Use bind mounts with Amazon ECS - Amazon Elastic Container Service

Use bind mounts with Amazon ECS

With bind mounts, a file or directory on a host, such as an Amazon EC2 instance, is mounted into a container. Bind mounts are supported for tasks that are hosted on both Fargate and Amazon EC2 instances. Bind mounts are tied to the lifecycle of the container that uses them. After all of the containers that use a bind mount are stopped, such as when a task is stopped, the data is removed. For tasks that are hosted on Amazon EC2 instances, the data can be tied to the lifecycle of the host Amazon EC2 instance by specifying a host and optional sourcePath value in your task definition. For more information, see Using bind mounts in the Docker documentation.

The following are common use cases for bind mounts.

  • To provide an empty data volume to mount in one or more containers.

  • To mount a host data volume in one or more containers.

  • To share a data volume from a source container with other containers in the same task.

  • To expose a path and its contents from a Dockerfile to one or more containers.

Considerations when using bind mounts

When using bind mounts, consider the following.

  • By default, tasks that are hosted on AWS Fargate using platform version 1.4.0 or later (Linux) or 1.0.0 or later (Windows) receive a minimum of 20 GiB of ephemeral storage for bind mounts. You can increase the total amount of ephemeral storage up to a maximum of 200 GiB by specifying the ephemeralStorage parameter in your task definition.

  • To expose files from a Dockerfile to a data volume when a task is run, the Amazon ECS data plane looks for a VOLUME directive. If the absolute path that's specified in the VOLUME directive is the same as the containerPath that's specified in the task definition, the data in the VOLUME directive path is copied to the data volume. In the following Dockerfile example, a file that's named examplefile in the /var/log/exported directory is written to the host and then mounted inside the container.

    FROM RUN mkdir -p /var/log/exported RUN touch /var/log/exported/examplefile VOLUME ["/var/log/exported"]

    By default, the volume permissions are set to 0755 and the owner as root. You can customize these permissions in the Dockerfile. The following example defines the owner of the directory as node.

    FROM RUN yum install -y shadow-utils && yum clean all RUN useradd node RUN mkdir -p /var/log/exported && chown node:node /var/log/exported RUN touch /var/log/exported/examplefile USER node VOLUME ["/var/log/exported"]
  • For tasks that are hosted on Amazon EC2 instances, when a host and sourcePath value aren't specified, the Docker daemon manages the bind mount for you. When no containers reference this bind mount, the Amazon ECS container agent task cleanup service eventually deletes it. By default, this happens three hours after the container exits. However, you can configure this duration with the ECS_ENGINE_TASK_CLEANUP_WAIT_DURATION agent variable. For more information, see Amazon ECS container agent configuration. If you need this data to persist beyond the lifecycle of the container, specify a sourcePath value for the bind mount.