Amazon Elasticsearch Service Construct Library

---
Features Stability
CFN Resources Stable
Higher level constructs for Domain Stable

CFN Resources: All classes with the Cfn prefix in this module (CFN Resources) are always stable and safe to use.

Stable: Higher level constructs in this module that are marked stable will not undergo any breaking changes. They will strictly follow the Semantic Versioning model.


Amazon Elasticsearch Service has been renamed to Amazon OpenSearch Service; consequently, the @aws-cdk/aws-opensearchservice module should be used instead. See Amazon OpenSearch Service FAQs for details. See Migrating to OpenSearch for migration instructions.

Quick start

Create a development cluster by simply specifying the version:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
import aws_cdk.aws_elasticsearch as es

dev_domain = es.Domain(self, "Domain",
    version=es.ElasticsearchVersion.V7_1
)

To perform version upgrades without replacing the entire domain, specify the enableVersionUpgrade property.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
import aws_cdk.aws_elasticsearch as es

dev_domain = es.Domain(self, "Domain",
    version=es.ElasticsearchVersion.V7_10,
    enable_version_upgrade=True
)

Create a production grade cluster by also specifying things like capacity and az distribution

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
prod_domain = es.Domain(self, "Domain",
    version=es.ElasticsearchVersion.V7_1,
    capacity={
        "master_nodes": 5,
        "data_nodes": 20
    },
    ebs={
        "volume_size": 20
    },
    zone_awareness={
        "availability_zone_count": 3
    },
    logging={
        "slow_search_log_enabled": True,
        "app_log_enabled": True,
        "slow_index_log_enabled": True
    }
)

This creates an Elasticsearch cluster and automatically sets up log groups for logging the domain logs and slow search logs.

A note about SLR

Some cluster configurations (e.g VPC access) require the existence of the AWSServiceRoleForAmazonElasticsearchService Service-Linked Role.

When performing such operations via the AWS Console, this SLR is created automatically when needed. However, this is not the behavior when using CloudFormation. If an SLR is needed, but doesn’t exist, you will encounter a failure message simlar to:

Before you can proceed, you must enable a service-linked role to give Amazon ES...

To resolve this, you need to create the SLR. We recommend using the AWS CLI:

aws iam create-service-linked-role --aws-service-name es.amazonaws.com

You can also create it using the CDK, but note that only the first application deploying this will succeed:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
slr = iam.CfnServiceLinkedRole(self, "ElasticSLR",
    aws_service_name="es.amazonaws.com"
)

Importing existing domains

To import an existing domain into your CDK application, use the Domain.fromDomainEndpoint factory method. This method accepts a domain endpoint of an already existing domain:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
domain_endpoint = "https://my-domain-jcjotrt6f7otem4sqcwbch3c4u.us-east-1.es.amazonaws.com"
domain = Domain.from_domain_endpoint(self, "ImportedDomain", domain_endpoint)

Permissions

IAM

Helper methods also exist for managing access to the domain.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
lambda_ = lambda_.Function(self, "Lambda")

# Grant write access to the app-search index
domain.grant_index_write("app-search", lambda_)

# Grant read access to the 'app-search/_search' path
domain.grant_path_read("app-search/_search", lambda_)

Encryption

The domain can also be created with encryption enabled:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
domain = es.Domain(self, "Domain",
    version=es.ElasticsearchVersion.V7_4,
    ebs={
        "volume_size": 100,
        "volume_type": EbsDeviceVolumeType.GENERAL_PURPOSE_SSD
    },
    node_to_node_encryption=True,
    encryption_at_rest={
        "enabled": True
    }
)

This sets up the domain with node to node encryption and encryption at rest. You can also choose to supply your own KMS key to use for encryption at rest.

VPC Support

Elasticsearch domains can be placed inside a VPC, providing a secure communication between Amazon ES and other services within the VPC without the need for an internet gateway, NAT device, or VPN connection.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
vpc = ec2.Vpc(self, "Vpc")
domain_props = {
    "version": es.ElasticsearchVersion.V7_1,
    "removal_policy": RemovalPolicy.DESTROY,
    "vpc": vpc,
    # must be enabled since our VPC contains multiple private subnets.
    "zone_awareness": {
        "enabled": True
    },
    "capacity": {
        # must be an even number since the default az count is 2.
        "data_nodes": 2
    }
}
es.Domain(self, "Domain", domain_props)

In addition, you can use the vpcSubnets property to control which specific subnets will be used, and the securityGroups property to control which security groups will be attached to the domain. By default, CDK will select all private subnets in the VPC, and create one dedicated security group.

Metrics

Helper methods exist to access common domain metrics for example:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
free_storage_space = domain.metric_free_storage_space()
master_sys_memory_utilization = domain.metric("MasterSysMemoryUtilization")

This module is part of the AWS Cloud Development Kit project.

Fine grained access control

The domain can also be created with a master user configured. The password can be supplied or dynamically created if not supplied.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
domain = es.Domain(self, "Domain",
    version=es.ElasticsearchVersion.V7_1,
    enforce_https=True,
    node_to_node_encryption=True,
    encryption_at_rest={
        "enabled": True
    },
    fine_grained_access_control={
        "master_user_name": "master-user"
    }
)

master_user_password = domain.master_user_password

Using unsigned basic auth

For convenience, the domain can be configured to allow unsigned HTTP requests that use basic auth. Unless the domain is configured to be part of a VPC this means anyone can access the domain using the configured master username and password.

To enable unsigned basic auth access the domain is configured with an access policy that allows anyonmous requests, HTTPS required, node to node encryption, encryption at rest and fine grained access control.

If the above settings are not set they will be configured as part of enabling unsigned basic auth. If they are set with conflicting values, an error will be thrown.

If no master user is configured a default master user is created with the username admin.

