Table Of Contents

Feedback

User Guide

First time using the AWS CLI? See the User Guide for help getting started.

Note: You are viewing the documentation for an older major version of the AWS CLI (version 1).

AWS CLI version 2, the latest major version of AWS CLI, is now stable and recommended for general use. To view this page for the AWS CLI version 2, click here. For more information see the AWS CLI version 2 installation instructions and migration guide.

[ aws . appmesh ]

create-route

Description

Creates a route that is associated with a virtual router.

You can route several different protocols and define a retry policy for a route. Traffic can be routed to one or more virtual nodes.

For more information about routes, see Routes .

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  create-route
[--client-token <value>]
--mesh-name <value>
[--mesh-owner <value>]
--route-name <value>
--spec <value>
[--tags <value>]
--virtual-router-name <value>
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--client-token (string)

Unique, case-sensitive identifier that you provide to ensure the idempotency of the request. Up to 36 letters, numbers, hyphens, and underscores are allowed.

--mesh-name (string)

The name of the service mesh to create the route in.

--mesh-owner (string)

The AWS IAM account ID of the service mesh owner. If the account ID is not your own, then the account that you specify must share the mesh with your account before you can create the resource in the service mesh. For more information about mesh sharing, see Working with Shared Meshes .

--route-name (string)

The name to use for the route.

--spec (structure)

The route specification to apply.

JSON Syntax:

{
  "grpcRoute": {
    "action": {
      "weightedTargets": [
        {
          "virtualNode": "string",
          "weight": integer
        }
        ...
      ]
    },
    "match": {
      "metadata": [
        {
          "invert": true|false,
          "match": {
            "exact": "string",
            "prefix": "string",
            "range": {
              "end": long,
              "start": long
            },
            "regex": "string",
            "suffix": "string"
          },
          "name": "string"
        }
        ...
      ],
      "methodName": "string",
      "serviceName": "string"
    },
    "retryPolicy": {
      "grpcRetryEvents": ["cancelled"|"deadline-exceeded"|"internal"|"resource-exhausted"|"unavailable", ...],
      "httpRetryEvents": ["string", ...],
      "maxRetries": long,
      "perRetryTimeout": {
        "unit": "ms"|"s",
        "value": long
      },
      "tcpRetryEvents": ["connection-error", ...]
    }
  },
  "http2Route": {
    "action": {
      "weightedTargets": [
        {
          "virtualNode": "string",
          "weight": integer
        }
        ...
      ]
    },
    "match": {
      "headers": [
        {
          "invert": true|false,
          "match": {
            "exact": "string",
            "prefix": "string",
            "range": {
              "end": long,
              "start": long
            },
            "regex": "string",
            "suffix": "string"
          },
          "name": "string"
        }
        ...
      ],
      "method": "CONNECT"|"DELETE"|"GET"|"HEAD"|"OPTIONS"|"PATCH"|"POST"|"PUT"|"TRACE",
      "prefix": "string",
      "scheme": "http"|"https"
    },
    "retryPolicy": {
      "httpRetryEvents": ["string", ...],
      "maxRetries": long,
      "perRetryTimeout": {
        "unit": "ms"|"s",
        "value": long
      },
      "tcpRetryEvents": ["connection-error", ...]
    }
  },
  "httpRoute": {
    "action": {
      "weightedTargets": [
        {
          "virtualNode": "string",
          "weight": integer
        }
        ...
      ]
    },
    "match": {
      "headers": [
        {
          "invert": true|false,
          "match": {
            "exact": "string",
            "prefix": "string",
            "range": {
              "end": long,
              "start": long
            },
            "regex": "string",
            "suffix": "string"
          },
          "name": "string"
        }
        ...
      ],
      "method": "CONNECT"|"DELETE"|"GET"|"HEAD"|"OPTIONS"|"PATCH"|"POST"|"PUT"|"TRACE",
      "prefix": "string",
      "scheme": "http"|"https"
    },
    "retryPolicy": {
      "httpRetryEvents": ["string", ...],
      "maxRetries": long,
      "perRetryTimeout": {
        "unit": "ms"|"s",
        "value": long
      },
      "tcpRetryEvents": ["connection-error", ...]
    }
  },
  "priority": integer,
  "tcpRoute": {
    "action": {
      "weightedTargets": [
        {
          "virtualNode": "string",
          "weight": integer
        }
        ...
      ]
    }
  }
}

--tags (list)

Optional metadata that you can apply to the route to assist with categorization and organization. Each tag consists of a key and an optional value, both of which you define. Tag keys can have a maximum character length of 128 characters, and tag values can have a maximum length of 256 characters.

