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[ aws . ec2 ]

create-flow-logs

Description

Creates one or more flow logs to capture information about IP traffic for a specific network interface, subnet, or VPC.

Flow log data for a monitored network interface is recorded as flow log records, which are log events consisting of fields that describe the traffic flow. For more information, see Flow log records in the Amazon Virtual Private Cloud User Guide .

When publishing to CloudWatch Logs, flow log records are published to a log group, and each network interface has a unique log stream in the log group. When publishing to Amazon S3, flow log records for all of the monitored network interfaces are published to a single log file object that is stored in the specified bucket.

For more information, see VPC Flow Logs in the Amazon Virtual Private Cloud User Guide .

See also: AWS API Documentation

Synopsis

  create-flow-logs
[--dry-run | --no-dry-run]
[--client-token <value>]
[--deliver-logs-permission-arn <value>]
[--deliver-cross-account-role <value>]
[--log-group-name <value>]
--resource-ids <value>
--resource-type <value>
[--traffic-type <value>]
[--log-destination-type <value>]
[--log-destination <value>]
[--log-format <value>]
[--tag-specifications <value>]
[--max-aggregation-interval <value>]
[--destination-options <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]
[--debug]
[--endpoint-url <value>]
[--no-verify-ssl]
[--no-paginate]
[--output <value>]
[--query <value>]
[--profile <value>]
[--region <value>]
[--version <value>]
[--color <value>]
[--no-sign-request]
[--ca-bundle <value>]
[--cli-read-timeout <value>]
[--cli-connect-timeout <value>]

Options

--dry-run | --no-dry-run (boolean)

Checks whether you have the required permissions for the action, without actually making the request, and provides an error response. If you have the required permissions, the error response is DryRunOperation . Otherwise, it is UnauthorizedOperation .

--client-token (string)

Unique, case-sensitive identifier that you provide to ensure the idempotency of the request. For more information, see How to ensure idempotency .

--deliver-logs-permission-arn (string)

The ARN of the IAM role that allows Amazon EC2 to publish flow logs to a CloudWatch Logs log group in your account.

This parameter is required if the destination type is cloud-watch-logs and unsupported otherwise.

--deliver-cross-account-role (string)

The ARN of the IAM role that allows Amazon EC2 to publish flow logs across accounts.

--log-group-name (string)

The name of a new or existing CloudWatch Logs log group where Amazon EC2 publishes your flow logs.

This parameter is valid only if the destination type is cloud-watch-logs .

--resource-ids (list)

The IDs of the resources to monitor. For example, if the resource type is VPC , specify the IDs of the VPCs.

Constraints: Maximum of 25 for transit gateway resource types. Maximum of 1000 for the other resource types.

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--resource-type (string)

The type of resource to monitor.

Possible values:

  • VPC
  • Subnet
  • NetworkInterface
  • TransitGateway
  • TransitGatewayAttachment

--traffic-type (string)

The type of traffic to monitor (accepted traffic, rejected traffic, or all traffic). This parameter is not supported for transit gateway resource types. It is required for the other resource types.

Possible values:

  • ACCEPT
  • REJECT
  • ALL

--log-destination-type (string)

The type of destination for the flow log data.

Default: cloud-watch-logs

Possible values:

  • cloud-watch-logs
  • s3
  • kinesis-data-firehose

--log-destination (string)

The destination for the flow log data. The meaning of this parameter depends on the destination type.

  • If the destination type is cloud-watch-logs , specify the ARN of a CloudWatch Logs log group. For example: arn:aws:logs:region :account_id :log-group:my_group Alternatively, use the LogGroupName parameter.
  • If the destination type is s3 , specify the ARN of an S3 bucket. For example: arn:aws:s3:::my_bucket /my_subfolder / The subfolder is optional. Note that you can't use AWSLogs as a subfolder name.
  • If the destination type is kinesis-data-firehose , specify the ARN of a Kinesis Data Firehose delivery stream. For example: arn:aws:firehose:region :account_id :deliverystream:my_stream

--log-format (string)

The fields to include in the flow log record. List the fields in the order in which they should appear. If you omit this parameter, the flow log is created using the default format. If you specify this parameter, you must include at least one field. For more information about the available fields, see Flow log records in the Amazon VPC User Guide or Transit Gateway Flow Log records in the Amazon Web Services Transit Gateway Guide .

Specify the fields using the ${field-id} format, separated by spaces. For the CLI, surround this parameter value with single quotes on Linux or double quotes on Windows.

--tag-specifications (list)

The tags to apply to the flow logs.

(structure)

The tags to apply to a resource when the resource is being created.

Note

The Valid Values lists all the resource types that can be tagged. However, the action you're using might not support tagging all of these resource types. If you try to tag a resource type that is unsupported for the action you're using, you'll get an error.

ResourceType -> (string)

The type of resource to tag on creation.

Tags -> (list)

The tags to apply to the resource.

(structure)

Describes a tag.

Key -> (string)

The key of the tag.

Constraints: Tag keys are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 127 Unicode characters. May not begin with aws: .

Value -> (string)

The value of the tag.

Constraints: Tag values are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 256 Unicode characters.

Shorthand Syntax:

ResourceType=string,Tags=[{Key=string,Value=string},{Key=string,Value=string}] ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "ResourceType": "capacity-reservation"|"client-vpn-endpoint"|"customer-gateway"|"carrier-gateway"|"coip-pool"|"dedicated-host"|"dhcp-options"|"egress-only-internet-gateway"|"elastic-ip"|"elastic-gpu"|"export-image-task"|"export-instance-task"|"fleet"|"fpga-image"|"host-reservation"|"image"|"import-image-task"|"import-snapshot-task"|"instance"|"instance-event-window"|"internet-gateway"|"ipam"|"ipam-pool"|"ipam-scope"|"ipv4pool-ec2"|"ipv6pool-ec2"|"key-pair"|"launch-template"|"local-gateway"|"local-gateway-route-table"|"local-gateway-virtual-interface"|"local-gateway-virtual-interface-group"|"local-gateway-route-table-vpc-association"|"local-gateway-route-table-virtual-interface-group-association"|"natgateway"|"network-acl"|"network-interface"|"network-insights-analysis"|"network-insights-path"|"network-insights-access-scope"|"network-insights-access-scope-analysis"|"placement-group"|"prefix-list"|"replace-root-volume-task"|"reserved-instances"|"route-table"|"security-group"|"security-group-rule"|"snapshot"|"spot-fleet-request"|"spot-instances-request"|"subnet"|"subnet-cidr-reservation"|"traffic-mirror-filter"|"traffic-mirror-session"|"traffic-mirror-target"|"transit-gateway"|"transit-gateway-attachment"|"transit-gateway-connect-peer"|"transit-gateway-multicast-domain"|"transit-gateway-policy-table"|"transit-gateway-route-table"|"transit-gateway-route-table-announcement"|"volume"|"vpc"|"vpc-endpoint"|"vpc-endpoint-connection"|"vpc-endpoint-service"|"vpc-endpoint-service-permission"|"vpc-peering-connection"|"vpn-connection"|"vpn-gateway"|"vpc-flow-log"|"capacity-reservation-fleet"|"traffic-mirror-filter-rule"|"vpc-endpoint-connection-device-type"|"verified-access-instance"|"verified-access-group"|"verified-access-endpoint"|"verified-access-policy"|"verified-access-trust-provider"|"vpn-connection-device-type",
    "Tags": [
      {
        "Key": "string",
        "Value": "string"
      }
      ...
    ]
  }
  ...
]

--max-aggregation-interval (integer)

The maximum interval of time during which a flow of packets is captured and aggregated into a flow log record. The possible values are 60 seconds (1 minute) or 600 seconds (10 minutes). This parameter must be 60 seconds for transit gateway resource types.

When a network interface is attached to a Nitro-based instance , the aggregation interval is always 60 seconds or less, regardless of the value that you specify.

Default: 600

--destination-options (structure)

The destination options.

FileFormat -> (string)

The format for the flow log. The default is plain-text .

HiveCompatiblePartitions -> (boolean)

Indicates whether to use Hive-compatible prefixes for flow logs stored in Amazon S3. The default is false .

PerHourPartition -> (boolean)

Indicates whether to partition the flow log per hour. This reduces the cost and response time for queries. The default is false .

Shorthand Syntax:

FileFormat=string,HiveCompatiblePartitions=boolean,PerHourPartition=boolean

JSON Syntax:

{
  "FileFormat": "plain-text"|"parquet",
  "HiveCompatiblePartitions": true|false,
  "PerHourPartition": true|false
}

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

Global Options

--debug (boolean)

Turn on debug logging.

