateVolume - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud

CreateVolume

Creates an EBS volume that can be attached to an instance in the same Availability Zone.

You can create a new empty volume or restore a volume from an EBS snapshot. Any AWS Marketplace product codes from the snapshot are propagated to the volume.

You can create encrypted volumes. Encrypted volumes must be attached to instances that support Amazon EBS encryption. Volumes that are created from encrypted snapshots are also automatically encrypted. For more information, see Amazon EBS encryption in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide.

You can tag your volumes during creation. For more information, see Tagging your Amazon EC2 resources in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide.

For more information, see Creating an Amazon EBS volume in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide.

Request Parameters

The following parameters are for this specific action. For more information about required and optional parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Query Parameters.

AvailabilityZone

The Availability Zone in which to create the volume.

Type: String

Required: Yes

DryRun

Checks whether you have the required permissions for the action, without actually making the request, and provides an error response. If you have the required permissions, the error response is DryRunOperation. Otherwise, it is UnauthorizedOperation.

Type: Boolean

Required: No

Encrypted

Indicates whether the volume should be encrypted. The effect of setting the encryption state to true depends on the volume origin (new or from a snapshot), starting encryption state, ownership, and whether encryption by default is enabled. For more information, see Encryption by default in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide.

Encrypted Amazon EBS volumes must be attached to instances that support Amazon EBS encryption. For more information, see Supported instance types.

Type: Boolean

Required: No

Iops

The number of I/O operations per second (IOPS). For gp3, io1, and io2 volumes, this represents the number of IOPS that are provisioned for the volume. For gp2 volumes, this represents the baseline performance of the volume and the rate at which the volume accumulates I/O credits for bursting.

The following are the supported values for each volume type:

  • gp3: 3,000-16,000 IOPS

  • io1: 100-64,000 IOPS

  • io2: 100-64,000 IOPS

For io1 and io2 volumes, we guarantee 64,000 IOPS only for Instances built on the Nitro System. Other instance families guarantee performance up to 32,000 IOPS.

This parameter is required for io1 and io2 volumes. The default for gp3 volumes is 3,000 IOPS. This parameter is not supported for gp2, st1, sc1, or standard volumes.

Type: Integer

Required: No

KmsKeyId

The identifier of the AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer master key (CMK) to use for Amazon EBS encryption. If this parameter is not specified, your AWS managed CMK for EBS is used. If KmsKeyId is specified, the encrypted state must be true.

You can specify the CMK using any of the following:

  • Key ID. For example, 1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab.

  • Key alias. For example, alias/ExampleAlias.

  • Key ARN. For example, arn:aws:kms:us-east-1:012345678910:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab.

  • Alias ARN. For example, arn:aws:kms:us-east-1:012345678910:alias/ExampleAlias.

AWS authenticates the CMK asynchronously. Therefore, if you specify an ID, alias, or ARN that is not valid, the action can appear to complete, but eventually fails.

Type: String

Required: No

MultiAttachEnabled

Indicates whether to enable Amazon EBS Multi-Attach. If you enable Multi-Attach, you can attach the volume to up to 16 Instances built on the Nitro System in the same Availability Zone. This parameter is supported with io1 and io2 volumes only. For more information, see Amazon EBS Multi-Attach in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide.

Type: Boolean

Required: No

OutpostArn

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the Outpost.

Type: String

Required: No

Size

The size of the volume, in GiBs. You must specify either a snapshot ID or a volume size. If you specify a snapshot, the default is the snapshot size. You can specify a volume size that is equal to or larger than the snapshot size.

The following are the supported volumes sizes for each volume type:

  • gp2 and gp3: 1-16,384

  • io1 and io2: 4-16,384

  • st1 and sc1: 125-16,384

  • standard: 1-1,024

Type: Integer

Required: No

SnapshotId

The snapshot from which to create the volume. You must specify either a snapshot ID or a volume size.

Type: String

Required: No

TagSpecification.N

The tags to apply to the volume during creation.

Type: Array of TagSpecification objects

Required: No

Throughput

The throughput to provision for a volume, with a maximum of 1,000 MiB/s.

This parameter is valid only for gp3 volumes.

Valid Range: Minimum value of 125. Maximum value of 1000.

Type: Integer

Required: No

VolumeType

The volume type. This parameter can be one of the following values:

  • General Purpose SSD: gp2 | gp3

  • Provisioned IOPS SSD: io1 | io2

  • Throughput Optimized HDD: st1

  • Cold HDD: sc1

  • Magnetic: standard

For more information, see Amazon EBS volume types in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide.

Default: gp2

Type: String

Valid Values: standard | io1 | io2 | gp2 | sc1 | st1 | gp3

Required: No

Response Elements

The following elements are returned by the service.

attachmentSet

Information about the volume attachments.

Type: Array of VolumeAttachment objects

availabilityZone

The Availability Zone for the volume.