Shorthand Syntax:

key=string,value=string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "key": "string",
    "value": "string"
  }
  ...
]

--virtual-router-name (string)

The name of the virtual router in which to create the route. If the virtual router is in a shared mesh, then you must be the owner of the virtual router resource.

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

To create a new gRPC route

The following create-route example uses a JSON input file to create a gRPC route. GRPC traffic that has metadata that starts with 123 is routed to a virtual node named serviceBgrpc. If there are specific gRPC, HTTP, or TCP failures when attempting to communicate with the target of the route, the route is retried three times. There is a 15 second delay between each retry attempt.

aws appmesh create-route \
    --cli-input-json file://create-route-grpc.json

Contents of create-route-grpc.json:

{
    "meshName" : "apps",
    "routeName" : "grpcRoute",
    "spec" : {
       "grpcRoute" : {
          "action" : {
             "weightedTargets" : [
                {
                   "virtualNode" : "serviceBgrpc",
                   "weight" : 100
                }
             ]
          },
          "match" : {
             "metadata" : [
                {
                   "invert" : false,
                   "match" : {
                      "prefix" : "123"
                   },
                   "name" : "myMetadata"
                }
             ],
             "methodName" : "GetColor",
             "serviceName" : "com.amazonaws.services.ColorService"
          },
          "retryPolicy" : {
             "grpcRetryEvents" : [ "deadline-exceeded" ],
             "httpRetryEvents" : [ "server-error", "gateway-error" ],
             "maxRetries" : 3,
             "perRetryTimeout" : {
                "unit" : "s",
                "value" : 15
             },
             "tcpRetryEvents" : [ "connection-error" ]
          }
       },
       "priority" : 100
    },
    "virtualRouterName" : "serviceBgrpc"
}

Output:

{
    "route": {
        "meshName": "apps",
        "metadata": {
            "arn": "arn:aws:appmesh:us-west-2:123456789012:mesh/apps/virtualRouter/serviceBgrpc/route/grpcRoute",
            "createdAt": 1572010806.008,
            "lastUpdatedAt": 1572010806.008,
            "uid": "a1b2c3d4-5678-90ab-cdef-11111EXAMPLE",
            "version": 1
        },
        "routeName": "grpcRoute",
        "spec": {
            "grpcRoute": {
                "action": {
                    "weightedTargets": [
                        {
                            "virtualNode": "serviceBgrpc",
                            "weight": 100
                        }
                    ]
                },
                "match": {
                    "metadata": [
                        {
                            "invert": false,
                            "match": {
                                "prefix": "123"
                            },
                            "name": "mymetadata"
                        }
                    ],
                    "methodName": "GetColor",
                    "serviceName": "com.amazonaws.services.ColorService"
                },
                "retryPolicy": {
                    "grpcRetryEvents": [
                        "deadline-exceeded"
                    ],
                    "httpRetryEvents": [
                        "server-error",
                        "gateway-error"
                    ],
                    "maxRetries": 3,
                    "perRetryTimeout": {
                        "unit": "s",
                        "value": 15
                    },
                    "tcpRetryEvents": [
                        "connection-error"
                    ]
                }
            },
            "priority": 100
        },
        "status": {
            "status": "ACTIVE"
        },
        "virtualRouterName": "serviceBgrpc"
    }
}

To create a new HTTP or HTTP/2 route

The following create-route example uses a JSON input file to create an HTTP/2 route. To create an HTTP route, replace http2Route with httpRoute under spec. All HTTP/2 traffic addressed to any URL prefix that has a header value that starts with 123 is routed to a virtual node named serviceBhttp2. If there are specific HTTP or TCP failures when attempting to communicate with the target of the route, the route is retried three times. There is a 15 second delay between each retry attempt.

aws appmesh create-route \
    --cli-input-json file://create-route-http2.json

Contents of create-route-http2.json:

