Creating a Vault in Amazon S3 Glacier Using the AWS SDK for Java - Amazon S3 Glacier

If you're new to archival storage in Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3), we recommend that you start by learning more about the S3 Glacier storage classes in Amazon S3, S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval, S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval, and S3 Glacier Deep Archive. For more information, see S3 Glacier storage classes and Storage classes for archiving objects in the Amazon S3 User Guide.

Creating a Vault in Amazon S3 Glacier Using the AWS SDK for Java

The low-level API provides methods for all the vault operations, including creating and deleting vaults, getting a vault description, and getting a list of vaults created in a specific AWS Region. The following are the steps to create a vault using the AWS SDK for Java.

  1. Create an instance of the AmazonGlacierClient class (the client).

    You need to specify an AWS Region in which you want to create a vault. All operations you perform using this client apply to that AWS Region.

  2. Provide request information by creating an instance of the CreateVaultRequest class.

    Amazon S3 Glacier (S3 Glacier) requires you to provide a vault name and your account ID. If you don't provide an account ID, then the account ID associated with the credentials you provide to sign the request is used. For more information, see Using the AWS SDK for Java with Amazon S3 Glacier.

  3. Run the createVault method by providing the request object as a parameter.

    The response S3 Glacier returns is available in the CreateVaultResult object.

The following Java code snippet illustrates the preceding steps. The snippet creates a vault in the us-west-2 Region. The Location it prints is the relative URI of the vault that includes your account ID, the AWS Region, and the vault name.

AmazonGlacierClient client = new AmazonGlacierClient(credentials); client.setEndpoint(""); CreateVaultRequest request = new CreateVaultRequest() .withVaultName("*** provide vault name ***"); CreateVaultResult result = client.createVault(request); System.out.println("Created vault successfully: " + result.getLocation());

For information about the underlying REST API, see Create Vault (PUT vault).

Example: Creating a Vault Using the AWS SDK for Java

The following Java code example creates a vault in the us-west-2 Region (for more information on AWS Regions, see Accessing Amazon S3 Glacier). In addition, the code example retrieves the vault information, lists all vaults in the same AWS Region, and then deletes the vault created.

For step-by-step instructions on how to run the following example, see Running Java Examples for Amazon S3 Glacier Using Eclipse.

import; import java.util.List; import com.amazonaws.auth.profile.ProfileCredentialsProvider; import; import; import; import; import; import; import; import; import; public class AmazonGlacierVaultOperations { public static AmazonGlacierClient client; public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException { ProfileCredentialsProvider credentials = new ProfileCredentialsProvider(); client = new AmazonGlacierClient(credentials); client.setEndpoint(""); String vaultName = "examplevaultfordelete"; try { createVault(client, vaultName); describeVault(client, vaultName); listVaults(client); deleteVault(client, vaultName); } catch (Exception e) { System.err.println("Vault operation failed." + e.getMessage()); } } private static void createVault(AmazonGlacierClient client, String vaultName) { CreateVaultRequest createVaultRequest = new CreateVaultRequest() .withVaultName(vaultName); CreateVaultResult createVaultResult = client.createVault(createVaultRequest); System.out.println("Created vault successfully: " + createVaultResult.getLocation()); } private static void describeVault(AmazonGlacierClient client, String vaultName) { DescribeVaultRequest describeVaultRequest = new DescribeVaultRequest() .withVaultName(vaultName); DescribeVaultResult describeVaultResult = client.describeVault(describeVaultRequest); System.out.println("Describing the vault: " + vaultName); System.out.print( "CreationDate: " + describeVaultResult.getCreationDate() + "\nLastInventoryDate: " + describeVaultResult.getLastInventoryDate() + "\nNumberOfArchives: " + describeVaultResult.getNumberOfArchives() + "\nSizeInBytes: " + describeVaultResult.getSizeInBytes() + "\nVaultARN: " + describeVaultResult.getVaultARN() + "\nVaultName: " + describeVaultResult.getVaultName()); } private static void listVaults(AmazonGlacierClient client) { ListVaultsRequest listVaultsRequest = new ListVaultsRequest(); ListVaultsResult listVaultsResult = client.listVaults(listVaultsRequest); List<DescribeVaultOutput> vaultList = listVaultsResult.getVaultList(); System.out.println("\nDescribing all vaults (vault list):"); for (DescribeVaultOutput vault : vaultList) { System.out.println( "\nCreationDate: " + vault.getCreationDate() + "\nLastInventoryDate: " + vault.getLastInventoryDate() + "\nNumberOfArchives: " + vault.getNumberOfArchives() + "\nSizeInBytes: " + vault.getSizeInBytes() + "\nVaultARN: " + vault.getVaultARN() + "\nVaultName: " + vault.getVaultName()); } } private static void deleteVault(AmazonGlacierClient client, String vaultName) { DeleteVaultRequest request = new DeleteVaultRequest() .withVaultName(vaultName); client.deleteVault(request); System.out.println("Deleted vault: " + vaultName); } }