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User Guide

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[ aws . cloudfront ]



Create a new invalidation.

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.


--distribution-id <value>
[--invalidation-batch <value>]
[--paths <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]


--distribution-id (string)

The distribution's id.

--invalidation-batch (structure)

The batch information for the invalidation.

Shorthand Syntax:


JSON Syntax:

  "Paths": {
    "Quantity": integer,
    "Items": ["string", ...]
  "CallerReference": "string"

--paths (string) The space-separated paths to be invalidated. Note: --invalidation-batch and --paths are mututally exclusive.

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON distribution-id provided. The JSON distribution-id follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.


The following command creates an invalidation for a CloudFront distribution with the ID S11A16G5KZMEQD:

aws cloudfront create-invalidation --distribution-id S11A16G5KZMEQD \
  --paths /index.html /error.html

The --paths will automatically generate a random CallerReference every time.

Or you can use the following command to do the same thing, so that you can have a chance to specify your own CallerReference here:

aws cloudfront create-invalidation --invalidation-batch file://invbatch.json --distribution-id S11A16G5KZMEQD

The distribution ID is available in the output of create-distribution and list-distributions.

The file invbatch.json is a JSON document in the current folder that specifies two paths to invalidate:

  "Paths": {
    "Quantity": 2,
    "Items": ["/index.html", "/error.html"]
  "CallerReference": "my-invalidation-2015-09-01"

Output of both commands:

    "Invalidation": {
        "Status": "InProgress",
        "InvalidationBatch": {
            "Paths": {
                "Items": [
                "Quantity": 2
            "CallerReference": "my-invalidation-2015-09-01"
        "Id": "YNY2LI2BVJ4NJU",
        "CreateTime": "2015-08-31T21:15:52.042Z"
    "Location": ""


Location -> (string)

The fully qualified URI of the distribution and invalidation batch request, including the Invalidation ID .

Invalidation -> (structure)

The invalidation's information.

Id -> (string)

The identifier for the invalidation request. For example: IDFDVBD632BHDS5 .

Status -> (string)

The status of the invalidation request. When the invalidation batch is finished, the status is Completed .

CreateTime -> (timestamp)

The date and time the invalidation request was first made.

InvalidationBatch -> (structure)

The current invalidation information for the batch request.

Paths -> (structure)

A complex type that contains information about the objects that you want to invalidate. For more information, see Specifying the Objects to Invalidate in the Amazon CloudFront Developer Guide .

Quantity -> (integer)

The number of objects that you want to invalidate.

Items -> (list)

A complex type that contains a list of the paths that you want to invalidate.


CallerReference -> (string)

A value that you specify to uniquely identify an invalidation request. CloudFront uses the value to prevent you from accidentally resubmitting an identical request. Whenever you create a new invalidation request, you must specify a new value for CallerReference and change other values in the request as applicable. One way to ensure that the value of CallerReference is unique is to use a timestamp , for example, 20120301090000 .

If you make a second invalidation request with the same value for CallerReference , and if the rest of the request is the same, CloudFront doesn't create a new invalidation request. Instead, CloudFront returns information about the invalidation request that you previously created with the same CallerReference .

If CallerReference is a value you already sent in a previous invalidation batch request but the content of any Path is different from the original request, CloudFront returns an InvalidationBatchAlreadyExists error.