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Class: AWS.KinesisVideoMedia

AWS.Service show all
API Version:
Defined in:


Constructs a service interface object. Each API operation is exposed as a function on service.

Service Description

Sending a Request Using KinesisVideoMedia

var kinesisvideomedia = new AWS.KinesisVideoMedia();
kinesisvideomedia.getMedia(params, function (err, data) {
  if (err) console.log(err, err.stack); // an error occurred
  else     console.log(data);           // successful response

Locking the API Version

In order to ensure that the KinesisVideoMedia object uses this specific API, you can construct the object by passing the apiVersion option to the constructor:

var kinesisvideomedia = new AWS.KinesisVideoMedia({apiVersion: '2017-09-30'});

You can also set the API version globally in AWS.config.apiVersions using the kinesisvideomedia service identifier:

AWS.config.apiVersions = {
  kinesisvideomedia: '2017-09-30',
  // other service API versions

var kinesisvideomedia = new AWS.KinesisVideoMedia();


  • 2017-09-30

Constructor Summary collapse

Property Summary collapse

Properties inherited from AWS.Service


Method Summary collapse

Methods inherited from AWS.Service

makeRequest, makeUnauthenticatedRequest, waitFor, setupRequestListeners, defineService

Constructor Details

new AWS.KinesisVideoMedia(options = {}) ⇒ Object

Constructs a service object. This object has one method for each API operation.


Constructing a KinesisVideoMedia object

var kinesisvideomedia = new AWS.KinesisVideoMedia({apiVersion: '2017-09-30'});

Options Hash (options):

  • params (map)

    An optional map of parameters to bind to every request sent by this service object. For more information on bound parameters, see "Working with Services" in the Getting Started Guide.

  • endpoint (String|AWS.Endpoint)

    The endpoint URI to send requests to. The default endpoint is built from the configured region. The endpoint should be a string like 'https://{service}.{region}' or an Endpoint object.

  • accessKeyId (String)

    your AWS access key ID.

  • secretAccessKey (String)

    your AWS secret access key.

  • sessionToken (AWS.Credentials)

    the optional AWS session token to sign requests with.

  • credentials (AWS.Credentials)

    the AWS credentials to sign requests with. You can either specify this object, or specify the accessKeyId and secretAccessKey options directly.

  • credentialProvider (AWS.CredentialProviderChain)

    the provider chain used to resolve credentials if no static credentials property is set.

  • region (String)

    the region to send service requests to. See AWS.KinesisVideoMedia.region for more information.

  • maxRetries (Integer)

    the maximum amount of retries to attempt with a request. See AWS.KinesisVideoMedia.maxRetries for more information.

  • maxRedirects (Integer)

    the maximum amount of redirects to follow with a request. See AWS.KinesisVideoMedia.maxRedirects for more information.

  • sslEnabled (Boolean)

    whether to enable SSL for requests.

  • paramValidation (Boolean|map)

    whether input parameters should be validated against the operation description before sending the request. Defaults to true. Pass a map to enable any of the following specific validation features:

    • min [Boolean] — Validates that a value meets the min constraint. This is enabled by default when paramValidation is set to true.
    • max [Boolean] — Validates that a value meets the max constraint.
    • pattern [Boolean] — Validates that a string value matches a regular expression.
    • enum [Boolean] — Validates that a string value matches one of the allowable enum values.
  • computeChecksums (Boolean)

    whether to compute checksums for payload bodies when the service accepts it (currently supported in S3 only)

  • convertResponseTypes (Boolean)

    whether types are converted when parsing response data. Currently only supported for JSON based services. Turning this off may improve performance on large response payloads. Defaults to true.

  • correctClockSkew (Boolean)

    whether to apply a clock skew correction and retry requests that fail because of an skewed client clock. Defaults to false.

  • s3ForcePathStyle (Boolean)

    whether to force path style URLs for S3 objects.

  • s3BucketEndpoint (Boolean)

    whether the provided endpoint addresses an individual bucket (false if it addresses the root API endpoint). Note that setting this configuration option requires an endpoint to be provided explicitly to the service constructor.

  • s3DisableBodySigning (Boolean)

    whether S3 body signing should be disabled when using signature version v4. Body signing can only be disabled when using https. Defaults to true.

  • s3UsEast1RegionalEndpoint ('legacy'|'regional')

    when region is set to 'us-east-1', whether to send s3 request to global endpoints or 'us-east-1' regional endpoints. This config is only applicable to S3 client. Defaults to legacy

  • s3UseArnRegion (Boolean)

    whether to override the request region with the region inferred from requested resource's ARN. Only available for S3 buckets Defaults to true

  • retryDelayOptions (map)

    A set of options to configure the retry delay on retryable errors. Currently supported options are:

    • base [Integer] — The base number of milliseconds to use in the exponential backoff for operation retries. Defaults to 100 ms for all services except DynamoDB, where it defaults to 50ms.
    • customBackoff [function] — A custom function that accepts a retry count and error and returns the amount of time to delay in milliseconds. If the result is a non-zero negative value, no further retry attempts will be made. The base option will be ignored if this option is supplied. The function is only called for retryable errors.
  • httpOptions (map)

    A set of options to pass to the low-level HTTP request. Currently supported options are:

    • proxy [String] — the URL to proxy requests through
    • agent [http.Agent, https.Agent] — the Agent object to perform HTTP requests with. Used for connection pooling. Defaults to the global agent (http.globalAgent) for non-SSL connections. Note that for SSL connections, a special Agent object is used in order to enable peer certificate verification. This feature is only available in the Node.js environment.
    • connectTimeout [Integer] — Sets the socket to timeout after failing to establish a connection with the server after connectTimeout milliseconds. This timeout has no effect once a socket connection has been established.
    • timeout [Integer] — Sets the socket to timeout after timeout milliseconds of inactivity on the socket. Defaults to two minutes (120000).
    • xhrAsync [Boolean] — Whether the SDK will send asynchronous HTTP requests. Used in the browser environment only. Set to false to send requests synchronously. Defaults to true (async on).
    • xhrWithCredentials [Boolean] — Sets the "withCredentials" property of an XMLHttpRequest object. Used in the browser environment only. Defaults to false.
  • apiVersion (String, Date)

    a String in YYYY-MM-DD format (or a date) that represents the latest possible API version that can be used in all services (unless overridden by apiVersions). Specify 'latest' to use the latest possible version.

  • apiVersions (map<String, String|Date>)

    a map of service identifiers (the lowercase service class name) with the API version to use when instantiating a service. Specify 'latest' for each individual that can use the latest available version.

  • logger (#write, #log)

    an object that responds to .write() (like a stream) or .log() (like the console object) in order to log information about requests

  • systemClockOffset (Number)

    an offset value in milliseconds to apply to all signing times. Use this to compensate for clock skew when your system may be out of sync with the service time. Note that this configuration option can only be applied to the global AWS.config object and cannot be overridden in service-specific configuration. Defaults to 0 milliseconds.

  • signatureVersion (String)

    the signature version to sign requests with (overriding the API configuration). Possible values are: 'v2', 'v3', 'v4'.

  • signatureCache (Boolean)

    whether the signature to sign requests with (overriding the API configuration) is cached. Only applies to the signature version 'v4'. Defaults to true.

  • dynamoDbCrc32 (Boolean)

    whether to validate the CRC32 checksum of HTTP response bodies returned by DynamoDB. Default: true.

  • useAccelerateEndpoint (Boolean)

    Whether to use the S3 Transfer Acceleration endpoint with the S3 service. Default: false.

  • clientSideMonitoring (Boolean)

    whether to collect and publish this client's performance metrics of all its API requests.

  • endpointDiscoveryEnabled (Boolean|undefined)

    whether to call operations with endpoints given by service dynamically. Setting this

  • endpointCacheSize (Number)

    the size of the global cache storing endpoints from endpoint discovery operations. Once endpoint cache is created, updating this setting cannot change existing cache size. Defaults to 1000

  • hostPrefixEnabled (Boolean)

    whether to marshal request parameters to the prefix of hostname. Defaults to true.

  • stsRegionalEndpoints ('legacy'|'regional')

    whether to send sts request to global endpoints or regional endpoints. Defaults to 'legacy'.

  • useFipsEndpoint (Boolean)

    Enables FIPS compatible endpoints. Defaults to false.

  • useDualstackEndpoint (Boolean)

    Enables IPv6 dualstack endpoint. Defaults to false.

Property Details

endpointAWS.Endpoint (readwrite)

Returns an Endpoint object representing the endpoint URL for service requests.


  • (AWS.Endpoint)

    an Endpoint object representing the endpoint URL for service requests.

Method Details

getMedia(params = {}, callback) ⇒ AWS.Request

Use this API to retrieve media content from a Kinesis video stream. In the request, you identify the stream name or stream Amazon Resource Name (ARN), and the starting chunk. Kinesis Video Streams then returns a stream of chunks in order by fragment number.

Note: You must first call the GetDataEndpoint API to get an endpoint. Then send the GetMedia requests to this endpoint using the --endpoint-url parameter.

When you put media data (fragments) on a stream, Kinesis Video Streams stores each incoming fragment and related metadata in what is called a "chunk." For more information, see PutMedia. The GetMedia API returns a stream of these chunks starting from the chunk that you specify in the request.

The following limits apply when using the GetMedia API:

  • A client can call GetMedia up to five times per second per stream.

  • Kinesis Video Streams sends media data at a rate of up to 25 megabytes per second (or 200 megabits per second) during a GetMedia session.

Note: If an error is thrown after invoking a Kinesis Video Streams media API, in addition to the HTTP status code and the response body, it includes the following pieces of information:
  • x-amz-ErrorType HTTP header – contains a more specific error type in addition to what the HTTP status code provides.
  • x-amz-RequestId HTTP header – if you want to report an issue to AWS, the support team can better diagnose the problem if given the Request Id.
Both the HTTP status code and the ErrorType header can be utilized to make programmatic decisions about whether errors are retry-able and under what conditions, as well as provide information on what actions the client programmer might need to take in order to successfully try again. For more information, see the Errors section at the bottom of this topic, as well as Common Errors.

