Amazon Elastic File System-Beispielvorlage - AWS CloudFormation

Amazon Elastic File System-Beispielvorlage

Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) ist ein Dateispeicherservice für Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud-, (Amazon EC2)-Instances. Mit Amazon EFS haben ihre Anwendungen Speicher, wenn sie ihn benötigen, da die Speicherkapazität automatisch wächst oder sinkt, wenn Sie Dateien hinzufügen oder entfernen.

Die folgende Beispielvorlage stellt EC2-Instances (in einer Auto Scaling-Gruppe), die mit einem Amazon EFS-Dateisystem verknüpft sind. Um die Instances mit dem Dateisystem zu verknüpfen, führen die Instances das cfn-init Hilfsskript aus, das den nfs-utils runterlädt und installiert, yum package erstellt ein neues Verzeichnis und verwendet den DNS-Namen des Dateisystems um das Dateisystem am Verzeichnis zu mounten. Der DNS-Name des Dateisystems wird in die IP-Adresse in der eines Mount-Ziels in der Availability Zone der Amazon EC2-Instance aufgelöst. Weitere Informationen über den DNS-Namenstruktur finden sie unter Mounting von Dateisystemen im Amazon Elastic File System-Benutzerhandbuch.

Um die Network File System Aktivität zu messen, enthält die Vorlage benutzerdefinierte Amazon CloudWatch-Metriken. Die Vorlage erstellt außerdem eine VPC, Subnetz und Sicherheitsgruppen. Um die Instances mit dem Dateisystem kommunizieren zu lassen, muss der VPC DNS aktiviert haben, Mountingziel und die EC2-Instances müssen sich der selben Availability Zone (AZ) befinden, diese wird vom Subnetz angegeben.

Die Sicherheitsgruppe des Mountingziels ermöglicht eine Netzwerkverbindung mit dem TCP-Port 2049, die für einen NFSv4 Client erforderlich ist, um ein Dateisystem zu mounten. Weitere Informationen zu Sicherheitsgruppen für EC2-Instances und Mountingzielen finden Sie unter Sicherheit in Amazon Elastic File System-Benutzerhandbuch.

Anmerkung

Wenn Sie eine Aktualisierung des Mountingziels durchführen, dass zu einer Ersetzung führt, werden Instances oder Anwendungen die von den verknüpften Dateisystemen verwenden werden, möglicherweise unterbrochen. Dies kann dazu führen, dass nicht festgeschriebene Schreibvorgänge verloren gehen. Um Unterbrechungen zu vermeiden, beenden Sie Ihre Instances, wenn Sie das Mountingziel aktualisieren, indem Sie die gewünschte Kapazität auf Null setzen. Auf diese Weise können die Instances das Mounting des Dateisystems aufheben, bevor das Mountingziel gelöscht wird. Nachdem die Mount-Aktualisierung abgeschlossen ist, starten Sie Ihre Instances in einer nachfolgenden Aktualisierung, indem Sie die gewünschte Kapazitäten setzen.

JSON

{ "AWSTemplateFormatVersion": "2010-09-09", "Description": "This template creates an Amazon EFS file system and mount target and associates it with Amazon EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group. **WARNING** This template creates Amazon EC2 instances and related resources. You will be billed for the AWS resources used if you create a stack from this template.", "Parameters": { "InstanceType" : { "Description" : "WebServer EC2 instance type", "Type" : "String", "Default" : "t2.small", "AllowedValues" : [ "t1.micro", "t2.nano", "t2.micro", "t2.small", "t2.medium", "t2.large", "m1.small", "m1.medium", "m1.large", "m1.xlarge", "m2.xlarge", "m2.2xlarge", "m2.4xlarge", "m3.medium", "m3.large", "m3.xlarge", "m3.2xlarge", "m4.large", "m4.xlarge", "m4.2xlarge", "m4.4xlarge", "m4.10xlarge", "c1.medium", "c1.xlarge", "c3.large", "c3.xlarge", "c3.2xlarge", "c3.4xlarge", "c3.8xlarge", "c4.large", "c4.xlarge", "c4.2xlarge", "c4.4xlarge", "c4.8xlarge", "g2.2xlarge", "g2.8xlarge", "r3.large", "r3.xlarge", "r3.2xlarge", "r3.4xlarge", "r3.8xlarge", "i2.xlarge", "i2.2xlarge", "i2.4xlarge", "i2.8xlarge", "d2.xlarge", "d2.2xlarge", "d2.4xlarge", "d2.8xlarge", "hi1.4xlarge", "hs1.8xlarge", "cr1.8xlarge", "cc2.8xlarge", "cg1.4xlarge" ], "ConstraintDescription" : "must be a valid EC2 instance type." }, "KeyName": { "Type": "AWS::EC2::KeyPair::KeyName", "Description": "Name of an existing EC2 key pair to enable SSH access to the EC2 instances" }, "AsgMaxSize": { "Type": "Number", "Description": "Maximum size and initial desired capacity of Auto Scaling Group", "Default": "2" }, "SSHLocation" : { "Description" : "The IP address range that can be used to connect to the EC2 instances by using SSH", "Type": "String", "MinLength": "9", "MaxLength": "18", "Default": "0.0.0.0/0", "AllowedPattern": "(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})/(\\d{1,2})", "ConstraintDescription": "must be a valid IP CIDR range of the form x.x.x.x/x." }, "VolumeName" : { "Description" : "The name to be used for the EFS volume", "Type": "String", "MinLength": "1", "Default": "myEFSvolume" }, "MountPoint" : { "Description" : "The Linux mount point for the EFS volume", "Type": "String", "MinLength": "1", "Default": "myEFSvolume" } }, "Mappings" : { "AWSInstanceType2Arch" : { "t1.micro" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "t2.nano" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "t2.micro" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "t2.small" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "t2.medium" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "t2.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m1.small" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m1.medium" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m1.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m1.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m2.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m2.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m3.medium" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m3.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m3.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m3.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m4.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m4.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m4.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m4.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "m4.10xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "c1.medium" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "c1.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "c3.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "c3.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "c3.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "c3.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "c3.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "c4.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "c4.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "c4.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "c4.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "c4.