Installing past releases of the AWS CLI version 2 - AWS Command Line Interface

Installing past releases of the AWS CLI version 2

This topic describes how to install the past releases of the AWS Command Line Interface version 2 (AWS CLI) on supported operating systems. For information on the AWS CLI version 2 releases, see the AWS CLI version 2 change notes on GitHub.

Important

AWS CLI versions 1 and 2 use the same aws command name. If you have both versions installed, your computer uses the first one found in your search path. If you previously installed AWS CLI version 1, we recommend that you do one of the following to use AWS CLI version 2:

  • Recommended – Uninstall AWS CLI version 1 and use only AWS CLI version 2. For uninstall instructions, determine the method you used to install AWS CLI version 1 and follow the appropriate uninstall instructions for your operating system in Installing, updating, and uninstalling the AWS CLI version 1.

  • Use your operating system's ability to create a symbolic link (symlink) or alias with a different name for one of the two aws commands. For example, you can use a symbolic link or alias on Linux and macOS, or DOSKEY on Windows.

For information on breaking changes between version 1 and version 2, see Breaking changes – Migrating from AWS CLI version 1 to version 2.

AWS CLI version 2 installation instructions:

Installation requirements

  • You know which release of the AWS CLI version 2 you'd like to install. For a list of versions, see the AWS CLI version 2 changelog on GitHub.

  • You must be able to extract or "unzip" the downloaded package. If your operating system doesn't have the built-in unzip command, use an equivalent.

  • The AWS CLI version 2 uses glibc, groff, and less. These are included by default in most major distributions of Linux.

  • We support the AWS CLI version 2 on 64-bit versions of recent distributions of CentOS, Fedora, Ubuntu, Amazon Linux 1, Amazon Linux 2 and Linux ARM.

  • Because AWS doesn't maintain third-party repositories, we can’t guarantee that they contain the latest version of the AWS CLI.

Installation instructions

Follow these steps from the command line to install the AWS CLI on Linux.

We provide the steps in one easy to copy and paste group based on whether you use 64-bit Linux or Linux ARM. See the descriptions of each line in the steps that follow.

Linux x86 (64-bit)

To specify a version, append a hyphen and the version number to the filename. For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be awscli-exe-linux-x86_64-2.0.30.zip resulting in the following command:

$ curl "https://awscli.amazonaws.com/awscli-exe-linux-x86_64-2.0.30.zip" -o "awscliv2.zip"

For a list of versions, see the AWS CLI version 2 changelog on GitHub.

Linux ARM

To specify a version, append a hyphen and the version number to the filename. For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be awscli-exe-linux-aarch64-2.0.30.zip resulting in the following command:

$ curl "https://awscli.amazonaws.com/awscli-exe-linux-aarch64-2.0.30.zip" -o "awscliv2.zip"

For a list of versions, see the AWS CLI version 2 changelog on GitHub.

  1. Download the installation file in one of the following ways:

    Linux x86 (64-bit)
    • Use the curl command – The -o option specifies the file name that the downloaded package is written to. The options on the following example command write the downloaded file to the current directory with the local name awscliv2.zip.

      To specify a version, append a hyphen and the version number to the filename. For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be awscli-exe-linux-x86_64-2.0.30.zip resulting in the following command:

      $ curl "https://awscli.amazonaws.com/awscli-exe-linux-x86_64-2.0.30.zip" -o "awscliv2.zip" unzip awscliv2.zip sudo ./aws/install

      For a list of versions, see the AWS CLI version 2 changelog on GitHub.

    • Downloading from the URL

      In your browser, download your specific version of the AWS CLI by appending a hyphen and the version number to the filename.

      https://awscli.amazonaws.com/awscli-exe-linux-x86_64-version.number.zip

      For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be awscli-exe-linux-aarch64-2.0.30.zip resulting in the following link: awscli-exe-linux-aarch64-2.0.30.zip

      (Optional) To verify the integrity and authenticity of your downloaded installation file before you unpack the package, follow the instructions in (Optional) Verifying the integrity of your downloaded zip file.

    Linux ARM
    • Use the curl command – The -o option specifies the file name that the downloaded package is written to. The options on the following example command write the downloaded file to the current directory with the local name awscliv2.zip.

      To specify a version, append a hyphen and the version number to the filename. For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be awscli-exe-linux-aarch64-2.0.30.zip resulting in the following command:

      $ curl "https://awscli.amazonaws.com/awscli-exe-linux-aarch64-2.0.30.zip" -o "awscliv2.zip" unzip awscliv2.zip sudo ./aws/install
    • Downloading from the URL

      In your browser, download your specific version of the AWS CLI by appending a hyphen and the version number to the filename.

      https://awscli.amazonaws.com/awscli-exe-linux-aarch64-version.number.zip

      For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be awscli-exe-linux-aarch64-2.0.30.zip resulting in the following link: awscli-exe-linux-aarch64-2.0.30.zip

      (Optional) To verify the integrity and authenticity of your downloaded installation file before you unpack the package, follow the instructions in (Optional) Verifying the integrity of your downloaded zip file.

  2. Unzip the installer. If your Linux distribution doesn't have a built-in unzip command, use an equivalent to unzip it. The following example command unzips the package and creates a directory named aws under the current directory.

    $ unzip awscliv2.zip
  3. Run the install program. The installation command uses a file named install in the newly unzipped aws directory. By default, the files are all installed to /usr/local/aws-cli, and a symbolic link is created in /usr/local/bin. The command includes sudo to grant write permissions to those directories.

    $ sudo ./aws/install

    You can install without sudo if you specify directories that you already have write permissions to. Use the following instructions for the install command to specify the installation location:

    • Ensure that the paths you provide to the -i and -b parameters contain no volume name or directory names that contain any space characters or other white space characters. If there is a space, the installation fails.

    • --install-dir or -i – This option specifies the directory to copy all of the files to.

      The default value is /usr/local/aws-cli.

    • --bin-dir or -b – This option specifies that the main aws program in the install directory is symbolically linked to the file aws in the specified path. You must have write permissions to the specified directory. Creating a symlink to a directory that is already in your path eliminates the need to add the install directory to the user's $PATH variable.

      The default value is /usr/local/bin.

    $ ./aws/install -i /usr/local/aws-cli -b /usr/local/bin
    Note

    To update your current installation of the AWS CLI version 2 to a newer version, add your existing symlink and installer information to construct the install command with the --update parameter.

    $ sudo ./aws/install --bin-dir /usr/local/bin --install-dir /usr/local/aws-cli --update

    To locate the existing symlink and installation directory, use the following steps:

    1. Use the which command to find your symlink. This gives you the path to use with the --bin-dir parameter.

      $ which aws /usr/local/bin/aws
    2. Use the ls command to find the directory that your symlink points to. This gives you the path to use with the --install-dir parameter.

      $ ls -l /usr/local/bin/aws lrwxrwxrwx 1 ec2-user ec2-user 49 Oct 22 09:49 /usr/local/bin/aws -> /usr/local/aws-cli/v2/current/bin/aws
  4. Confirm the installation with the following command.

    $ aws --version aws-cli/2.3.7 Python/3.8.8 Linux/4.14.133-113.105.amzn2.x86_64 botocore/2.0.0

    If the aws command cannot be found, you may need to restart your terminal or follow the instructions in Adding the AWS CLI to your path.

(Optional) Verifying the integrity of your downloaded zip file

If you chose to manually download the AWS CLI version 2 installer package .zip in the above steps, you use can use the following steps to verify the signatures by using the GnuPG tool.

The AWS CLI version 2 installer package .zip files are cryptographically signed using PGP signatures. If there is any damage or alteration of the files, this verification fails and you should not proceed with installation.

  1. Download and install the gpg command using your package manager. For more information about GnuPG, see the GnuPG website.