Type: String

createTime

The time stamp when volume creation was initiated.

Type: Timestamp

encrypted

Indicates whether the volume is encrypted.

Type: Boolean

fastRestored

Indicates whether the volume was created using fast snapshot restore.

Type: Boolean

iops

The number of I/O operations per second (IOPS). For gp3, io1, and io2 volumes, this represents the number of IOPS that are provisioned for the volume. For gp2 volumes, this represents the baseline performance of the volume and the rate at which the volume accumulates I/O credits for bursting.

Type: Integer

kmsKeyId

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer master key (CMK) that was used to protect the volume encryption key for the volume.

Type: String

multiAttachEnabled

Indicates whether Amazon EBS Multi-Attach is enabled.

Type: Boolean

outpostArn

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the Outpost.

Type: String

requestId

The ID of the request.

Type: String

size

The size of the volume, in GiBs.

Type: Integer

snapshotId

The snapshot from which the volume was created, if applicable.

Type: String

status

The volume state.

Type: String

Valid Values: creating | available | in-use | deleting | deleted | error

tagSet

Any tags assigned to the volume.

Type: Array of Tag objects

throughput

The throughput that the volume supports, in MiB/s.

Type: Integer

volumeId

The ID of the volume.

Type: String

volumeType

The volume type.

Type: String

Valid Values: standard | io1 | io2 | gp2 | sc1 | st1 | gp3

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common client error codes.

Examples

Example 1

This example request creates an 150 GiB Multi-Attach enabled io1 volume in the us-east-1a Availability Zone.

Sample Request

https://ec2.amazonaws.com/?Action=CreateVolume &VolumeType=io1 &Size=150 &Iops=7500 &AvailabilityZone=us-east-1a &MultiAttachEnabled=true &AUTHPARAMS

Sample Response

<CreateVolumeResponse xmlns="http://ec2.amazonaws.com/doc/2016-11-15/"> <requestId>59dbff89-35bd-4eac-99ed-be587EXAMPLE</requestId> <volumeId>vol-1234567890abcdef0</volumeId> <size>150</size> <iops>7500</iops> <snapshotId/> <availabilityZone>us-east-1a</availabilityZone> <status>creating</status> <createTime>YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS.000Z</createTime> <volumeType>io1;</volumeType> <encrypted>true</encrypted> <multiAttachEnabled>true</multiAttachEnabled> </CreateVolumeResponse>

Example 2

This example request creates an 80 GiB encrypted volume in the Availability Zone us-east-1a.

Sample Request

https://ec2.amazonaws.com/?Action=CreateVolume &Size=80 &AvailabilityZone=us-east-1a &Encrypted=true &AUTHPARAMS

Sample Response

<CreateVolumeResponse xmlns="http://ec2.amazonaws.com/doc/2016-11-15/"> <requestId>248f69ab-c7a9-4ad2-8e7c-b7556EXAMPLE</requestId> <volumeId>vol-08bf1d00afabcdef0</volumeId> <size>80</size> <snapshotId></snapshotId> <availabilityZone>us-east-1a</availabilityZone> <status>creating</status> <createTime>2020-11-30T10:39:56.000Z</createTime> <volumeType>gp2</volumeType> <iops>189</iops> <encrypted>true</encrypted> <kmsKeyId>arn:aws:kms:us-east-1:123456789012:key/237eb1a7-2fa1-44dc-b95e-6c526EXAMPLE</kmsKeyId> <tagSet/> <multiAttachEnabled>false</multiAttachEnabled> </CreateVolumeResponse>

Example 3

This example request creates a volume and applies a tag with a key of stack and a value of production.

Sample Request

https://ec2.amazonaws.com/?Action=CreateVolume &Size=80 &AvailabilityZone=us-east-1a &TagSpecification.1.ResourceType=volume &TagSpecification.1.Tag.1.Key=stack &TagSpecification.1.Tag.1.Value=production &AUTHPARAMS

Sample Response

<CreateVolumeResponse xmlns="http://ec2.amazonaws.com/doc/2016-11-15/"> <requestId>bb216d10-54b9-4bc2-958d-fcfe2EXAMPLE</requestId> <volumeId>vol-043c91f2fa4abcdef</volumeId> <size>80</size> <snapshotId></snapshotId> <availabilityZone>us-east-1a</availabilityZone> <status>creating</status> <createTime>2020-11-30T10:47:43.000Z</createTime> <volumeType>gp2</volumeType> <iops>189</iops> <encrypted>true</encrypted> <kmsKeyId>arn:aws:kms:us-east-1:123456789012:key/237eb1a7-2fa1-44dc-b95e-6c526EXAMPLE</kmsKeyId> <tagSet> <item> <key>stack</key> <value>production</value> </item> </tagSet> <multiAttachEnabled>false</multiAttachEnabled> </CreateVolumeResponse>

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: