CreateGatewayRoute - AWS App Mesh


Creates a gateway route.

A gateway route is attached to a virtual gateway and routes traffic to an existing virtual service. If a route matches a request, it can distribute traffic to a target virtual service.

For more information about gateway routes, see Gateway routes.

Request Syntax

PUT /v20190125/meshes/meshName/virtualGateway/virtualGatewayName/gatewayRoutes?meshOwner=meshOwner HTTP/1.1 Content-type: application/json { "clientToken": "string", "gatewayRouteName": "string", "spec": { "grpcRoute": { "action": { "rewrite": { "hostname": { "defaultTargetHostname": "string" } }, "target": { "virtualService": { "virtualServiceName": "string" } } }, "match": { "hostname": { "exact": "string", "suffix": "string" }, "metadata": [ { "invert": boolean, "match": { "exact": "string", "prefix": "string", "range": { "end": number, "start": number }, "regex": "string", "suffix": "string" }, "name": "string" } ], "serviceName": "string" } }, "http2Route": { "action": { "rewrite": { "hostname": { "defaultTargetHostname": "string" }, "path": { "exact": "string" }, "prefix": { "defaultPrefix": "string", "value": "string" } }, "target": { "virtualService": { "virtualServiceName": "string" } } }, "match": { "headers": [ { "invert": boolean, "match": { "exact": "string", "prefix": "string", "range": { "end": number, "start": number }, "regex": "string", "suffix": "string" }, "name": "string" } ], "hostname": { "exact": "string", "suffix": "string" }, "method": "string", "path": { "exact": "string", "regex": "string" }, "prefix": "string", "queryParameters": [ { "match": { "exact": "string" }, "name": "string" } ] } }, "httpRoute": { "action": { "rewrite": { "hostname": { "defaultTargetHostname": "string" }, "path": { "exact": "string" }, "prefix": { "defaultPrefix": "string", "value": "string" } }, "target": { "virtualService": { "virtualServiceName": "string" } } }, "match": { "headers": [ { "invert": boolean, "match": { "exact": "string", "prefix": "string", "range": { "end": number, "start": number }, "regex": "string", "suffix": "string" }, "name": "string" } ], "hostname": { "exact": "string", "suffix": "string" }, "method": "string", "path": { "exact": "string", "regex": "string" }, "prefix": "string", "queryParameters": [ { "match": { "exact": "string" }, "name": "string" } ] } }, "priority": number }, "tags": [ { "key": "string", "value": "string" } ] }

URI Request Parameters

The request uses the following URI parameters.


The name of the service mesh to create the gateway route in.

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Required: Yes


The AWS IAM account ID of the service mesh owner. If the account ID is not your own, then the account that you specify must share the mesh with your account before you can create the resource in the service mesh. For more information about mesh sharing, see Working with shared meshes.

Length Constraints: Fixed length of 12.


The name of the virtual gateway to associate the gateway route with. If the virtual gateway is in a shared mesh, then you must be the owner of the virtual gateway resource.

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Required: Yes

Request Body

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.


Unique, case-sensitive identifier that you provide to ensure the idempotency of the request. Up to 36 letters, numbers, hyphens, and underscores are allowed.

Type: String

Required: No


The name to use for the gateway route.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 255.

Required: Yes


The gateway route specification to apply.

Type: GatewayRouteSpec object

Required: Yes


Optional metadata that you can apply to the gateway route to assist with categorization and organization. Each tag consists of a key and an optional value, both of which you define. Tag keys can have a maximum character length of 128 characters, and tag values can have a maximum length of 256 characters.

Type: Array of TagRef objects

Array Members: Minimum number of 0 items. Maximum number of 50 items.

Required: No

Response Syntax

HTTP/1.1 200 Content-type: application/json { "gatewayRoute": { "gatewayRouteName": "string", "meshName": "string", "metadata": { "arn": "string", "createdAt": number, "lastUpdatedAt": number, "meshOwner": "string", "resourceOwner": "string", "uid": "string", "version": number }, "spec": { "grpcRoute": { "action": { "rewrite": { "hostname": { "defaultTargetHostname": "string" } }, "target": { "virtualService": { "virtualServiceName": "string" } } }, "match": { "hostname": { "exact": "string", "suffix": "string" }, "metadata": [ { "invert": boolean, "match": { "exact": "string", "prefix": "string", "range": { "end": number, "start": number }, "regex": "string", "suffix": "string" }, "name": "string" } ], "serviceName": "string" } }, "http2Route": { "action": { "rewrite": { "hostname": { "defaultTargetHostname": "string" }, "path": { "exact": "string" }, "prefix": { "defaultPrefix": "string", "value": "string" } }, "target": { "virtualService": { "virtualServiceName": "string" } } }, "match": { "headers": [ { "invert": boolean, "match": { "exact": "string", "prefix": "string", "range": { "end": number, "start": number }, "regex": "string", "suffix": "string" }, "name": "string" } ], "hostname": { "exact": "string", "suffix": "string" }, "method": "string", "path": { "exact": "string", "regex": "string" }, "prefix": "string", "queryParameters": [ { "match": { "exact": "string" }, "name": "string" } ] } }, "httpRoute": { "action": { "rewrite": { "hostname": { "defaultTargetHostname": "string" }, "path": { "exact": "string" }, "prefix": { "defaultPrefix": "string", "value": "string" } }, "target": { "virtualService": { "virtualServiceName": "string" } } }, "match": { "headers": [ { "invert": boolean, "match": { "exact": "string", "prefix": "string", "range": { "end": number, "start": number }, "regex": "string", "suffix": "string" }, "name": "string" } ], "hostname": { "exact": "string", "suffix": "string" }, "method": "string", "path": { "exact": "string", "regex": "string" }, "prefix": "string", "queryParameters": [ { "match": { "exact": "string" }, "name": "string" } ] } }, "priority": number }, "status": { "status": "string" }, "virtualGatewayName": "string" } }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.


The full description of your gateway route following the create call.

Type: GatewayRouteData object



The request syntax was malformed. Check your request syntax and try again.

HTTP Status Code: 400


The request contains a client token that was used for a previous update resource call with different specifications. Try the request again with a new client token.

HTTP Status Code: 409


You don't have permissions to perform this action.

HTTP Status Code: 403


The request processing has failed because of an unknown error, exception, or failure.

HTTP Status Code: 500


You have exceeded a service limit for your account. For more information, see Service Limits in the AWS App Mesh User Guide.

HTTP Status Code: 400


The specified resource doesn't exist. Check your request syntax and try again.

HTTP Status Code: 404


The request has failed due to a temporary failure of the service.

HTTP Status Code: 503


The maximum request rate permitted by the App Mesh APIs has been exceeded for your account. For best results, use an increasing or variable sleep interval between requests.

HTTP Status Code: 429


In the following example or examples, the Authorization header contents (AUTHPARAMS) must be replaced with an AWS Signature Version 4 signature. For more information about creating these signatures, see Signature Version 4 Signing Process in the AWS General Reference.

You need to learn how to sign HTTP requests only if you intend to manually create them. When you use the AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI) or one of the AWS SDKs to make requests to AWS, these tools automatically sign the requests for you with the access key that you specify when you configure the tools. When you use these tools, you don't need to learn how to sign requests yourself.


The following example creates an HTTP/2 gateway route named myGatewayRoute that is associated to a virtual gateway named myVirtualGateway in the apps service mesh. The route routes all traffic to the virtual service named myservicea.svc.cluster.local.

Sample Request

PUT /v20190125/meshes/apps/virtualGateways HTTP/1.1 Host: Accept-Encoding: identity User-Agent: aws-cli/1.16.298 Python/3.6.0 Windows/10 botocore/1.13.34 X-Amz-Date: 20200608T194401Z Authorization: AUTHPARAMS { "gatewayRouteName": "myGatewayRoute", "spec": { "http2Route": { "action": { "target": { "virtualService": { "virtualServiceName": "myservicea.svc.cluster.local" } } }, "match": { "prefix": "/" } } }, "clientToken": "1aa1111a-1111-1111-111a-a1a1a1aa111a" }

Sample Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK x-amzn-requestid: 696b569b-3593-446d-832c-0a38ce1c53ac content-type: application/json content-length: 517 date: Mon, 08 Jun 2020 19:44:02 GMT x-envoy-upstream-service-time: 48 server: envoy Connection: keep-alive { "gatewayRouteName": "myGatewayRoute", "meshName": "myApps", "metadata": { "arn": "arn:aws:appmesh:us-west-2:123456789012:mesh/apps/virtualGateway/myVirtualGateway/gatewayRoute/myGatewayRoute", "createdAt": 1.591642091122E9, "lastUpdatedAt": 1.591642091122E9, "meshOwner": "123456789012", "resourceOwner": "123456789012", "uid": "ff111ff2-33ff-4ff4-ffff-111f111f111f", "version": 1 }, "spec": { "grpcRoute": null, "http2Route": { "action": { "target": { "virtualService": { "virtualServiceName": "myservicea.svc.cluster.local" } } }, "match": { "prefix": "/" } }, "httpRoute": null }, "status": { "status": "ACTIVE" }, "virtualGatewayName": "myVirtualGateway" }

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: