Create an Application Load Balancer - Elastic Load Balancing

Create an Application Load Balancer

A load balancer takes requests from clients and distributes them across targets in a target group.

Before you begin, ensure that you have a virtual private cloud (VPC) with at least one public subnet in each of the Availability Zones used by your targets.

To create a load balancer using the AWS CLI, see Tutorial: Create an Application Load Balancer using the AWS CLI.

To create a load balancer using the AWS Management Console, complete the following tasks.

Step 1: Configure a target group

Configuring a target group allows you to register targets such as EC2 instances. The target group that you configure in this step is used as the target group in the listener rule when you configure your load balancer. For more information, see Target groups for your Application Load Balancers.

To configure your target group

  1. Open the Amazon EC2 console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/ec2/.

  2. In the left navigation pane, under Load Balancing, choose Target Groups.

  3. Choose Create target group.

  4. In the Basic configuration section, set the following parameters:

    1. For Choose a target type, select Instance to specify targets by instance ID or IP addresses to specify targets by IP address. If the target type is a Lambda function, you can enable health checks by selecting Enable in the Health checks section.

    2. For Target group name, enter a name for the target group.

    3. Modify the Port and Protocol as needed.

    4. If the target type is IP addresses, choose IPv4 or IPv6 as the IP address type, otherwise skip to the next step.

      Note that only targets that have the selected IP address type can be included in this target group. The IP address type cannot be changed after the target group is created.

    5. For VPC, select a virtual private cloud (VPC) with the targets that you want to include in your target group.

    6. For Protocol version, select HTTP1 when the request protocol is HTTP/1.1 or HTTP/2; select HTTP2, when the request protocol is HTTP/2 or gRPC; and select gRPC, when the request protocol is gRPC.

  5. In the Health checks section, modify the default settings as needed. For Advanced health check settings, choose the health check port, count, timeout, interval, and specify success codes. If health checks consecutively exceed the Unhealthy threshold count, the load balancer takes the target out of service. If health checks consecutively exceed the Healthy threshold count, the load balancer puts the target back in service. For more information, see Health checks for your target groups.

  6. (Optional) Add one or more tags as follows:

    1. Expand the Tags section.

    2. Choose Add tag.

    3. Enter the tag Key and tag Value. Allowed characters are letters, spaces, numbers (in UTF-8), and the following special characters: + - = . _ : / @. Do not use leading or trailing spaces. Tag values are case-sensitive.

  7. Choose Next.

Step 2: Register targets

You can register EC2 instances, IP addresses, or Lambda functions as targets in a target group. This is an optional step to create a load balancer. However, you must register your targets to ensure that your load balancer routes traffic to them.

  1. In the Register targets page, add one or more targets as follows:

    • If the target type is Instances, select one or more instances, enter one or more ports, and then choose Include as pending below.

    • If the target type is IP addresses, do the following:

      1. Select a network VPC from the list, or choose Other private IP addresses.

      2. Enter the IP address manually, or find the IP address using instance details. You can enter up to five IP addresses at a time.

      3. Enter the ports for routing traffic to the specified IP addresses.

      4. Choose Include as pending below.

    • If the target type is Lambda, select a Lambda function, or enter a Lambda function ARN, and then choose Include as pending below.

  2. Choose Create target group.

Step 3: Configure a load balancer and a listener

To create an Application Load Balancer, you must first provide basic configuration information for your load balancer, such as a name, scheme, and IP address type. Then, you provide information about your network, and one or more listeners. A listener is a process that checks for connection requests. It is configured with a protocol and a port for connections from clients to the load balancer. For more information about supported protocols and ports, see Listener configuration.

To configure your load balancer and listener

  1. Open the Amazon EC2 console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/ec2/.

  2. In the navigation pane, under Load Balancing, choose Load Balancers.

  3. Choose Create Load Balancer.

  4. Under Application Load Balancer, choose Create.

  5. Basic configuration

    1. For Load balancer name, enter a name for your load balancer. For example, my-alb. The name of your Application Load Balancer must be unique within your set of Application Load Balancers and Network Load Balancers for the Region. Names can have a maximum of 32 characters, and can contain only alphanumeric characters and hyphens. They can not begin or end with a hyphen, or with internal-.