Service Reference:


Calling the getMedia operation

var params = {
  StartSelector: { /* required */
    AfterFragmentNumber: 'STRING_VALUE',
    ContinuationToken: 'STRING_VALUE',
    StartTimestamp: new Date || 'Wed Dec 31 1969 16:00:00 GMT-0800 (PST)' || 123456789
  StreamName: 'STRING_VALUE'
kinesisvideomedia.getMedia(params, function(err, data) {
  if (err) console.log(err, err.stack); // an error occurred
  else     console.log(data);           // successful response


  • params (Object) (defaults to: {})
    • StreamName — (String)

      The Kinesis video stream name from where you want to get the media content. If you don't specify the streamName, you must specify the streamARN.

    • StreamARN — (String)

      The ARN of the stream from where you want to get the media content. If you don't specify the streamARN, you must specify the streamName.

    • StartSelector — (map)

      Identifies the starting chunk to get from the specified stream.

      • StartSelectorTyperequired — (String)

        Identifies the fragment on the Kinesis video stream where you want to start getting the data from.

        • NOW - Start with the latest chunk on the stream.

        • EARLIEST - Start with earliest available chunk on the stream.

        • FRAGMENT_NUMBER - Start with the chunk after a specific fragment. You must also specify the AfterFragmentNumber parameter.

        • PRODUCER_TIMESTAMP or SERVER_TIMESTAMP - Start with the chunk containing a fragment with the specified producer or server timestamp. You specify the timestamp by adding StartTimestamp.

        • CONTINUATION_TOKEN - Read using the specified continuation token.

        Note: If you choose the NOW, EARLIEST, or CONTINUATION_TOKEN as the startSelectorType, you don't provide any additional information in the startSelector.
        Possible values include:
        • "NOW"
        • "EARLIEST"
      • AfterFragmentNumber — (String)

        Specifies the fragment number from where you want the GetMedia API to start returning the fragments.

      • StartTimestamp — (Date)

        A timestamp value. This value is required if you choose the PRODUCER_TIMESTAMP or the SERVER_TIMESTAMP as the startSelectorType. The GetMedia API then starts with the chunk containing the fragment that has the specified timestamp.

      • ContinuationToken — (String)

        Continuation token that Kinesis Video Streams returned in the previous GetMedia response. The GetMedia API then starts with the chunk identified by the continuation token.

Callback (callback):

  • function(err, data) { ... }

    Called when a response from the service is returned. If a callback is not supplied, you must call AWS.Request.send() on the returned request object to initiate the request.

    Context (this):

    • (AWS.Response)

      the response object containing error, data properties, and the original request object.


    • err (Error)

      the error object returned from the request. Set to null if the request is successful.

    • data (Object)

      the de-serialized data returned from the request. Set to null if a request error occurs. The data object has the following properties:

      • ContentType — (String)

        The content type of the requested media.

      • Payload — (Buffer(Node.js), Typed Array(Browser), ReadableStream)

        The payload Kinesis Video Streams returns is a sequence of chunks from the specified stream. For information about the chunks, see . The chunks that Kinesis Video Streams returns in the GetMedia call also include the following additional Matroska (MKV) tags:

        • AWS_KINESISVIDEO_CONTINUATION_TOKEN (UTF-8 string) - In the event your GetMedia call terminates, you can use this continuation token in your next request to get the next chunk where the last request terminated.

        • AWS_KINESISVIDEO_MILLIS_BEHIND_NOW (UTF-8 string) - Client applications can use this tag value to determine how far behind the chunk returned in the response is from the latest chunk on the stream.

        • AWS_KINESISVIDEO_FRAGMENT_NUMBER - Fragment number returned in the chunk.

        • AWS_KINESISVIDEO_SERVER_TIMESTAMP - Server timestamp of the fragment.

        • AWS_KINESISVIDEO_PRODUCER_TIMESTAMP - Producer timestamp of the fragment.

        The following tags will be present if an error occurs:

        • AWS_KINESISVIDEO_ERROR_CODE - String description of an error that caused GetMedia to stop.

        • AWS_KINESISVIDEO_ERROR_ID: Integer code of the error.

        The error codes are as follows:

        • 3002 - Error writing to the stream

        • 4000 - Requested fragment is not found

        • 4500 - Access denied for the stream's KMS key

        • 4501 - Stream's KMS key is disabled

        • 4502 - Validation error on the stream's KMS key

        • 4503 - KMS key specified in the stream is unavailable

        • 4504 - Invalid usage of the KMS key specified in the stream

        • 4505 - Invalid state of the KMS key specified in the stream

        • 4506 - Unable to find the KMS key specified in the stream

        • 5000 - Internal error


  • (AWS.Request)

    a handle to the operation request for subsequent event callback registration.