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Amazon Route 53
Developer Guide (API Version 2013-04-01)

NS and SOA Records that Amazon Route 53 Creates for a Public Hosted Zone

For each public hosted zone that you create, Amazon Route 53 automatically creates a name server (NS) record and a start of authority (SOA) record. Don't change these records.

The Name Server (NS) record

Amazon Route 53 automatically creates a name server (NS) record that has the same name as your hosted zone. It lists the four name servers that are the authoritative name servers for your hosted zone. Do not add, change, or delete name servers in this record.

The following examples show the format for the names of Route 53 name servers (these are examples only; don't use them when you're updating your registrar's name server records):

  • ns-2048.awsdns-64.com

  • ns-2049.awsdns-65.net

  • ns-2050.awsdns-66.org

  • ns-2051.awsdns-67.co.uk

To get the list of name servers for your hosted zone:

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console and open the Route 53 console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/route53/.

  2. In the navigation pane, click Hosted Zones.

  3. On the Hosted Zones page, choose the radio button (not the name) for the hosted zone.

  4. In the right pane, make note of the four servers listed for Name Servers.

For information about migrating DNS service from another DNS service provider to Route 53, see Making Amazon Route 53 the DNS Service for an Existing Domain.

The Start of Authority (SOA) Record

The start of authority (SOA) record identifies the base DNS information about the domain, for example:

ns-2048.awsdns-64.net. hostmaster.example.com. 1 7200 900 1209600 86400

The elements of the SOA record include:

  • The host that created the SOA record, for example, ns-2048.awsdns-64.net.

  • The email address of the administrator in a format with the @ symbol replaced by a period, for example, hostmaster.example.com. The default value is an amazon.com email address that is not monitored.

  • A revision number to increment when you change the zone file and distribute changes to secondary DNS servers, for example 1.

  • A refresh time in seconds that secondary DNS servers wait before querying the primary DNS server's SOA record to check for changes, for example 7200.

  • The retry interval in seconds that a secondary server waits before retrying a failed zone transfer, for example 900 (15 minutes). Normally, the retry time is less than the refresh time.

  • The expire time in seconds that a secondary server will keep trying to complete a zone transfer, for example 1209600 (two weeks). If this time expires prior to a successful zone transfer, the secondary server will expire its zone file. This means that the secondary server will stop answering queries because it considers its data too old to be reliable.

  • The minimum time to live (TTL). This value helps define the length of time that an NXDOMAIN result, which indicates that a domain does not exist, should be cached by a DNS resolver. Caching this negative result is referred to as negative caching. The duration of negative caching is the lesser of the SOA record's TTL or the value of the minimum TTL field. The default minimum TTL on Amazon Route 53 SOA records is 900 seconds. To change the TTL for records, including SOA records, you can use the Route 53 console. For more information, see Editing Records. You can also use the ChangeResourceRecordSets API. For more information, see ChangeResourceRecordSets in the Amazon Route 53 API Reference.