Amazon S3 Construct Library

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Define an unencrypted S3 bucket.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
Bucket(self, "MyFirstBucket")

Bucket constructs expose the following deploy-time attributes:

  • bucketArn - the ARN of the bucket (i.e. arn:aws:s3:::bucket_name)

  • bucketName - the name of the bucket (i.e. bucket_name)

  • bucketWebsiteUrl - the Website URL of the bucket (i.e. http://bucket_name.s3-website-us-west-1.amazonaws.com)

  • bucketDomainName - the URL of the bucket (i.e. bucket_name.s3.amazonaws.com)

  • bucketDualStackDomainName - the dual-stack URL of the bucket (i.e. bucket_name.s3.dualstack.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com)

  • bucketRegionalDomainName - the regional URL of the bucket (i.e. bucket_name.s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com)

  • arnForObjects(pattern) - the ARN of an object or objects within the bucket (i.e. arn:aws:s3:::bucket_name/exampleobject.png or arn:aws:s3:::bucket_name/Development/*)

  • urlForObject(key) - the HTTP URL of an object within the bucket (i.e. https://s3.cn-north-1.amazonaws.com.cn/china-bucket/mykey)

  • s3UrlForObject(key) - the S3 URL of an object within the bucket (i.e. s3://bucket/mykey)

Encryption

Define a KMS-encrypted bucket:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
bucket = Bucket(self, "MyUnencryptedBucket",
    encryption=BucketEncryption.KMS
)

# you can access the encryption key:
assert(bucket.encryption_key instanceof kms.Key)

You can also supply your own key:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
my_kms_key = kms.Key(self, "MyKey")

bucket = Bucket(self, "MyEncryptedBucket",
    encryption=BucketEncryption.KMS,
    encryption_key=my_kms_key
)

assert(bucket.encryption_key === my_kms_key)

Use BucketEncryption.ManagedKms to use the S3 master KMS key:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
bucket = Bucket(self, "Buck",
    encryption=BucketEncryption.KMS_MANAGED
)

assert(bucket.encryption_key == null)

Permissions

A bucket policy will be automatically created for the bucket upon the first call to addToResourcePolicy(statement):

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
bucket = Bucket(self, "MyBucket")
bucket.add_to_resource_policy(iam.PolicyStatement(
    actions=["s3:GetObject"],
    resources=[bucket.arn_for_objects("file.txt")],
    principals=[iam.AccountRootPrincipal()]
))

The bucket policy can be directly accessed after creation to add statements or adjust the removal policy.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
bucket.policy.apply_removal_policy(RemovalPolicy.RETAIN)

Most of the time, you won’t have to manipulate the bucket policy directly. Instead, buckets have “grant” methods called to give prepackaged sets of permissions to other resources. For example:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
lambda_ = lambda_.Function(self, "Lambda")

bucket = Bucket(self, "MyBucket")
bucket.grant_read_write(lambda_)

Will give the Lambda’s execution role permissions to read and write from the bucket.

Sharing buckets between stacks

To use a bucket in a different stack in the same CDK application, pass the object to the other stack:

# Example automatically generated. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
#
# Stack that defines the bucket
#
class Producer(cdk.Stack):

    def __init__(self, scope, id, *, description=None, env=None, stackName=None, tags=None, synthesizer=None, terminationProtection=None):
        super().__init__(scope, id, description=description, env=env, stackName=stackName, tags=tags, synthesizer=synthesizer, terminationProtection=terminationProtection)

        bucket = s3.Bucket(self, "MyBucket",
            removal_policy=cdk.RemovalPolicy.DESTROY
        )
        self.my_bucket = bucket

#
# Stack that consumes the bucket
#
class Consumer(cdk.Stack):
    def __init__(self, scope, id, *, userBucket, description=None, env=None, stackName=None, tags=None, synthesizer=None, terminationProtection=None):
        super().__init__(scope, id, userBucket=userBucket, description=description, env=env, stackName=stackName, tags=tags, synthesizer=synthesizer, terminationProtection=terminationProtection)

        user = iam.User(self, "MyUser")
        user_bucket.grant_read_write(user)

producer = Producer(app, "ProducerStack")
Consumer(app, "ConsumerStack", user_bucket=producer.my_bucket)

Importing existing buckets

To import an existing bucket into your CDK application, use the Bucket.fromBucketAttributes factory method. This method accepts BucketAttributes which describes the properties of an already existing bucket:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
bucket = Bucket.from_bucket_attributes(self, "ImportedBucket",
    bucket_arn="arn:aws:s3:::my-bucket"
)

# now you can just call methods on the bucket
bucket.grant_read_write(user)

Alternatively, short-hand factories are available as Bucket.fromBucketName and Bucket.fromBucketArn, which will derive all bucket attributes from the bucket name or ARN respectively:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
by_name = Bucket.from_bucket_name(self, "BucketByName", "my-bucket")
by_arn = Bucket.from_bucket_arn(self, "BucketByArn", "arn:aws:s3:::my-bucket")

The bucket’s region defaults to the current stack’s region, but can also be explicitly set in cases where one of the bucket’s regional properties needs to contain the correct values.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
my_cross_region_bucket = Bucket.from_bucket_attributes(self, "CrossRegionImport",
    bucket_arn="arn:aws:s3:::my-bucket",
    region="us-east-1"
)

Bucket Notifications

The Amazon S3 notification feature enables you to receive notifications when certain events happen in your bucket as described under S3 Bucket Notifications of the S3 Developer Guide.