{
    "meshName": "apps",
    "routeName": "http2Route",
    "spec": {
        "http2Route": {
            "action": {
                "weightedTargets": [
                    {
                        "virtualNode": "serviceBhttp2",
                        "weight": 100
                    }
                ]
            },
            "match": {
                "headers": [
                    {
                        "invert": false,
                        "match": {
                            "prefix": "123"
                        },
                        "name": "clientRequestId"
                    }
                ],
                "method": "POST",
                "prefix": "/",
                "scheme": "http"
            },
            "retryPolicy": {
                "httpRetryEvents": [
                    "server-error",
                    "gateway-error"
                ],
                "maxRetries": 3,
                "perRetryTimeout": {
                    "unit": "s",
                    "value": 15
                },
                "tcpRetryEvents": [
                    "connection-error"
                ]
            }
        },
        "priority": 200
    },
    "virtualRouterName": "serviceBhttp2"
}

Output:

{
    "route": {
        "meshName": "apps",
        "metadata": {
            "arn": "arn:aws:appmesh:us-west-2:123456789012:mesh/apps/virtualRouter/serviceBhttp2/route/http2Route",
            "createdAt": 1572011008.352,
            "lastUpdatedAt": 1572011008.352,
            "uid": "a1b2c3d4-5678-90ab-cdef-11111EXAMPLE",
            "version": 1
        },
        "routeName": "http2Route",
        "spec": {
            "http2Route": {
                "action": {
                    "weightedTargets": [
                        {
                            "virtualNode": "serviceBhttp2",
                            "weight": 100
                        }
                    ]
                },
                "match": {
                    "headers": [
                        {
                            "invert": false,
                            "match": {
                                "prefix": "123"
                            },
                            "name": "clientRequestId"
                        }
                    ],
                    "method": "POST",
                    "prefix": "/",
                    "scheme": "http"
                },
                "retryPolicy": {
                    "httpRetryEvents": [
                        "server-error",
                        "gateway-error"
                    ],
                    "maxRetries": 3,
                    "perRetryTimeout": {
                        "unit": "s",
                        "value": 15
                    },
                    "tcpRetryEvents": [
                        "connection-error"
                    ]
                }
            },
            "priority": 200
        },
        "status": {
            "status": "ACTIVE"
        },
        "virtualRouterName": "serviceBhttp2"
    }
}

To create a new TCP route

The following create-route example uses a JSON input file to create a TCP route. 75 percent of traffic is routed to a virtual node named serviceBtcp, and 25 percent of traffic is routed to a virtual node named serviceBv2tcp. Specifying different weightings for different targets is an effective way to do a deployment of a new version of an application. You can adjust the weights so that eventually, 100 percent of all traffic is routed to a target that has the new version of an application.

aws appmesh create-route \
    --cli-input-json file://create-route-tcp.json

Contents of create-route-tcp.json:

{
    "meshName": "apps",
    "routeName": "tcpRoute",
    "spec": {
        "priority": 300,
        "tcpRoute": {
            "action": {
                "weightedTargets": [
                    {
                        "virtualNode": "serviceBtcp",
                        "weight": 75
                    },
                    {
                        "virtualNode": "serviceBv2tcp",
                        "weight": 25
                    }
                ]
            }
        }
    },
    "virtualRouterName": "serviceBtcp"
}

Output:

{
    "route": {
        "meshName": "apps",
        "metadata": {
            "arn": "arn:aws:appmesh:us-west-2:123456789012:mesh/apps/virtualRouter/serviceBtcp/route/tcpRoute",
            "createdAt": 1572011436.26,
            "lastUpdatedAt": 1572011436.26,
            "uid": "a1b2c3d4-5678-90ab-cdef-11111EXAMPLE",
            "version": 1
        },
        "routeName": "tcpRoute",
        "spec": {
            "priority": 300,
            "tcpRoute": {
                "action": {
                    "weightedTargets": [
                        {
                            "virtualNode": "serviceBtcp",
                            "weight": 75
                        },
                        {
                            "virtualNode": "serviceBv2tcp",
                            "weight": 25
                        }
                    ]
                }
            }
        },
        "status": {
            "status": "ACTIVE"
        },
        "virtualRouterName": "serviceBtcp"
    }
}

For more information, see Routes in the AWS App Mesh User Guide.

Output

route -> (structure)

The full description of your mesh following the create call.

meshName -> (string)

The name of the service mesh that the route resides in.

metadata -> (structure)

The associated metadata for the route.

arn -> (string)

The full Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the resource.

createdAt -> (timestamp)

The Unix epoch timestamp in seconds for when the resource was created.

lastUpdatedAt -> (timestamp)

The Unix epoch timestamp in seconds for when the resource was last updated.

meshOwner -> (string)

The AWS IAM account ID of the service mesh owner. If the account ID is not your own, then it's the ID of the account that shared the mesh with your account. For more information about mesh sharing, see Working with Shared Meshes .

resourceOwner -> (string)

The AWS IAM account ID of the resource owner. If the account ID is not your own, then it's the ID of the mesh owner or of another account that the mesh is shared with. For more information about mesh sharing, see Working with Shared Meshes .

uid -> (string)

The unique identifier for the resource.

version -> (long)

The version of the resource. Resources are created at version 1, and this version is incremented each time that they're updated.

routeName -> (string)

The name of the route.

spec -> (structure)

The specifications of the route.

grpcRoute -> (structure)

An object that represents the specification of a gRPC route.

action -> (structure)

An object that represents the action to take if a match is determined.

weightedTargets -> (list)

An object that represents the targets that traffic is routed to when a request matches the route.

(structure)

An object that represents a target and its relative weight. Traffic is distributed across targets according to their relative weight. For example, a weighted target with a relative weight of 50 receives five times as much traffic as one with a relative weight of 10. The total weight for all targets combined must be less than or equal to 100.

virtualNode -> (string)

The virtual node to associate with the weighted target.

weight -> (integer)

The relative weight of the weighted target.

match -> (structure)

An object that represents the criteria for determining a request match.

metadata -> (list)

An object that represents the data to match from the request.

(structure)

An object that represents the match metadata for the route.

invert -> (boolean)

Specify True to match anything except the match criteria. The default value is False .

match -> (structure)

An object that represents the data to match from the request.

exact -> (string)

The value sent by the client must match the specified value exactly.

prefix -> (string)

The value sent by the client must begin with the specified characters.

range -> (structure)

An object that represents the range of values to match on.

end -> (long)

The end of the range.

start -> (long)

The start of the range.

regex -> (string)

The value sent by the client must include the specified characters.

suffix -> (string)

The value sent by the client must end with the specified characters.

name -> (string)

The name of the route.

methodName -> (string)

The method name to match from the request. If you specify a name, you must also specify a serviceName .

serviceName -> (string)

The fully qualified domain name for the service to match from the request.

retryPolicy -> (structure)

An object that represents a retry policy.

grpcRetryEvents -> (list)

Specify at least one of the valid values.

(string)

httpRetryEvents -> (list)

Specify at least one of the following values.

  • server-error – HTTP status codes 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 510, and 511
  • gateway-error – HTTP status codes 502, 503, and 504
  • client-error – HTTP status code 409
  • stream-error – Retry on refused stream

(string)

maxRetries -> (long)

The maximum number of retry attempts.

perRetryTimeout -> (structure)

An object that represents a duration of time.

unit -> (string)

A unit of time.

value -> (long)

A number of time units.

tcpRetryEvents -> (list)

Specify a valid value.

(string)

http2Route -> (structure)

An object that represents the specification of an HTTP/2 route.

action -> (structure)

An object that represents the action to take if a match is determined.

weightedTargets -> (list)

An object that represents the targets that traffic is routed to when a request matches the route.

(structure)

An object that represents a target and its relative weight. Traffic is distributed across targets according to their relative weight. For example, a weighted target with a relative weight of 50 receives five times as much traffic as one with a relative weight of 10. The total weight for all targets combined must be less than or equal to 100.

virtualNode -> (string)

The virtual node to associate with the weighted target.

weight -> (integer)

The relative weight of the weighted target.

match -> (structure)

An object that represents the criteria for determining a request match.

headers -> (list)

An object that represents the client request headers to match on.