    2. For Scheme, choose Internet-facing or Internal. An internet-facing load balancer routes requests from clients to targets over the internet. An internal load balancer routes requests to targets using private IP addresses.

    3. For IP address type, choose IPv4 or Dualstack. Use IPv4 if your clients use IPv4 addresses to communicate with the load balancer. Choose Dualstack if your clients use both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses to communicate with the load balancer.

      Note: If the load balancer is an internal load balancer, you must choose IPv4.

  6. Network mapping

    1. For VPC, select the VPC that you used for your EC2 instances. If you selected Internet-facing for Scheme, only VPCs with an internet gateway are available for selection.

    2. For Mappings, select two or more Availability Zones and corresponding subnets. Enabling multiple Availability Zones increases the fault tolerance of your applications.

      For internet-facing load balancers, you can select an Elastic IP address for each Availability Zone. This provides your load balancer with static IP addresses.

      For an internal load balancer, you can assign a private IP address from the IPv4 range of each subnet instead of letting AWS assign one for you.

      Select one subnet per zone to enable. If you enabled Dualstack mode for the load balancer, select subnets with associated IPv6 CIDR blocks. You can specify one of the following:

      • Subnets from two or more Availability Zones

      • Subnets from one or more Local Zones

      • One Outpost subnet

  7. For Security groups, select an existing security group, or create a new one.

    The security group for your load balancer must allow it to communicate with registered targets on both the listener port and the health check port. The console can create a security group for your load balancer on your behalf with rules that allow this communication. You can also create a security group and select it instead. For more information, see Recommended rules.

    (Optional) To create a new security group for your load balancer, choose Create a new security group.

  8. For Listeners and routing, the default is a listener that accepts HTTP traffic on port 80. You can keep the default listener settings, modify the protocol, or modify the port. Choose Add listener to add a new listener (for example, an HTTPS listener).

    If you create an HTTPS listener, configure the required Secure listener settings. Otherwise, go to the next step.

    When you use HTTPS for your load balancer listener, you must deploy an SSL certificate on your load balancer. The load balancer uses this certificate to terminate the connection and decrypt requests from clients before sending them to the targets. For more information, see SSL certificates. Additionally, specify the security policy that the load balancer uses to negotiate SSL connections with the clients. For more information, see Security policies.

    For Default SSL certificate, do one of the following:

    • If you created or imported a certificate using AWS Certificate Manager, select From ACM, and then select the certificate.

    • If you uploaded a certificate using IAM, select From IAM, and then select the certificate.

    • If you want to import a certificate to ACM or IAM , enter a certificate name. Then, paste the PEM-encoded private key and body.

  9. Tag and create

    1. (Optional) Add a tag to categorize your load balancer. Tag keys must be unique for each load balancer. Allowed characters are letters, spaces, numbers (in UTF-8), and the following special characters: + - = . _ : / @. Do not use leading or trailing spaces. Tag values are case-sensitive.

    2. Review your configuration, and choose Create load balancer. A few default attributes are applied to your load balancer during creation. You can view and edit them after creating the load balancer. For more information, see Load balancer attributes.

Step 4: Test the load balancer

After creating your load balancer, you can verify that your EC2 instances pass the initial health check. You can then check that the load balancer is sending traffic to your EC2 instance. To delete the load balancer, see Delete an Application Load Balancer.

To test the load balancer

  1. After the load balancer is created, choose Close.

  2. In the navigation pane, under Load Balancing, choose Target Groups.

  3. Select the newly created target group.

  4. Choose Targets and verify that your instances are ready. If the status of an instance is initial, it's typically because the instance is still in the process of being registered. This status can also indicate that the instance has not passed the minimum number of health checks to be considered healthy. After the status of at least one instance is healthy, you can test your load balancer. For more information, see Target health status.

  5. In the navigation pane, under Load Balancing, choose Load Balancers.

  6. Select the newly created load balancer.

  7. Choose Description and copy the DNS name of the load balancer (for example, my-load-balancer-1234567890abcdef.elb.us-east-2.amazonaws.com). Paste the DNS name into the address field of an internet-connected web browser. If everything is working, the browser displays the default page of your server.