Control access to WebSocket APIs with IAM authorization - Amazon API Gateway

Control access to WebSocket APIs with IAM authorization

IAM authorization in WebSocket APIs is similar to that for REST APIs, with the following exceptions:

  • The execute-api action supports ManageConnections in addition to existing actions (Invoke, InvalidateCache). ManageConnections controls access to the @connections API.

  • WebSocket routes use a different ARN format:

  • The @connections API uses the same ARN format as REST APIs:


When you use IAM authorization, you must sign requests with Signature Version 4 (SigV4).

For example, you could set up the following policy to the client. This example allows everyone to send a message (Invoke) for all routes except for a secret route in the prod stage and prevents everyone from sending a message back to connected clients (ManageConnections) for all stages.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "execute-api:Invoke" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:execute-api:us-east-1:account-id:api-id/prod/*" ] }, { "Effect": "Deny", "Action": [ "execute-api:Invoke" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:execute-api:us-east-1:account-id:api-id/prod/secret" ] }, { "Effect": "Deny", "Action": [ "execute-api:ManageConnections" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:execute-api:us-east-1:account-id:api-id/*" ] } ] }