File System Access Control with Amazon VPC - FSx for ONTAP

File System Access Control with Amazon VPC

You access your Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP file systems and SVMs using the DNS name or the IP address of one of their endpoints, depending on what type of access it is. The DNS name maps to the private IP address of the file system's or SVM's elastic network interface in your VPC. Only resources within the associated VPC, or resources connected with the associated VPC by AWS Direct Connect or VPN, can access the data in your file system over the NFS, SMB, or iSCSI protocols. For more information, see What is Amazon VPC? in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Warning

You must not modify or delete the elastic network interface(s) associated with your file system. Modifying or deleting the network interface can cause a permanent loss of connection between your VPC and your file system.

Amazon VPC security groups

A security group acts as a virtual firewall for your FSx for ONTAP file systems to control incoming and outgoing traffic. Inbound rules control the incoming traffic to your file system, and outbound rules control the outgoing traffic from your file system. When you create a file system, you specify the VPC that it gets created in, and the default security group for that VPC is applied. You can add rules to each security group that allow traffic to or from its associated file systems and SVMs. You can modify the rules for a security group at any time. New and modified rules are automatically applied to all resources that are associated with the security group. When Amazon FSx decides whether to allow traffic to reach a resource, it evaluates all of the rules from all of the security groups that are associated with the resource.

To use a security group to control access to your Amazon FSx file system, add inbound and outbound rules. Inbound rules control incoming traffic, and outbound rules control outgoing traffic from your file system. Make sure that you have the right network traffic rules in your security group to map your Amazon FSx file system's file share to a folder on your supported compute instance.

For more information on security group rules, see Security Group Rules in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances.

Creating a VPC security group

To create a security group for Amazon FSx

  1. Open the Amazon EC2 console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/ec2.

  2. In the navigation pane, choose Security Groups.

  3. Choose Create Security Group.

  4. Specify a name and description for the security group.

  5. For VPC, choose the Amazon VPC associated with your file system to create the security group within that VPC.

  6. For outbound rules, allow all traffic on all ports.

  7. Add the following rules to the inbound ports of your security group.

    Protocol

    Ports

    Role

    All ICMP

    All

    Pinging the instance

    SSH

    22

    SSH access to the IP address of the cluster management LIF or a node management LIF

    TCP

    111

    Remote procedure call for NFS

    TCP

    139

    NetBIOS service session for CIFS

    TCP 161-162

    Simple network management protocol (SNMP)

    TCP

    443

    ONTAP REST API access to the IP address of the cluster management LIF or an SVM management LIF

    TCP

    445

    Microsoft SMB/CIFS over TCP with NetBIOS framing

    TCP

    635

    NFS mount

    TCP

    749

    Kerberos

    TCP

    2049

    NFS server daemon

    TCP

    3260

    iSCSI access through the iSCSI data LIF

    TCP

    4045

    NFS lock daemon

    TCP

    4046

    Network status monitor for NFS

    TCP 11104 Management of intercluster communication sessions for SnapMirror
    TCP 11105 SnapMirror data transfer using intercluster LIFs
    UDP 111 Remote procedure call for NFS

    UDP

    139

    NetBIOS service session for CIFS

    UDP 161-162

    Simple network management protocol (SNMP)

    UDP

    635

    NFS mount

    UDP

    2049

    NFS server daemon

    UDP

    4045

    NFS lock daemon

    UDP

    4046

    Network status monitor for NFS

    UDP

    4049

    NFS quota protocol

Disallow access to a file system

To temporarily disallow network access to your file system from all clients, you can remove all the security groups associated with your file system's elastic network interface(s) and replace them with a group that has no inbound/outbound rules.