--endpoint-url (string)

Override command's default URL with the given URL.

--no-verify-ssl (boolean)

By default, the AWS CLI uses SSL when communicating with AWS services. For each SSL connection, the AWS CLI will verify SSL certificates. This option overrides the default behavior of verifying SSL certificates.

--no-paginate (boolean)

Disable automatic pagination.

--output (string)

The formatting style for command output.

  • json
  • text
  • table

--query (string)

A JMESPath query to use in filtering the response data.

--profile (string)

Use a specific profile from your credential file.

--region (string)

The region to use. Overrides config/env settings.

--version (string)

Display the version of this tool.

--color (string)

Turn on/off color output.

  • on
  • off
  • auto

--no-sign-request (boolean)

Do not sign requests. Credentials will not be loaded if this argument is provided.

--ca-bundle (string)

The CA certificate bundle to use when verifying SSL certificates. Overrides config/env settings.

--cli-read-timeout (int)

The maximum socket read time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket read will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

--cli-connect-timeout (int)

The maximum socket connect time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket connect will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

Examples

Note

To use the following examples, you must have the AWS CLI installed and configured. See the Getting started guide in the AWS CLI User Guide for more information.

Unless otherwise stated, all examples have unix-like quotation rules. These examples will need to be adapted to your terminal's quoting rules. See Using quotation marks with strings in the AWS CLI User Guide .

Example 1: To create a flow log

The following create-flow-logs example creates a flow log that captures all rejected traffic for the specified network interface. The flow logs are delivered to a log group in CloudWatch Logs using the permissions in the specified IAM role.

aws ec2 create-flow-logs \
    --resource-type NetworkInterface \
    --resource-ids eni-11223344556677889 \
    --traffic-type REJECT \
    --log-group-name my-flow-logs \
    --deliver-logs-permission-arn arn:aws:iam::123456789101:role/publishFlowLogs

Output:

{
    "ClientToken": "so0eNA2uSHUNlHI0S2cJ305GuIX1CezaRdGtexample",
    "FlowLogIds": [
        "fl-12345678901234567"
    ],
    "Unsuccessful": []
}

For more information, see VPC Flow Logs in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Example 2: To create a flow log with a custom format

The following create-flow-logs example creates a flow log that captures all traffic for the specified VPC and delivers the flow logs to an Amazon S3 bucket. The --log-format parameter specifies a custom format for the flow log records. To run this command on Windows, change the single quotes (') to double quotes (").

aws ec2 create-flow-logs \
    --resource-type VPC \
    --resource-ids vpc-00112233344556677 \
    --traffic-type ALL \
    --log-destination-type s3 \
    --log-destination arn:aws:s3:::flow-log-bucket/my-custom-flow-logs/ \
    --log-format '${version} ${vpc-id} ${subnet-id} ${instance-id} ${srcaddr} ${dstaddr} ${srcport} ${dstport} ${protocol} ${tcp-flags} ${type} ${pkt-srcaddr} ${pkt-dstaddr}'

For more information, see VPC Flow Logs in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Example 3: To create a flow log with a one-minute maximum aggregation interval

The following create-flow-logs example creates a flow log that captures all traffic for the specified VPC and delivers the flow logs to an Amazon S3 bucket. The --max-aggregation-interval parameter specifies a maximum aggregation interval of 60 seconds (1 minute).

aws ec2 create-flow-logs \
    --resource-type VPC \
    --resource-ids vpc-00112233344556677 \
    --traffic-type ALL \
    --log-destination-type s3 \
    --log-destination arn:aws:s3:::flow-log-bucket/my-custom-flow-logs/ \
    --max-aggregation-interval 60

For more information, see VPC Flow Logs in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Output

ClientToken -> (string)

Unique, case-sensitive identifier that you provide to ensure the idempotency of the request.

FlowLogIds -> (list)

The IDs of the flow logs.

(string)

Unsuccessful -> (list)

Information about the flow logs that could not be created successfully.

(structure)

Information about items that were not successfully processed in a batch call.

Error -> (structure)

Information about the error.

Code -> (string)

The error code.

Message -> (string)

The error message accompanying the error code.

ResourceId -> (string)

The ID of the resource.