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "g2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVMG2" }, "g2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVMG2" }, "r3.large" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "r3.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "r3.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "r3.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "r3.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "i2.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "i2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "i2.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "i2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "d2.xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "d2.2xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "d2.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "d2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "hi1.4xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "hs1.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "cr1.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" }, "cc2.8xlarge" : { "Arch" : "HVM64" } }, "AWSRegionArch2AMI" : { "us-east-1" : {"HVM64" : "ami-0ff8a91507f77f867", "HVMG2" : "ami-0a584ac55a7631c0c"}, "us-west-2" : {"HVM64" : "ami-a0cfeed8", "HVMG2" : "ami-0e09505bc235aa82d"}, "us-west-1" : {"HVM64" : "ami-0bdb828fd58c52235", "HVMG2" : "ami-066ee5fd4a9ef77f1"}, "eu-west-1" : {"HVM64" : "ami-047bb4163c506cd98", "HVMG2" : "ami-0a7c483d527806435"}, "eu-west-2" : {"HVM64" : "ami-f976839e", "HVMG2" : "NOT_SUPPORTED"}, "eu-west-3" : {"HVM64" : "ami-0ebc281c20e89ba4b", "HVMG2" : "NOT_SUPPORTED"}, "eu-central-1" : {"HVM64" : "ami-0233214e13e500f77", "HVMG2" : "ami-06223d46a6d0661c7"}, "ap-northeast-1" : {"HVM64" : "ami-06cd52961ce9f0d85", "HVMG2" : "ami-053cdd503598e4a9d"}, "ap-northeast-2" : {"HVM64" : "ami-0a10b2721688ce9d2", "HVMG2" : "NOT_SUPPORTED"}, "ap-northeast-3" : {"HVM64" : "ami-0d98120a9fb693f07", "HVMG2" : "NOT_SUPPORTED"}, "ap-southeast-1" : {"HVM64" : "ami-08569b978cc4dfa10", "HVMG2" : "ami-0be9df32ae9f92309"}, "ap-southeast-2" : {"HVM64" : "ami-09b42976632b27e9b", "HVMG2" : "ami-0a9ce9fecc3d1daf8"}, "ap-south-1" : {"HVM64" : "ami-0912f71e06545ad88", "HVMG2" : "ami-097b15e89dbdcfcf4"}, "us-east-2" : {"HVM64" : "ami-0b59bfac6be064b78", "HVMG2" : "NOT_SUPPORTED"}, "ca-central-1" : {"HVM64" : "ami-0b18956f", "HVMG2" : "NOT_SUPPORTED"}, "sa-east-1" : {"HVM64" : "ami-07b14488da8ea02a0", "HVMG2" : "NOT_SUPPORTED"}, "cn-north-1" : {"HVM64" : "ami-0a4eaf6c4454eda75", "HVMG2" : "NOT_SUPPORTED"}, "cn-northwest-1" : {"HVM64" : "ami-6b6a7d09", "HVMG2" : "NOT_SUPPORTED"} } }, "Resources": { "CloudWatchPutMetricsRole" : { "Type" : "AWS::IAM::Role", "Properties" : { "AssumeRolePolicyDocument" : { "Statement" : [ { "Effect" : "Allow", "Principal" : { "Service" : [ "ec2.amazonaws.com" ] }, "Action" : [ "sts:AssumeRole" ] } ] }, "Path" : "/" } }, "CloudWatchPutMetricsRolePolicy" : { "Type" : "AWS::IAM::Policy", "Properties" : { "PolicyName" : "CloudWatch_PutMetricData", "PolicyDocument" : { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "CloudWatchPutMetricData", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": ["cloudwatch:PutMetricData"], "Resource": ["*"] } ] }, "Roles" : [ { "Ref" : "CloudWatchPutMetricsRole" } ] } }, "CloudWatchPutMetricsInstanceProfile" : { "Type" : "AWS::IAM::InstanceProfile", "Properties" : { "Path" : "/", "Roles" : [ { "Ref" : "CloudWatchPutMetricsRole" } ] } }, "VPC": { "Type": "AWS::EC2::VPC", "Properties": { "EnableDnsSupport" : "true", "EnableDnsHostnames" : "true", "CidrBlock": "10.0.0.0/16", "Tags": [ {"Key": "Application", "Value": { "Ref": "AWS::StackId"} } ] } }, "InternetGateway" : { "Type" : "AWS::EC2::InternetGateway", "Properties" : { "Tags" : [ { "Key" : "Application", "Value" : { "Ref" : "AWS::StackName" } }, { "Key" : "Network", "Value" : "Public" } ] } }, "GatewayToInternet" : { "Type" : "AWS::EC2::VPCGatewayAttachment", "Properties" : { "VpcId" : { "Ref" : "VPC" }, "InternetGatewayId" : { "Ref" : "InternetGateway" } } }, "RouteTable":{ "Type":"AWS::EC2::RouteTable", "Properties":{ "VpcId": {"Ref":"VPC"} } }, "SubnetRouteTableAssoc": { "Type" : "AWS::EC2::SubnetRouteTableAssociation", "Properties" : { "RouteTableId" : {"Ref":"RouteTable"}, "SubnetId" : {"Ref":"Subnet"} } }, "InternetGatewayRoute": { "Type":"AWS::EC2::Route", "Properties":{ "DestinationCidrBlock":"0.0.0.0/0", "RouteTableId":{"Ref":"RouteTable"}, "GatewayId":{"Ref":"InternetGateway"} } }, "Subnet": { "Type": "AWS::EC2::Subnet", "Properties": { "VpcId": { "Ref": "VPC" }, "CidrBlock": "10.0.0.0/24", "Tags": [ { "Key": "Application", "Value": { "Ref": "AWS::StackId" } } ] } }, "InstanceSecurityGroup": { "Type": "AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup", "Properties": { "VpcId": { "Ref": "VPC" }, "GroupDescription": "Enable SSH access via port 22", "SecurityGroupIngress": [ { "IpProtocol": "tcp", "FromPort": 22, "ToPort": 22, "CidrIp": { "Ref": "SSHLocation" } }, { "IpProtocol": "tcp", "FromPort": 80, "ToPort": 80, "CidrIp": "0.0.0.0/0" } ] } }, "MountTargetSecurityGroup": { "Type": "AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup", "Properties": { "VpcId": { "Ref": "VPC" }, "GroupDescription": "Security group for mount target", "SecurityGroupIngress": [ { "IpProtocol": "tcp", "FromPort": 2049, "ToPort": 2049, "CidrIp": "0.0.0.0/0" } ] } }, "FileSystem": { "Type": "AWS::EFS::FileSystem", "Properties": { "PerformanceMode": "generalPurpose", "FileSystemTags": [ { "Key": "Name", "Value": { "Ref" : "VolumeName" } } ] } }, "MountTarget": { "Type": "AWS::EFS::MountTarget", "Properties": { "FileSystemId": { "Ref": "FileSystem" }, "SubnetId": { "Ref": "Subnet" }, "SecurityGroups": [ { "Ref": "MountTargetSecurityGroup" } ] } }, "LaunchConfiguration": { "Type": "AWS::AutoScaling::LaunchConfiguration", "Metadata" : { "AWS::CloudFormation::Init" : { "configSets" : { "MountConfig" : [ "setup", "mount" ] }, "setup" : { "packages" : { "yum" : { "nfs-utils" : [] } }, "files" : { "/home/ec2-user/post_nfsstat" : { "content" : { "Fn::Join" : [ "", [ "#!/bin/bash\n", "\n", "INPUT=\"$(cat)\"\n", "CW_JSON_OPEN='{ \"Namespace\": \"EFS\", \"MetricData\": [ '\n", "CW_JSON_CLOSE=' ] }'\n", "CW_JSON_METRIC=''\n", "METRIC_COUNTER=0\n", "\n", "for COL in 1 2 3 4 5 6; do\n", "\n", " COUNTER=0\n", " METRIC_FIELD=$COL\n", " DATA_FIELD=$(($COL+($COL-1)))\n", "\n", " while read line; do\n", " if [[ COUNTER -gt 0 ]]; then\n", "\n", " LINE=`echo $line | tr -s ' ' `\n", " AWS_COMMAND=\"aws cloudwatch put-metric-data --region ", { "Ref": "AWS::Region" }, "\"\n", " MOD=$(( $COUNTER % 2))\n", "\n", " if [ $MOD -eq 1 ]; then\n", " METRIC_NAME=`echo $LINE | cut -d ' ' -f $METRIC_FIELD`\n", " else\n", " METRIC_VALUE=`echo $LINE | cut -d ' ' -f $DATA_FIELD`\n", " fi\n", "\n", " if [[ -n \"$METRIC_NAME\" && -n \"$METRIC_VALUE\" ]]; then\n", " INSTANCE_ID=$(curl -s http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/instance-id)\n", " CW_JSON_METRIC=\"$CW_JSON_METRIC { \\\"MetricName\\\": \\\"$METRIC_NAME\\\", \\\"Dimensions\\\": [{\\\"Name\\\": \\\"InstanceId\\\", \\\"Value\\\": \\\"$INSTANCE_ID\\\"} ], \\\"Value\\\": $METRIC_VALUE },\"\n", " unset METRIC_NAME\n", " unset METRIC_VALUE\n", "\n", " METRIC_COUNTER=$((METRIC_COUNTER+1))\n", " if [ $METRIC_COUNTER -eq 20 ]; then\n", " # 20 is max metric collection size, so we have to submit here\n", " aws cloudwatch put-metric-data --region ", { "Ref": "AWS::Region" }, " --cli-input-json \"`echo $CW_JSON_OPEN ${CW_JSON_METRIC%?} $CW_JSON_CLOSE`\"\n", "\n", " # reset\n", " METRIC_COUNTER=0\n", " CW_JSON_METRIC=''\n", " fi\n", " fi \n", "\n", "\n", "\n", " COUNTER=$((COUNTER+1))\n", " fi\n", "\n", " if [[ \"$line\" == \"Client nfs v4:\" ]]; then\n", " # the next line is the good stuff \n", " COUNTER=$((COUNTER+1))\n", " fi\n", " done <<< \"$INPUT\"\n", "done\n", "\n", "# submit whatever is left\n", "aws cloudwatch put-metric-data --region ", { "Ref": "AWS::Region" }, " --cli-input-json \"`echo $CW_JSON_OPEN ${CW_JSON_METRIC%?} $CW_JSON_CLOSE`\"" ] ] }, "mode": "000755", "owner": "ec2-user", "group": "ec2-user" }, "/home/ec2-user/crontab" : { "content" : { "Fn::Join" : [ "", [ "* * * * * /usr/sbin/nfsstat | /home/ec2-user/post_nfsstat\n" ] ] }, "owner": "ec2-user", "group": "ec2-user" } }, "commands" : { "01_createdir" : { "command" : {"Fn::Join" : [ "", [ "mkdir /", { "Ref" : "MountPoint" }]]} } } }, "mount" : { "commands" : { "01_mount" : { "command" : { "Fn::Sub": "sudo mount -t nfs4 -o nfsvers=4.1,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,hard,timeo=600,retrans=2 ${FileSystem}.efs.${AWS::Region}.amazonaws.com:/ /${MountPoint}"} }, "02_permissions" : { "command" : {"Fn::Join" : [ "", [ "chown ec2-user:ec2-user /", { "Ref" : "MountPoint" }]]} } } } } }, "Properties": { "AssociatePublicIpAddress" : true, "ImageId": { "Fn::FindInMap": [ "AWSRegionArch2AMI", { "Ref": "AWS::Region" }, { "Fn::FindInMap": [ "AWSInstanceType2Arch", { "Ref": "InstanceType" }, "Arch" ] } ] }, "InstanceType": { "Ref": "InstanceType" }, "KeyName": { "Ref": "KeyName" }, "SecurityGroups": [ { "Ref": "InstanceSecurityGroup" } ], "IamInstanceProfile" : { "Ref" : "CloudWatchPutMetricsInstanceProfile" }, "UserData" : { "Fn::Base64" : { "Fn::Join" : ["", [ "#!/bin/bash -xe\n", "yum install -y aws-cfn-bootstrap\n", "/opt/aws/bin/cfn-init -v ", " --stack ", { "Ref" : "AWS::StackName" }, " --resource LaunchConfiguration ", " --configsets MountConfig ", " --region ", { "Ref" : "AWS::Region" }, "\n", "crontab /home/ec2-user/crontab\n", "/opt/aws/bin/cfn-signal -e $? ", " --stack ", { "Ref" : "AWS::StackName" }, " --resource AutoScalingGroup ", " --region ", { "Ref" : "AWS::Region" }, "\n" ]]}} } }, "AutoScalingGroup": { "Type": "AWS::AutoScaling::AutoScalingGroup", "DependsOn": ["MountTarget", "GatewayToInternet"], "CreationPolicy" : { "ResourceSignal" : { "Timeout" : "PT15M", "Count" : { "Ref": "AsgMaxSize" } } }, "Properties": { "VPCZoneIdentifier": [ { "Ref": "Subnet" } ], "LaunchConfigurationName": { "Ref": "LaunchConfiguration" }, "MinSize": "1", "MaxSize": { "Ref": "AsgMaxSize" }, "DesiredCapacity": { "Ref": "AsgMaxSize" }, "Tags": [ { "Key": "Name", "Value": "EFS FileSystem Mounted Instance", "PropagateAtLaunch": "true" } ] } } }, "Outputs" : { "MountTargetID" : { "Description" : "Mount target ID", "Value" : { "Ref" : "MountTarget" } }, "FileSystemID" : { "Description" : "File system ID", "Value" : { "Ref" : "FileSystem" } } } }

