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[ aws . cloudwatch ]



Creates or updates a composite alarm . When you create a composite alarm, you specify a rule expression for the alarm that takes into account the alarm states of other alarms that you have created. The composite alarm goes into ALARM state only if all conditions of the rule are met.

The alarms specified in a composite alarm's rule expression can include metric alarms and other composite alarms.

Using composite alarms can reduce alarm noise. You can create multiple metric alarms, and also create a composite alarm and set up alerts only for the composite alarm. For example, you could create a composite alarm that goes into ALARM state only when more than one of the underlying metric alarms are in ALARM state.

Currently, the only alarm actions that can be taken by composite alarms are notifying SNS topics.


It is possible to create a loop or cycle of composite alarms, where composite alarm A depends on composite alarm B, and composite alarm B also depends on composite alarm A. In this scenario, you can't delete any composite alarm that is part of the cycle because there is always still a composite alarm that depends on that alarm that you want to delete.

To get out of such a situation, you must break the cycle by changing the rule of one of the composite alarms in the cycle to remove a dependency that creates the cycle. The simplest change to make to break a cycle is to change the AlarmRule of one of the alarms to False .

Additionally, the evaluation of composite alarms stops if CloudWatch detects a cycle in the evaluation path.

When this operation creates an alarm, the alarm state is immediately set to INSUFFICIENT_DATA . The alarm is then evaluated and its state is set appropriately. Any actions associated with the new state are then executed. For a composite alarm, this initial time after creation is the only time that the alarm can be in INSUFFICIENT_DATA state.

When you update an existing alarm, its state is left unchanged, but the update completely overwrites the previous configuration of the alarm.

If you are an IAM user, you must have iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole to create a composite alarm that has Systems Manager OpsItem actions.

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.


[--actions-enabled | --no-actions-enabled]
[--alarm-actions <value>]
[--alarm-description <value>]
--alarm-name <value>
--alarm-rule <value>
[--insufficient-data-actions <value>]
[--ok-actions <value>]
[--tags <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]


--actions-enabled | --no-actions-enabled (boolean)

Indicates whether actions should be executed during any changes to the alarm state of the composite alarm. The default is TRUE .

--alarm-actions (list)

The actions to execute when this alarm transitions to the ALARM state from any other state. Each action is specified as an Amazon Resource Name (ARN).

Valid Values: ``arn:aws:sns:region :account-id :sns-topic-name `` | ``arn:aws:ssm:region :account-id :opsitem:severity ``



"string" "string" ...

--alarm-description (string)

The description for the composite alarm.

--alarm-name (string)

The name for the composite alarm. This name must be unique within the Region.

--alarm-rule (string)

An expression that specifies which other alarms are to be evaluated to determine this composite alarm's state. For each alarm that you reference, you designate a function that specifies whether that alarm needs to be in ALARM state, OK state, or INSUFFICIENT_DATA state. You can use operators (AND, OR and NOT) to combine multiple functions in a single expression. You can use parenthesis to logically group the functions in your expression.

You can use either alarm names or ARNs to reference the other alarms that are to be evaluated.

Functions can include the following:

  • ALARM("*alarm-name* or *alarm-ARN* ") is TRUE if the named alarm is in ALARM state.
  • OK("*alarm-name* or *alarm-ARN* ") is TRUE if the named alarm is in OK state.
  • INSUFFICIENT_DATA("*alarm-name* or *alarm-ARN* ") is TRUE if the named alarm is in INSUFFICIENT_DATA state.
  • TRUE always evaluates to TRUE.
  • FALSE always evaluates to FALSE.

TRUE and FALSE are useful for testing a complex AlarmRule structure, and for testing your alarm actions.

Alarm names specified in AlarmRule can be surrounded with double-quotes ("), but do not have to be.

The following are some examples of AlarmRule :

  • ALARM(CPUUtilizationTooHigh) AND ALARM(DiskReadOpsTooHigh) specifies that the composite alarm goes into ALARM state only if both CPUUtilizationTooHigh and DiskReadOpsTooHigh alarms are in ALARM state.
  • ALARM(CPUUtilizationTooHigh) AND NOT ALARM(DeploymentInProgress) specifies that the alarm goes to ALARM state if CPUUtilizationTooHigh is in ALARM state and DeploymentInProgress is not in ALARM state. This example reduces alarm noise during a known deployment window.
  • (ALARM(CPUUtilizationTooHigh) OR ALARM(DiskReadOpsTooHigh)) AND OK(NetworkOutTooHigh) goes into ALARM state if CPUUtilizationTooHigh OR DiskReadOpsTooHigh is in ALARM state, and if NetworkOutTooHigh is in OK state. This provides another example of using a composite alarm to prevent noise. This rule ensures that you are not notified with an alarm action on high CPU or disk usage if a known network problem is also occurring.

The AlarmRule can specify as many as 100 "children" alarms. The AlarmRule expression can have as many as 500 elements. Elements are child alarms, TRUE or FALSE statements, and parentheses.

--insufficient-data-actions (list)

The actions to execute when this alarm transitions to the INSUFFICIENT_DATA state from any other state. Each action is specified as an Amazon Resource Name (ARN).

Valid Values: ``arn:aws:sns:region :account-id :sns-topic-name ``



"string" "string" ...

--ok-actions (list)

The actions to execute when this alarm transitions to an OK state from any other state. Each action is specified as an Amazon Resource Name (ARN).

Valid Values: ``arn:aws:sns:region :account-id :sns-topic-name ``



"string" "string" ...

--tags (list)

A list of key-value pairs to associate with the composite alarm. You can associate as many as 50 tags with an alarm.

Tags can help you organize and categorize your resources. You can also use them to scope user permissions, by granting a user permission to access or change only resources with certain tag values.


A key-value pair associated with a CloudWatch resource.

Key -> (string)

A string that you can use to assign a value. The combination of tag keys and values can help you organize and categorize your resources.

Value -> (string)

The value for the specified tag key.

Shorthand Syntax:

Key=string,Value=string ...

JSON Syntax:

    "Key": "string",
    "Value": "string"

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.