(structure)

An object that represents the HTTP header in the request.

invert -> (boolean)

Specify True to match anything except the match criteria. The default value is False .

match -> (structure)

The HeaderMatchMethod object.

exact -> (string)

The value sent by the client must match the specified value exactly.

prefix -> (string)

The value sent by the client must begin with the specified characters.

range -> (structure)

An object that represents the range of values to match on.

end -> (long)

The end of the range.

start -> (long)

The start of the range.

regex -> (string)

The value sent by the client must include the specified characters.

suffix -> (string)

The value sent by the client must end with the specified characters.

name -> (string)

A name for the HTTP header in the client request that will be matched on.

method -> (string)

The client request method to match on. Specify only one.

prefix -> (string)

Specifies the path to match requests with. This parameter must always start with / , which by itself matches all requests to the virtual service name. You can also match for path-based routing of requests. For example, if your virtual service name is my-service.local and you want the route to match requests to my-service.local/metrics , your prefix should be /metrics .

scheme -> (string)

The client request scheme to match on. Specify only one.

retryPolicy -> (structure)

An object that represents a retry policy.

httpRetryEvents -> (list)

Specify at least one of the following values.

  • server-error – HTTP status codes 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 510, and 511
  • gateway-error – HTTP status codes 502, 503, and 504
  • client-error – HTTP status code 409
  • stream-error – Retry on refused stream

(string)

maxRetries -> (long)

The maximum number of retry attempts.

perRetryTimeout -> (structure)

An object that represents a duration of time.

unit -> (string)

A unit of time.

value -> (long)

A number of time units.

tcpRetryEvents -> (list)

Specify a valid value.

(string)

httpRoute -> (structure)

An object that represents the specification of an HTTP route.

action -> (structure)

An object that represents the action to take if a match is determined.

weightedTargets -> (list)

An object that represents the targets that traffic is routed to when a request matches the route.

(structure)

An object that represents a target and its relative weight. Traffic is distributed across targets according to their relative weight. For example, a weighted target with a relative weight of 50 receives five times as much traffic as one with a relative weight of 10. The total weight for all targets combined must be less than or equal to 100.

virtualNode -> (string)

The virtual node to associate with the weighted target.

weight -> (integer)

The relative weight of the weighted target.

match -> (structure)

An object that represents the criteria for determining a request match.

headers -> (list)

An object that represents the client request headers to match on.

(structure)

An object that represents the HTTP header in the request.

invert -> (boolean)

Specify True to match anything except the match criteria. The default value is False .

match -> (structure)

The HeaderMatchMethod object.

exact -> (string)

The value sent by the client must match the specified value exactly.

prefix -> (string)

The value sent by the client must begin with the specified characters.

range -> (structure)

An object that represents the range of values to match on.

end -> (long)

The end of the range.

start -> (long)

The start of the range.

regex -> (string)

The value sent by the client must include the specified characters.

suffix -> (string)

The value sent by the client must end with the specified characters.

name -> (string)

A name for the HTTP header in the client request that will be matched on.

method -> (string)

The client request method to match on. Specify only one.

prefix -> (string)

Specifies the path to match requests with. This parameter must always start with / , which by itself matches all requests to the virtual service name. You can also match for path-based routing of requests. For example, if your virtual service name is my-service.local and you want the route to match requests to my-service.local/metrics , your prefix should be /metrics .

scheme -> (string)

The client request scheme to match on. Specify only one.

retryPolicy -> (structure)

An object that represents a retry policy.

httpRetryEvents -> (list)

Specify at least one of the following values.

  • server-error – HTTP status codes 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 510, and 511
  • gateway-error – HTTP status codes 502, 503, and 504
  • client-error – HTTP status code 409
  • stream-error – Retry on refused stream

(string)

maxRetries -> (long)

The maximum number of retry attempts.

perRetryTimeout -> (structure)

An object that represents a duration of time.

unit -> (string)

A unit of time.

value -> (long)

A number of time units.

tcpRetryEvents -> (list)

Specify a valid value.

(string)

priority -> (integer)

The priority for the route. Routes are matched based on the specified value, where 0 is the highest priority.

tcpRoute -> (structure)

An object that represents the specification of a TCP route.

action -> (structure)

The action to take if a match is determined.

weightedTargets -> (list)

An object that represents the targets that traffic is routed to when a request matches the route.

(structure)

An object that represents a target and its relative weight. Traffic is distributed across targets according to their relative weight. For example, a weighted target with a relative weight of 50 receives five times as much traffic as one with a relative weight of 10. The total weight for all targets combined must be less than or equal to 100.

virtualNode -> (string)

The virtual node to associate with the weighted target.

weight -> (integer)

The relative weight of the weighted target.

status -> (structure)

The status of the route.

status -> (string)

The current status for the route.

virtualRouterName -> (string)

The virtual router that the route is associated with.