Overview of Performance Insights - Amazon Aurora

Overview of Performance Insights

By default, Performance Insights is enabled in the console create wizard for Amazon RDS engines. If you have more than one database on a DB instance, Performance Insights aggregates performance data.

Active Sessions

The central metric for Performance Insights is DB Load, which represents the average number of active sessions for the DB engine. The DB Load metric is collected every second. An active session is a connection that has submitted work to the DB engine and is waiting for a response. For example, if you submit a SQL query to the DB engine, the database session is active while the DB engine is processing the query.

A wait event causes a SQL statement to wait for a specific event to happen before it can continue running. For example, a SQL statement might wait until a locked resource is unlocked. By combining DB Load with wait events, you can get a complete picture of the session state. Wait events vary by DB engine:

Maximum CPU

In the dashboard, the Database load chart collects, aggregates, and displays session information. To see whether active sessions are exceeding the maximum CPU, look at their relationship to the Max vCPU line. The Max vCPU value is determined by the number of vCPU (virtual CPU) cores for your DB instance.

If the load is often above the Max vCPU line, and the primary wait state is CPU, the system CPU is overloaded. In these cases, you might want to throttle connections to the instance, tune any SQL queries with a high CPU load, or consider a larger instance class. High and consistent instances of any wait state indicate that there might be bottlenecks or resource contention issues to resolve. This can be true even if the load doesn't cross the Max vCPU line.

You can find an overview of Performance Insights in the following video.

Supported DB Engines for Performance Insights

Following, you can find the DB engines that support Performance Insights.

DB Engine

Supported DB Engine Versions

Amazon Aurora with MySQL compatibility

2.04.2 and higher 2.x versions (compatible with MySQL 5.7), and 1.17.3 and higher 1.x versions (compatible with MySQL 5.6). Not supported on db.t2 or db.t3 DB instance classes. Not supported for DB clusters enabled for parallel query.

Amazon Aurora with PostgreSQL compatibility

All versions.

Amazon RDS for MariaDB

10.4.8 and higher 10.4 versions, 10.3.13 and higher 10.3 versions, and 10.2.21 and higher 10.2 versions. Not supported for MariaDB version 10.0 or 10.1. Not supported for MariaDB version 10.3.13 DB instances in the Europe (Frankfurt) and Europe (Stockholm) AWS Regions. Not supported on the following DB instance classes: db.t2.micro, db.t2.small, db.t3.micro, and db.t3.small.

Amazon RDS for MySQL

8.0.17 and higher 8.0 versions, version 5.7.22 and higher 5.7 versions, and version 5.6.41 and higher 5.6 versions. Not supported for version 5.5. Not supported on the following DB instance classes: db.t2.micro, db.t2.small, db.t3.micro, db.t3.small, all db.m6g instance classes, and all db.r6g instance classes.

Amazon RDS for Microsoft SQL Server

All versions except SQL Server 2008.

Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL

Version 10, 11, and 12. Not supported on the db.m6g and db.r6g instance classes.

Amazon RDS for Oracle

All versions.


Amazon RDS Performance Insights is not supported in the Middle East (Bahrain) Region.