To subscribe for bucket notifications, use the bucket.addEventNotification method. The bucket.addObjectCreatedNotification and bucket.addObjectRemovedNotification can also be used for these common use cases.

The following example will subscribe an SNS topic to be notified of all s3:ObjectCreated:* events:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
import aws_cdk.aws_s3_notifications as s3n

my_topic = sns.Topic(self, "MyTopic")
bucket.add_event_notification(s3.EventType.OBJECT_CREATED, s3n.SnsDestination(topic))

This call will also ensure that the topic policy can accept notifications for this specific bucket.

Supported S3 notification targets are exposed by the @aws-cdk/aws-s3-notifications package.

It is also possible to specify S3 object key filters when subscribing. The following example will notify myQueue when objects prefixed with foo/ and have the .jpg suffix are removed from the bucket.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
bucket.add_event_notification(s3.EventType.OBJECT_REMOVED,
    s3n.SqsDestination(my_queue), prefix="foo/", suffix=".jpg")

Block Public Access

Use blockPublicAccess to specify block public access settings on the bucket.

Enable all block public access settings:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
bucket = Bucket(self, "MyBlockedBucket",
    block_public_access=BlockPublicAccess.BLOCK_ALL
)

Block and ignore public ACLs:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
bucket = Bucket(self, "MyBlockedBucket",
    block_public_access=BlockPublicAccess.BLOCK_ACLS
)

Alternatively, specify the settings manually:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
bucket = Bucket(self, "MyBlockedBucket",
    block_public_access=BlockPublicAccess(block_public_policy=True)
)

When blockPublicPolicy is set to true, grantPublicRead() throws an error.

Logging configuration

Use serverAccessLogsBucket to describe where server access logs are to be stored.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
access_logs_bucket = Bucket(self, "AccessLogsBucket")

bucket = Bucket(self, "MyBucket",
    server_access_logs_bucket=access_logs_bucket
)

It’s also possible to specify a prefix for Amazon S3 to assign to all log object keys.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
bucket = Bucket(self, "MyBucket",
    server_access_logs_bucket=access_logs_bucket,
    server_access_logs_prefix="logs"
)

S3 Inventory

An inventory contains a list of the objects in the source bucket and metadata for each object. The inventory lists are stored in the destination bucket as a CSV file compressed with GZIP, as an Apache optimized row columnar (ORC) file compressed with ZLIB, or as an Apache Parquet (Parquet) file compressed with Snappy.

You can configure multiple inventory lists for a bucket. You can configure what object metadata to include in the inventory, whether to list all object versions or only current versions, where to store the inventory list file output, and whether to generate the inventory on a daily or weekly basis.

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
inventory_bucket = s3.Bucket(self, "InventoryBucket")

data_bucket = s3.Bucket(self, "DataBucket",
    inventories=[{
        "frequency": s3.InventoryFrequency.DAILY,
        "include_object_versions": s3.InventoryObjectVersion.CURRENT,
        "destination": {
            "bucket": inventory_bucket
        }
    }, {
        "frequency": s3.InventoryFrequency.WEEKLY,
        "include_object_versions": s3.InventoryObjectVersion.ALL,
        "destination": {
            "bucket": inventory_bucket,
            "prefix": "with-all-versions"
        }
    }
    ]
)

If the destination bucket is created as part of the same CDK application, the necessary permissions will be automatically added to the bucket policy. However, if you use an imported bucket (i.e Bucket.fromXXX()), you’ll have to make sure it contains the following policy document:

{
  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Sid": "InventoryAndAnalyticsExamplePolicy",
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Principal": { "Service": "s3.amazonaws.com" },
      "Action": "s3:PutObject",
      "Resource": ["arn:aws:s3:::destinationBucket/*"]
    }
  ]
}

Website redirection

You can use the two following properties to specify the bucket redirection policy. Please note that these methods cannot both be applied to the same bucket.

Static redirection

You can statically redirect a to a given Bucket URL or any other host name with websiteRedirect:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
bucket = Bucket(self, "MyRedirectedBucket",
    website_redirect={"host_name": "www.example.com"}
)

Routing rules

Alternatively, you can also define multiple websiteRoutingRules, to define complex, conditional redirections:

# Example automatically generated without compilation. See https://github.com/aws/jsii/issues/826
bucket = Bucket(self, "MyRedirectedBucket",
    website_routing_rules=[{
        "host_name": "www.example.com",
        "http_redirect_code": "302",
        "protocol": RedirectProtocol.HTTPS,
        "replace_key": ReplaceKey.prefix_with("test/"),
        "condition": {
            "http_error_code_returned_equals": "200",
            "key_prefix_equals": "prefix"
        }
    }]
)

Filling the bucket as part of deployment

To put files into a bucket as part of a deployment (for example, to host a website), see the @aws-cdk/aws-s3-deployment package, which provides a resource that can do just that.