  2. To create the public key file, create a text file and paste in the following text.

    -----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK----- mQINBF2Cr7UBEADJZHcgusOJl7ENSyumXh85z0TRV0xJorM2B/JL0kHOyigQluUG ZMLhENaG0bYatdrKP+3H91lvK050pXwnO/R7fB/FSTouki4ciIx5OuLlnJZIxSzx PqGl0mkxImLNbGWoi6Lto0LYxqHN2iQtzlwTVmq9733zd3XfcXrZ3+LblHAgEt5G TfNxEKJ8soPLyWmwDH6HWCnjZ/aIQRBTIQ05uVeEoYxSh6wOai7ss/KveoSNBbYz gbdzoqI2Y8cgH2nbfgp3DSasaLZEdCSsIsK1u05CinE7k2qZ7KgKAUIcT/cR/grk C6VwsnDU0OUCideXcQ8WeHutqvgZH1JgKDbznoIzeQHJD238GEu+eKhRHcz8/jeG 94zkcgJOz3KbZGYMiTh277Fvj9zzvZsbMBCedV1BTg3TqgvdX4bdkhf5cH+7NtWO lrFj6UwAsGukBTAOxC0l/dnSmZhJ7Z1KmEWilro/gOrjtOxqRQutlIqG22TaqoPG fYVN+en3Zwbt97kcgZDwqbuykNt64oZWc4XKCa3mprEGC3IbJTBFqglXmZ7l9ywG EEUJYOlb2XrSuPWml39beWdKM8kzr1OjnlOm6+lpTRCBfo0wa9F8YZRhHPAkwKkX XDeOGpWRj4ohOx0d2GWkyV5xyN14p2tQOCdOODmz80yUTgRpPVQUtOEhXQARAQAB tCFBV1MgQ0xJIFRlYW0gPGF3cy1jbGlAYW1hem9uLmNvbT6JAlQEEwEIAD4WIQT7 Xbd/1cEYuAURraimMQrMRnJHXAUCXYKvtQIbAwUJB4TOAAULCQgHAgYVCgkICwIE FgIDAQIeAQIXgAAKCRCmMQrMRnJHXJIXEAChLUIkg80uPUkGjE3jejvQSA1aWuAM yzy6fdpdlRUz6M6nmsUhOExjVIvibEJpzK5mhuSZ4lb0vJ2ZUPgCv4zs2nBd7BGJ MxKiWgBReGvTdqZ0SzyYH4PYCJSE732x/Fw9hfnh1dMTXNcrQXzwOmmFNNegG0Ox au+VnpcR5Kz3smiTrIwZbRudo1ijhCYPQ7t5CMp9kjC6bObvy1hSIg2xNbMAN/Do ikebAl36uA6Y/Uczjj3GxZW4ZWeFirMidKbtqvUz2y0UFszobjiBSqZZHCreC34B hw9bFNpuWC/0SrXgohdsc6vK50pDGdV5kM2qo9tMQ/izsAwTh/d/GzZv8H4lV9eO tEis+EpR497PaxKKh9tJf0N6Q1YLRHof5xePZtOIlS3gfvsH5hXA3HJ9yIxb8T0H QYmVr3aIUes20i6meI3fuV36VFupwfrTKaL7VXnsrK2fq5cRvyJLNzXucg0WAjPF RrAGLzY7nP1xeg1a0aeP+pdsqjqlPJom8OCWc1+6DWbg0jsC74WoesAqgBItODMB rsal1y/q+bPzpsnWjzHV8+1/EtZmSc8ZUGSJOPkfC7hObnfkl18h+1QtKTjZme4d H17gsBJr+opwJw/Zio2LMjQBOqlm3K1A4zFTh7wBC7He6KPQea1p2XAMgtvATtNe YLZATHZKTJyiqA== =vYOk -----END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----

    For reference, the following are the details of the public key.

    Key ID: A6310ACC4672 Type: RSA Size: 4096/4096 Created: 2019-09-18 Expires: 2023-09-17 User ID: AWS CLI Team <aws-cli@amazon.com> Key fingerprint: FB5D B77F D5C1 18B8 0511 ADA8 A631 0ACC 4672 475C
  3. Import the AWS CLI public key with the following command, substituting public-key-file-name with the file name of the public key you created.

    $ gpg --import public-key-file-name gpg: /home/username/.gnupg/trustdb.gpg: trustdb created gpg: key A6310ACC4672475C: public key "AWS CLI Team <aws-cli@amazon.com>" imported gpg: Total number processed: 1 gpg: imported: 1
  4. Download the AWS CLI signature file for the package you downloaded. It has the same path and name as the .zip file it corresponds to, but has the extension .sig. In the following examples, we save it to the current directory as a file named awscliv2.sig.

    Linux x86 (64-bit)

    For the latest version of the AWS CLI, use the following command block:

    $ curl -o awscliv2.sig https://awscli.amazonaws.com/awscli-exe-linux-x86_64.zip.sig

    For a specific version of the AWS CLI, append a hyphen and the version number to the filename. For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be awscli-exe-linux-x86_64-2.0.30.zip.sig resulting in the following command:

    $ curl -o awscliv2.sig https://awscli.amazonaws.com/awscli-exe-linux-x86_64-2.0.30.zip.sig

    For a list of versions, see the AWS CLI version 2 changelog on GitHub.

    Linux ARM

    For the latest version of the AWS CLI, use the following command block:

    $ curl -o awscliv2.sig https://awscli.amazonaws.com/awscli-exe-linux-aarch64.zip.sig

    For a specific version of the AWS CLI, append a hyphen and the version number to the filename. For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be awscli-exe-linux-aarch64-2.0.30.zip.sig resulting in the following command:

    $ curl -o awscliv2.sig https://awscli.amazonaws.com/awscli-exe-linux-aarch64-2.0.30.zip.sig

    For a list of versions, see the AWS CLI version 2 changelog on GitHub.

  5. Verify the signature, passing both the downloaded .sig and .zip file names as parameters to the gpg command.

    $ gpg --verify awscliv2.sig awscliv2.zip

    The output should look similar to the following.

    gpg: Signature made Mon Nov 4 19:00:01 2019 PST gpg: using RSA key FB5D B77F D5C1 18B8 0511 ADA8 A631 0ACC 4672 475C gpg: Good signature from "AWS CLI Team <aws-cli@amazon.com>" [unknown] gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature! gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner. Primary key fingerprint: FB5D B77F D5C1 18B8 0511 ADA8 A631 0ACC 4672 475C
    Important

    The warning in the output is expected and doesn't indicate a problem. It occurs because there isn't a chain of trust between your personal PGP key (if you have one) and the AWS CLI PGP key. For more information, see Web of trust.

Installation requirements

  • You know which release of the AWS CLI version 2 you'd like to install. For a list of versions, see the AWS CLI version 2 changelog on GitHub.

  • We support the AWS CLI version 2 on Apple-supported versions of 64-bit macOS.

  • Because AWS doesn't maintain third-party repositories, we can’t guarantee that they contain the latest version of the AWS CLI.

Installation instructions

You can install the AWS CLI version 2 on macOS in the following ways.

GUI installer

The following steps show how to install or update to the latest version of the AWS CLI version 2 by using the standard macOS user interface and your browser. If you are updating to the latest version, use the same installation method that you used for your current version.

  1. In your browser, download your specific version of the AWS CLI by appending a hyphen and the version number to the filename.

    https://awscli.amazonaws.com/AWSCLIV2-version.number.pkg

    For this example, the filename for version 2.0.30 would be AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.pkg resulting in the following link: https://awscli.amazonaws.com/AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.pkg.

  2. Run your downloaded file and follow the on-screen instructions. You can choose to install the AWS CLI version 2 in the following ways:

    • For all users on the computer (requires sudo)

      • You can install to any folder, or choose the recommended default folder of /usr/local/aws-cli.

      • The installer automatically creates a symlink at /usr/local/bin/aws that links to the main program in the installation folder you chose.

    • For only the current user (doesn't require sudo)

      • You can install to any folder to which you have write permission.

      • Due to standard user permissions, after the installer finishes, you must manually create a symlink file in your $PATH that points to the aws and aws_completer programs by using the following commands at the command prompt. If your $PATH includes a folder you can write to, you can run the following command without sudo if you specify that folder as the target's path. If you don't have a writable folder in your $PATH, you must use sudo in the commands to get permissions to write to the specified target folder. The default location for a symlink is /usr/local/bin/.

        $ sudo ln -s /folder/installed/aws-cli/aws /usr/local/bin/aws $ sudo ln -s /folder/installed/aws-cli/aws_completer /usr/local/bin/aws_completer
    Note

    You can view debug logs for the installation by pressing Cmd+L anywhere in the installer. This opens a log pane that enables you to filter and save the log. The log file is also automatically saved to /var/log/install.log.

  3. To verify that the shell can find and run the aws command in your $PATH, use the following commands.

    $ which aws /usr/local/bin/aws $ aws --version aws-cli/2.3.7 Python/3.8.8 Darwin/18.7.0 botocore/2.0.0

    If the aws command cannot be found, you may need to restart your terminal or follow the instructions in Adding the AWS CLI to your path.

Command line installer - All users

If you have sudo permissions, you can install the AWS CLI version 2 for all users on the computer. We provide the steps in one easy to copy and paste group. See the descriptions of each line in the following steps.

For a specific version of the AWS CLI, append a hyphen and the version number to the filename. For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.pkg resulting in the following command:

$ curl "https://awscli.amazonaws.com/AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.pkg" -o "AWSCLIV2.pkg" $ sudo installer -pkg AWSCLIV2.pkg -target /
  1. Download the file using the curl command. The -o option specifies the file name that the downloaded package is written to. In this example, the file is written to AWSCLIV2.pkg in the current folder.

    For a specific version of the AWS CLI, append a hyphen and the version number to the filename. For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.pkg resulting in the following command:

    $ curl "https://awscli.amazonaws.com/AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.pkg" -o "AWSCLIV2.pkg"

    For a list of versions, see the AWS CLI version 2 changelog on GitHub.

  2. Run the standard macOS installer program, specifying the downloaded .pkg file as the source. Use the -pkg parameter to specify the name of the package to install, and the -target / parameter for which drive to install the package to. The files are installed to /usr/local/aws-cli, and a symlink is automatically created in /usr/local/bin. You must include sudo on the command to grant write permissions to those folders.

    $ sudo installer -pkg ./AWSCLIV2.pkg -target /

    After installation is complete, debug logs are written to /var/log/install.log.

  3. To verify that the shell can find and run the aws command in your $PATH, use the following commands.

    $ which aws /usr/local/bin/aws $ aws --version aws-cli/2.3.7 Python/3.8.8 Darwin/18.7.0 botocore/2.0.0

    If the aws command cannot be found, you may need to restart your terminal or follow the instructions in Adding the AWS CLI to your path.

Command line - Current user
  1. To specify which folder the AWS CLI is installed to, you must create an XML file. This file is an XML-formatted file that looks like the following example. Leave all values as shown, except you must replace the path /Users/myusername in line 9 with the path to the folder you want the AWS CLI version 2 installed to. The folder must already exist, or the command fails. This XML example specifies that the installer installs the AWS CLI in the folder /Users/myusername, where it creates a folder named aws-cli.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd"> <plist version="1.0"> <array> <dict> <key>choiceAttribute</key> <string>customLocation</string> <key>attributeSetting</key> <string>/Users/myusername</string> <key>choiceIdentifier</key> <string>default</string> </dict> </array> </plist>
  2. Download the pkg installer using the curl command. The -o option specifies the file name that the downloaded package is written to. In this example, the file is written to AWSCLIV2.pkg in the current folder.

    For the specific version of the AWS CLI, append a hyphen and the version number to the filename. For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.pkg resulting in the following command:

    $ curl "https://awscli.amazonaws.com/AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.pkg" -o "AWSCLIV2.pkg"

    For a list of versions, see the AWS CLI version 2 changelog on GitHub.

  3. Run the standard macOS installer program with the following options:

    • Specify the name of the package to install by using the -pkg parameter.

    • Specify installing to a current user only by setting the -target parameter to CurrentUserHomeDirectory.

    • Specify the path (relative to the current folder) and name of the XML file that you created in the -applyChoiceChangesXML parameter.

    The following example installs the AWS CLI in the folder /Users/myusername/aws-cli.

    $ installer -pkg AWSCLIV2.pkg \ -target CurrentUserHomeDirectory \ -applyChoiceChangesXML choices.xml
  4. Because standard user permissions typically don't allow writing to folders in your $PATH, the installer in this mode doesn't try to add the symlinks to the aws and aws_completer programs. For the AWS CLI to run correctly, you must manually create the symlinks after the installer finishes. If your $PATH includes a folder you can write to and you specify the folder as the target's path, you can run the following command without sudo. If you don't have a writable folder in your $PATH, you must use sudo for permissions to write to the specified target folder. The default location for a symlink is /usr/local/bin/.

    $ sudo ln -s /folder/installed/aws-cli/aws /usr/local/bin/aws $ sudo ln -s /folder/installed/aws-cli/aws_completer /usr/local/bin/aws_completer

    After installation is complete, debug logs are written to /var/log/install.log.

  5. To verify that the shell can find and run the aws command in your $PATH, use the following commands.

    $ which aws /usr/local/bin/aws $ aws --version aws-cli/2.3.7 Python/3.8.8 Darwin/18.7.0 botocore/2.0.0

    If the aws command cannot be found, you may need to restart your terminal or follow the instructions in Adding the AWS CLI to your path.

Installation requirements

  • You know which release of the AWS CLI version 2 you'd like to install. For a list of versions, see the AWS CLI version 2 changelog on GitHub.

  • A 64-bit version of Windows XP or later.

  • Admin rights to install software

Installation instructions

To update your current installation of AWS CLI version 2 on Windows, download a new installer each time you update to overwrite previous versions. AWS CLI is updated regularly. To see when the latest version was released, see the AWS CLI version 2 changelog on GitHub.

  1. Download and run the AWS CLI MSI installer for Windows (64-bit) in one of the following ways:

    • Downloading and running the MSI installer: To create your download link for a specific version of the AWS CLI, append a hyphen and the version number to the filename.

      https://awscli.amazonaws.com/AWSCLIV2-version.number.msi

      For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.msi resulting in the following link: https://awscli.amazonaws.com/AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.msi.

    • Using the msiexec command: Alternatively, you can use the MSI installer by adding the link to the msiexec command. For a specific version of the AWS CLI, append a hyphen and the version number to the filename.

      C:\> msiexec.exe /i https://awscli.amazonaws.com/AWSCLIV2-version.number.msi

      For this example the filename for version 2.0.30 would be AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.msi resulting in the following link https://awscli.amazonaws.com/AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.msi.

      C:\> msiexec.exe /i https://awscli.amazonaws.com/AWSCLIV2-2.0.30.msi

      For various parameters that can be used with msiexec, see msiexec on the Microsoft Docs website.

    For a list of versions, see the AWS CLI version 2 changelog on GitHub.

  2. To confirm the installation, open the Start menu, search for cmd to open a command prompt window, and at the command prompt use the aws --version command.

    C:\> aws --version aws-cli/2.3.7 Python/3.8.8 Windows/10 exe/AMD64 prompt/off

    If Windows is unable to find the program, you might need to close and reopen the command prompt window to refresh the path, or Adding the AWS CLI to your path.

Next steps

After completing the steps in Prerequisites to use the AWS CLI version 2 and installing the AWS CLI, you should perform a Quick setup.