Deleting an Archive in Amazon S3 Glacier Using the AWS Command Line Interface - Amazon S3 Glacier

This page is only for existing customers of the S3 Glacier service using Vaults and the original REST API from 2012.

If you're looking for archival storage solutions we suggest using the S3 Glacier storage classes in Amazon S3, S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval, S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval, and S3 Glacier Deep Archive. To learn more about these storage options, see S3 Glacier storage classes and Long-term data storage using S3 Glacier storage classes in the Amazon S3 User Guide. These storage classes use the Amazon S3 API, are available in all regions, and can be managed within the Amazon S3 console. They offer features like Storage Cost Analysis, Storage Lens, advanced optional encryption features, and more.

Deleting an Archive in Amazon S3 Glacier Using the AWS Command Line Interface

You can delete archives in Amazon S3 Glacier (S3 Glacier) using the AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI).

(Prerequisite) Setting Up the AWS CLI

  1. Download and configure the AWS CLI. For instructions, see the following topics in the AWS Command Line Interface User Guide:

    Installing the AWS Command Line Interface

    Configuring the AWS Command Line Interface

  2. Verify your AWS CLI setup by entering the following commands at the command prompt. These commands don't provide credentials explicitly, so the credentials of the default profile are used.

    • Try using the help command.

      aws help
    • To get a list of S3 Glacier vaults on the configured account, use the list-vaults command. Replace 123456789012 with your AWS account ID.

      aws glacier list-vaults --account-id 123456789012
    • To see the current configuration data for the AWS CLI, use the aws configure list command.

      aws configure list

Example: Deleting an Archive Using the AWS CLI

  1. Use the initiate-job command to start an inventory retrieval job.

    aws glacier initiate-job --vault-name awsexamplevault --account-id 111122223333 --job-parameters="{\"Type\":\"inventory-retrieval\"}"

    Expected output:

    { "location": "/111122223333/vaults/awsexamplevault/jobs/*** jobid ***", "jobId": "*** jobid ***" }
  2. Use the describe-job command to check status of the previous retrieval job.

    aws glacier describe-job --vault-name awsexamplevault --account-id 111122223333 --job-id *** jobid ***

    Expected output:

    { "InventoryRetrievalParameters": { "Format": "JSON" }, "VaultARN": "*** vault arn ***", "Completed": false, "JobId": "*** jobid ***", "Action": "InventoryRetrieval", "CreationDate": "*** job creation date ***", "StatusCode": "InProgress" }
  3. Wait for the job to complete.

    You must wait until the job output is ready for you to download. If you set a notification configuration on the vault or specified an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic when you initiated the job, S3 Glacier sends a message to the topic after it completes the job.

    You can set notification configuration for specific events on the vault. For more information, see Configuring Vault Notifications in Amazon S3 Glacier. S3 Glacier sends a message to the specified SNS topic anytime the specific event occurs.

  4. When it's complete, use the get-job-output command to download the retrieval job to the file output.json.

    aws glacier get-job-output --vault-name awsexamplevault --account-id 111122223333 --job-id *** jobid *** output.json

    This command produces a file with the following fields.

    { "VaultARN":"arn:aws:glacier:region:111122223333:vaults/awsexamplevault", "InventoryDate":"*** job completion date ***", "ArchiveList":[ {"ArchiveId":"*** archiveid ***", "ArchiveDescription":*** archive description (if set) ***, "CreationDate":"*** archive creation date ***", "Size":"*** archive size (in bytes) ***", "SHA256TreeHash":"*** archive hash ***" } {"ArchiveId": ... ]}
  5. Use the delete-archive command to delete each archive from a vault until none remain.

    aws glacier delete-archive --vault-name awsexamplevault --account-id 111122223333 --archive-id *** archiveid ***