YAML

AWSTemplateFormatVersion: '2010-09-09' Description: This template creates an Amazon EFS file system and mount target and associates it with Amazon EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group. **WARNING** This template creates Amazon EC2 instances and related resources. You will be billed for the AWS resources used if you create a stack from this template. Parameters: InstanceType: Description: WebServer EC2 instance type Type: String Default: t2.small AllowedValues: - t1.micro - t2.nano - t2.micro - t2.small - t2.medium - t2.large - m1.small - m1.medium - m1.large - m1.xlarge - m2.xlarge - m2.2xlarge - m2.4xlarge - m3.medium - m3.large - m3.xlarge - m3.2xlarge - m4.large - m4.xlarge - m4.2xlarge - m4.4xlarge - m4.10xlarge - c1.medium - c1.xlarge - c3.large - c3.xlarge - c3.2xlarge - c3.4xlarge - c3.8xlarge - c4.large - c4.xlarge - c4.2xlarge - c4.4xlarge - c4.8xlarge - g2.2xlarge - g2.8xlarge - r3.large - r3.xlarge - r3.2xlarge - r3.4xlarge - r3.8xlarge - i2.xlarge - i2.2xlarge - i2.4xlarge - i2.8xlarge - d2.xlarge - d2.2xlarge - d2.4xlarge - d2.8xlarge - hi1.4xlarge - hs1.8xlarge - cr1.8xlarge - cc2.8xlarge - cg1.4xlarge ConstraintDescription: must be a valid EC2 instance type. KeyName: Type: AWS::EC2::KeyPair::KeyName Description: Name of an existing EC2 key pair to enable SSH access to the ECS instances AsgMaxSize: Type: Number Description: Maximum size and initial desired capacity of Auto Scaling Group Default: '2' SSHLocation: Description: The IP address range that can be used to connect to the EC2 instances by using SSH Type: String MinLength: '9' MaxLength: '18' Default: 0.0.0.0/0 AllowedPattern: "(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})\\.(\\d{1,3})/(\\d{1,2})" ConstraintDescription: must be a valid IP CIDR range of the form x.x.x.x/x. VolumeName: Description: The name to be used for the EFS volume Type: String MinLength: '1' Default: myEFSvolume MountPoint: Description: The Linux mount point for the EFS volume Type: String MinLength: '1' Default: myEFSvolume Mappings: AWSInstanceType2Arch: t1.micro: Arch: HVM64 t2.nano: Arch: HVM64 t2.micro: Arch: HVM64 t2.small: Arch: HVM64 t2.medium: Arch: HVM64 t2.large: Arch: HVM64 m1.small: Arch: HVM64 m1.medium: Arch: HVM64 m1.large: Arch: HVM64 m1.xlarge: Arch: HVM64 m2.xlarge: Arch: HVM64 m2.2xlarge: Arch: HVM64 m2.4xlarge: Arch: HVM64 m3.medium: Arch: HVM64 m3.large: Arch: HVM64 m3.xlarge: Arch: HVM64 m3.2xlarge: Arch: HVM64 m4.large: Arch: HVM64 m4.xlarge: Arch: HVM64 m4.2xlarge: Arch: HVM64 m4.4xlarge: Arch: HVM64 m4.10xlarge: Arch: HVM64 c1.medium: Arch: HVM64 c1.xlarge: Arch: HVM64 c3.large: Arch: HVM64 c3.xlarge: Arch: HVM64 c3.2xlarge: Arch: HVM64 c3.4xlarge: Arch: HVM64 c3.8xlarge: Arch: HVM64 c4.large: Arch: HVM64 c4.xlarge: Arch: HVM64 c4.2xlarge: Arch: HVM64 c4.4xlarge: Arch: HVM64 c4.8xlarge: Arch: HVM64 g2.2xlarge: Arch: HVMG2 g2.8xlarge: Arch: HVMG2 r3.large: Arch: HVM64 r3.xlarge: Arch: HVM64 r3.2xlarge: Arch: HVM64 r3.4xlarge: Arch: HVM64 r3.8xlarge: Arch: HVM64 i2.xlarge: Arch: HVM64 i2.2xlarge: Arch: HVM64 i2.4xlarge: Arch: HVM64 i2.8xlarge: Arch: HVM64 d2.xlarge: Arch: HVM64 d2.2xlarge: Arch: HVM64 d2.4xlarge: Arch: HVM64 d2.8xlarge: Arch: HVM64 hi1.4xlarge: Arch: HVM64 hs1.8xlarge: Arch: HVM64 cr1.8xlarge: Arch: HVM64 cc2.8xlarge: Arch: HVM64 AWSRegionArch2AMI: us-east-1: HVM64: ami-0ff8a91507f77f867 HVMG2: ami-0a584ac55a7631c0c us-west-2: HVM64: ami-a0cfeed8 HVMG2: ami-0e09505bc235aa82d us-west-1: HVM64: ami-0bdb828fd58c52235 HVMG2: ami-066ee5fd4a9ef77f1 eu-west-1: HVM64: ami-047bb4163c506cd98 HVMG2: ami-0a7c483d527806435 eu-west-2: HVM64: ami-f976839e HVMG2: NOT_SUPPORTED eu-west-3: HVM64: ami-0ebc281c20e89ba4b HVMG2: NOT_SUPPORTED eu-central-1: HVM64: ami-0233214e13e500f77 HVMG2: ami-06223d46a6d0661c7 ap-northeast-1: HVM64: ami-06cd52961ce9f0d85 HVMG2: ami-053cdd503598e4a9d ap-northeast-2: HVM64: ami-0a10b2721688ce9d2 HVMG2: NOT_SUPPORTED ap-northeast-3: HVM64: ami-0d98120a9fb693f07 HVMG2: NOT_SUPPORTED ap-southeast-1: HVM64: ami-08569b978cc4dfa10 HVMG2: ami-0be9df32ae9f92309 ap-southeast-2: HVM64: ami-09b42976632b27e9b HVMG2: ami-0a9ce9fecc3d1daf8 ap-south-1: HVM64: ami-0912f71e06545ad88 HVMG2: ami-097b15e89dbdcfcf4 us-east-2: HVM64: ami-0b59bfac6be064b78 HVMG2: NOT_SUPPORTED ca-central-1: HVM64: ami-0b18956f HVMG2: NOT_SUPPORTED sa-east-1: HVM64: ami-07b14488da8ea02a0 HVMG2: NOT_SUPPORTED cn-north-1: HVM64: ami-0a4eaf6c4454eda75 HVMG2: NOT_SUPPORTED cn-northwest-1: HVM64: ami-6b6a7d09 HVMG2: NOT_SUPPORTED Resources: CloudWatchPutMetricsRole: Type: AWS::IAM::Role Properties: AssumeRolePolicyDocument: Statement: - Effect: Allow Principal: Service: - ec2.amazonaws.com Action: - sts:AssumeRole Path: "/" CloudWatchPutMetricsRolePolicy: Type: AWS::IAM::Policy Properties: PolicyName: CloudWatch_PutMetricData PolicyDocument: Version: '2012-10-17' Statement: - Sid: CloudWatchPutMetricData Effect: Allow Action: - cloudwatch:PutMetricData Resource: - "*" Roles: - Ref: CloudWatchPutMetricsRole CloudWatchPutMetricsInstanceProfile: Type: AWS::IAM::InstanceProfile Properties: Path: "/" Roles: - Ref: CloudWatchPutMetricsRole VPC: Type: AWS::EC2::VPC Properties: EnableDnsSupport: 'true' EnableDnsHostnames: 'true' CidrBlock: 10.0.0.0/16 Tags: - Key: Application Value: Ref: AWS::StackId InternetGateway: Type: AWS::EC2::InternetGateway Properties: Tags: - Key: Application Value: Ref: AWS::StackName - Key: Network Value: Public GatewayToInternet: Type: AWS::EC2::VPCGatewayAttachment Properties: VpcId: Ref: VPC InternetGatewayId: Ref: InternetGateway RouteTable: Type: AWS::EC2::RouteTable Properties: VpcId: Ref: VPC SubnetRouteTableAssoc: Type: AWS::EC2::SubnetRouteTableAssociation Properties: RouteTableId: Ref: RouteTable SubnetId: Ref: Subnet InternetGatewayRoute: Type: AWS::EC2::Route Properties: DestinationCidrBlock: 0.0.0.0/0 RouteTableId: Ref: RouteTable GatewayId: Ref: InternetGateway Subnet: Type: AWS::EC2::Subnet Properties: VpcId: Ref: VPC CidrBlock: 10.0.0.0/24 Tags: - Key: Application Value: Ref: AWS::StackId InstanceSecurityGroup: Type: AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup Properties: VpcId: Ref: VPC GroupDescription: Enable SSH access via port 22 SecurityGroupIngress: - IpProtocol: tcp FromPort: 22 ToPort: 22 CidrIp: Ref: SSHLocation - IpProtocol: tcp FromPort: 80 ToPort: 80 CidrIp: 0.0.0.0/0 MountTargetSecurityGroup: Type: AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup Properties: VpcId: Ref: VPC GroupDescription: Security group for mount target SecurityGroupIngress: - IpProtocol: tcp FromPort: 2049 ToPort: 2049 CidrIp: 0.0.0.0/0 FileSystem: Type: AWS::EFS::FileSystem Properties: PerformanceMode: generalPurpose FileSystemTags: - Key: Name Value: Ref: VolumeName MountTarget: Type: AWS::EFS::MountTarget Properties: FileSystemId: Ref: FileSystem SubnetId: Ref: Subnet SecurityGroups: - Ref: MountTargetSecurityGroup LaunchConfiguration: Type: AWS::AutoScaling::LaunchConfiguration Metadata: AWS::CloudFormation::Init: configSets: MountConfig: - setup - mount setup: packages: yum: nfs-utils: [] files: "/home/ec2-user/post_nfsstat": content: !Sub | #!/bin/bash INPUT="$(cat)" CW_JSON_OPEN='{ "Namespace": "EFS", "MetricData": [ ' CW_JSON_CLOSE=' ] }' CW_JSON_METRIC='' METRIC_COUNTER=0 for COL in 1 2 3 4 5 6; do COUNTER=0 METRIC_FIELD=$COL DATA_FIELD=$(($COL+($COL-1))) while read line; do if [[ COUNTER -gt 0 ]]; then LINE=`echo $line | tr -s ' ' ` AWS_COMMAND="aws cloudwatch put-metric-data --region ${AWS::Region}" MOD=$(( $COUNTER % 2)) if [ $MOD -eq 1 ]; then METRIC_NAME=`echo $LINE | cut -d ' ' -f $METRIC_FIELD` else METRIC_VALUE=`echo $LINE | cut -d ' ' -f $DATA_FIELD` fi if [[ -n "$METRIC_NAME" && -n "$METRIC_VALUE" ]]; then INSTANCE_ID=$(curl -s http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/instance-id) CW_JSON_METRIC="$CW_JSON_METRIC { \"MetricName\": \"$METRIC_NAME\", \"Dimensions\": [{\"Name\": \"InstanceId\", \"Value\": \"$INSTANCE_ID\"} ], \"Value\": $METRIC_VALUE }," unset METRIC_NAME unset METRIC_VALUE METRIC_COUNTER=$((METRIC_COUNTER+1)) if [ $METRIC_COUNTER -eq 20 ]; then # 20 is max metric collection size, so we have to submit here aws cloudwatch put-metric-data --region ${AWS::Region} --cli-input-json "`echo $CW_JSON_OPEN ${!CW_JSON_METRIC%?} $CW_JSON_CLOSE`" # reset METRIC_COUNTER=0 CW_JSON_METRIC='' fi fi COUNTER=$((COUNTER+1)) fi if [[ "$line" == "Client nfs v4:" ]]; then # the next line is the good stuff COUNTER=$((COUNTER+1)) fi done <<< "$INPUT" done # submit whatever is left aws cloudwatch put-metric-data --region ${AWS::Region} --cli-input-json "`echo $CW_JSON_OPEN ${!CW_JSON_METRIC%?} $CW_JSON_CLOSE`" mode: '000755' owner: ec2-user group: ec2-user "/home/ec2-user/crontab": content: "* * * * * /usr/sbin/nfsstat | /home/ec2-user/post_nfsstat\n" owner: ec2-user group: ec2-user commands: 01_createdir: command: !Sub "mkdir /${MountPoint}" mount: commands: 01_mount: command: !Sub > mount -t nfs4 -o nfsvers=4.1 ${FileSystem}.efs.${AWS::Region}.amazonaws.com:/ /${MountPoint} 02_permissions: command: !Sub "chown ec2-user:ec2-user /${MountPoint}" Properties: AssociatePublicIpAddress: true ImageId: Fn::FindInMap: - AWSRegionArch2AMI - Ref: AWS::Region - Fn::FindInMap: - AWSInstanceType2Arch - Ref: InstanceType - Arch InstanceType: Ref: InstanceType KeyName: Ref: KeyName SecurityGroups: - Ref: InstanceSecurityGroup IamInstanceProfile: Ref: CloudWatchPutMetricsInstanceProfile UserData: Fn::Base64: !Sub | #!/bin/bash -xe yum install -y aws-cfn-bootstrap /opt/aws/bin/cfn-init -v --stack ${AWS::StackName} --resource LaunchConfiguration --configsets MountConfig --region ${AWS::Region} crontab /home/ec2-user/crontab /opt/aws/bin/cfn-signal -e $? --stack ${AWS::StackName} --resource AutoScalingGroup --region ${AWS::Region} AutoScalingGroup: Type: AWS::AutoScaling::AutoScalingGroup DependsOn: - MountTarget - GatewayToInternet CreationPolicy: ResourceSignal: Timeout: PT15M Count: Ref: AsgMaxSize Properties: VPCZoneIdentifier: - Ref: Subnet LaunchConfigurationName: Ref: LaunchConfiguration MinSize: '1' MaxSize: Ref: AsgMaxSize DesiredCapacity: Ref: AsgMaxSize Tags: - Key: Name Value: EFS FileSystem Mounted Instance PropagateAtLaunch: 'true' Outputs: MountTargetID: Description: Mount target ID Value: Ref: MountTarget FileSystemID: Description: File system ID Value: Ref: FileSystem