Managing object tags - Amazon Simple Storage Service

Managing object tags

This section explains how you can manage object tags using the AWS SDKs for Java and .NET or the Amazon S3 console.

Object tagging gives you a way to categorize storage. Each tag is a key-value pair that adheres to the following rules:

  • You can associate up to 10 tags with an object. Tags associated with an object must have unique tag keys.

  • A tag key can be up to 128 Unicode characters in length and tag values can be up to 256 Unicode characters in length.

  • Key and tag values are case sensitive.

For more information about object tags, see Categorizing your storage using tags. For more information about tag restrictions, see User-Defined Tag Restrictions in the AWS Billing and Cost Management User Guide.

To add tags to an object

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console and open the Amazon S3 console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/s3/.

  2. In the Buckets list, choose the name of the bucket that contains the objects that you want to add tags to.

    You can also optionally navigate to a folder.

  3. In the Objects list, select the checkbox next to the names of the objects that you want to add tags to.

  4. In the Actions menu, choose Edit tags.

  5. Review the objects listed, and choose Add tags.

  6. Each object tag is a key-value pair. Enter a Key and a Value. To add another tag, choose Add Tag.

    You can enter up to 10 tags for an object.

  7. Choose Save changes.

    Amazon S3 adds the tags to the specified objects.

For more information, see also Viewing object properties in the Amazon S3 console and Uploading objects in this guide.

Java

The following example shows how to use the AWS SDK for Java to set tags for a new object and retrieve or replace tags for an existing object. For more information about object tagging, see Categorizing your storage using tags. For instructions on creating and testing a working sample, see Testing the Amazon S3 Java Code Examples.

import com.amazonaws.AmazonServiceException; import com.amazonaws.SdkClientException; import com.amazonaws.auth.profile.ProfileCredentialsProvider; import com.amazonaws.regions.Regions; import com.amazonaws.services.s3.AmazonS3; import com.amazonaws.services.s3.AmazonS3ClientBuilder; import com.amazonaws.services.s3.model.*; import java.io.File; import java.util.ArrayList; import java.util.List; public class ManagingObjectTags { public static void main(String[] args) { Regions clientRegion = Regions.DEFAULT_REGION; String bucketName = "*** Bucket name ***"; String keyName = "*** Object key ***"; String filePath = "*** File path ***"; try { AmazonS3 s3Client = AmazonS3ClientBuilder.standard() .withCredentials(new ProfileCredentialsProvider()) .withRegion(clientRegion) .build(); // Create an object, add two new tags, and upload the object to Amazon S3. PutObjectRequest putRequest = new PutObjectRequest(bucketName, keyName, new File(filePath)); List<Tag> tags = new ArrayList<Tag>(); tags.add(new Tag("Tag 1", "This is tag 1")); tags.add(new Tag("Tag 2", "This is tag 2")); putRequest.setTagging(new ObjectTagging(tags)); PutObjectResult putResult = s3Client.putObject(putRequest); // Retrieve the object's tags. GetObjectTaggingRequest getTaggingRequest = new GetObjectTaggingRequest(bucketName, keyName); GetObjectTaggingResult getTagsResult = s3Client.getObjectTagging(getTaggingRequest); // Replace the object's tags with two new tags. List<Tag> newTags = new ArrayList<Tag>(); newTags.add(new Tag("Tag 3", "This is tag 3")); newTags.add(new Tag("Tag 4", "This is tag 4")); s3Client.setObjectTagging(new SetObjectTaggingRequest(bucketName, keyName, new ObjectTagging(newTags))); } catch (AmazonServiceException e) { // The call was transmitted successfully, but Amazon S3 couldn't process // it, so it returned an error response. e.printStackTrace(); } catch (SdkClientException e) { // Amazon S3 couldn't be contacted for a response, or the client // couldn't parse the response from Amazon S3. e.printStackTrace(); } } }
.NET

The following example shows how to use the AWS SDK for .NET to set the tags for a new object and retrieve or replace the tags for an existing object. For more information about object tagging, see Categorizing your storage using tags.

For instructions on how to create and test a working sample, see Running the Amazon S3 .NET Code Examples.

using Amazon; using Amazon.S3; using Amazon.S3.Model; using System; using System.Collections.Generic; using System.Threading.Tasks; namespace Amazon.DocSamples.S3 { public class ObjectTagsTest { private const string bucketName = "*** bucket name ***"; private const string keyName = "*** key name for the new object ***"; private const string filePath = @"*** file path ***"; // Specify your bucket region (an example region is shown). private static readonly RegionEndpoint bucketRegion = RegionEndpoint.USWest2; private static IAmazonS3 client; public static void Main() { client = new AmazonS3Client(bucketRegion); PutObjectWithTagsTestAsync().Wait(); } static async Task PutObjectWithTagsTestAsync() { try { // 1. Put an object with tags. var putRequest = new PutObjectRequest { BucketName = bucketName, Key = keyName, FilePath = filePath, TagSet = new List<Tag>{ new Tag { Key = "Keyx1", Value = "Value1"}, new Tag { Key = "Keyx2", Value = "Value2" } } }; PutObjectResponse response = await client.PutObjectAsync(putRequest); // 2. Retrieve the object's tags. GetObjectTaggingRequest getTagsRequest = new GetObjectTaggingRequest { BucketName = bucketName, Key = keyName }; GetObjectTaggingResponse objectTags = await client.GetObjectTaggingAsync(getTagsRequest); for (int i = 0; i < objectTags.Tagging.Count; i++) Console.WriteLine("Key: {0}, Value: {1}", objectTags.Tagging[i].Key, objectTags.Tagging[i].Value); // 3. Replace the tagset. Tagging newTagSet = new Tagging(); newTagSet.TagSet = new List<Tag>{ new Tag { Key = "Key3", Value = "Value3"}, new Tag { Key = "Key4", Value = "Value4" } }; PutObjectTaggingRequest putObjTagsRequest = new PutObjectTaggingRequest() { BucketName = bucketName, Key = keyName, Tagging = newTagSet }; PutObjectTaggingResponse response2 = await client.PutObjectTaggingAsync(putObjTagsRequest); // 4. Retrieve the object's tags. GetObjectTaggingRequest getTagsRequest2 = new GetObjectTaggingRequest(); getTagsRequest2.BucketName = bucketName; getTagsRequest2.Key = keyName; GetObjectTaggingResponse objectTags2 = await client.GetObjectTaggingAsync(getTagsRequest2); for (int i = 0; i < objectTags2.Tagging.Count; i++) Console.WriteLine("Key: {0}, Value: {1}", objectTags2.Tagging[i].Key, objectTags2.Tagging[i].Value); } catch (AmazonS3Exception e) { Console.WriteLine( "Error encountered ***. Message:'{0}' when writing an object" , e.Message); } catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine( "Encountered an error. Message:'{0}' when writing an object" , e.Message); } } } }