If no password is configured a default master user password is created and stored in the AWS Secrets Manager as secret. The secret has the prefix <domain id>MasterUser.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
domain = es.Domain(self, "Domain",
    version=es.ElasticsearchVersion.V7_1,
    use_unsigned_basic_auth=True
)

master_user_password = domain.master_user_password

Audit logs

Audit logs can be enabled for a domain, but only when fine grained access control is enabled.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
domain = es.Domain(self, "Domain",
    version=es.ElasticsearchVersion.V7_1,
    enforce_https=True,
    node_to_node_encryption=True,
    encryption_at_rest={
        "enabled": True
    },
    fine_grained_access_control={
        "master_user_name": "master-user"
    },
    logging={
        "audit_log_enabled": True,
        "slow_search_log_enabled": True,
        "app_log_enabled": True,
        "slow_index_log_enabled": True
    }
)

UltraWarm

UltraWarm nodes can be enabled to provide a cost-effective way to store large amounts of read-only data.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
domain = es.Domain(self, "Domain",
    version=es.ElasticsearchVersion.V7_10,
    capacity={
        "master_nodes": 2,
        "warm_nodes": 2,
        "warm_instance_type": "ultrawarm1.medium.elasticsearch"
    }
)

Custom endpoint

Custom endpoints can be configured to reach the ES domain under a custom domain name.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
Domain(stack, "Domain",
    version=ElasticsearchVersion.V7_7,
    custom_endpoint={
        "domain_name": "search.example.com"
    }
)

It is also possible to specify a custom certificate instead of the auto-generated one.

Additionally, an automatic CNAME-Record is created if a hosted zone is provided for the custom endpoint

Advanced options

Advanced options can used to configure additional options.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
Domain(stack, "Domain",
    version=ElasticsearchVersion.V7_7,
    advanced_options={
        "rest.action.multi.allow_explicit_index": "false",
        "indices.fielddata.cache.size": "25",
        "indices.query.bool.max_clause_count": "2048"
    }
)

Migrating to OpenSearch

To migrate from this module (@aws-cdk/aws-elasticsearch) to the new @aws-cdk/aws-opensearchservice module, you must modify your CDK application to refer to the new module (including some associated changes) and then perform a CloudFormation resource deletion/import.

Necessary CDK Modifications

Make the following modifications to your CDK application to migrate to the @aws-cdk/aws-opensearchservice module.

  • Rewrite module imports to use '@aws-cdk/aws-opensearchservice to '@aws-cdk/aws-elasticsearch. For example:

    # Example automatically generated. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
    import aws_cdk.aws_elasticsearch as es
    from aws_cdk.aws_elasticsearch import Domain
    

    …becomes…

    # Example automatically generated. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
    import aws_cdk.aws_opensearchservice as opensearch
    from aws_cdk.aws_opensearchservice import Domain
    
  • Replace instances of es.ElasticsearchVersion with opensearch.EngineVersion. For example:

    # Example automatically generated. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
    version = es.ElasticsearchVersion.V7_1
    

    …becomes…

    # Example automatically generated. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
    version = opensearch.EngineVersion.ELASTICSEARCH_7_1
    
  • Replace the cognitoKibanaAuth property of DomainProps with cognitoDashboardsAuth. For example:

    # Example automatically generated. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
    es.Domain(self, "Domain",
        cognito_kibana_auth=CognitoOptions(
            identity_pool_id="test-identity-pool-id",
            user_pool_id="test-user-pool-id",
            role=role
        ),
        version=elasticsearch_version
    )
    

    …becomes…

    # Example automatically generated. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
    opensearch.Domain(self, "Domain",
        cognito_dashboards_auth=CognitoOptions(
            identity_pool_id="test-identity-pool-id",
            user_pool_id="test-user-pool-id",
            role=role
        ),
        version=open_search_version
    )
    
  • Rewrite instance type suffixes from .elasticsearch to .search. For example:

    # Example automatically generated. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
    es.Domain(self, "Domain",
        capacity=CapacityConfig(
            master_node_instance_type="r5.large.elasticsearch"
        ),
        version=elasticsearch_version
    )
    

    …becomes…

    # Example automatically generated. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
    opensearch.Domain(self, "Domain",
        capacity=CapacityConfig(
            master_node_instance_type="r5.large.search"
        ),
        version=open_search_version
    )
    
  • Any CfnInclude’d domains will need to be re-written in their original template in order to be successfully included as a opensearch.CfnDomain

CloudFormation Migration

Follow these steps to migrate your application without data loss:

  • Ensure that the removal policy on your domains are set to RemovalPolicy.RETAIN. This is the default for the domain construct, so nothing is required unless you have specifically set the removal policy to some other value.

  • Remove the domain resource from your CloudFormation stacks by manually modifying the synthesized templates used to create the CloudFormation stacks. This may also involve modifying or deleting dependent resources, such as the custom resources that CDK creates to manage the domain’s access policy or any other resource you have connected to the domain. You will need to search for references to each domain’s logical ID to determine which other resources refer to it and replace or delete those references. Do not remove resources that are dependencies of the domain or you will have to recreate or import them before importing the domain. After modification, deploy the stacks through the AWS Management Console or using the AWS CLI.

  • Migrate your CDK application to use the new @aws-cdk/aws-opensearchservice module by applying the necessary modifications listed above. Synthesize your application and obtain the resulting stack templates.

  • Copy just the definition of the domain from the “migrated” templates to the corresponding “stripped” templates that you deployed above. Import the orphaned domains into your CloudFormation stacks using these templates.

  • Synthesize and deploy your CDK application to reconfigure/recreate the modified dependent resources. The CloudFormation stacks should now contain the same resources as existed prior to migration.

  • Proceed with development as normal!