AWS IoT
Developer Guide

Case Statements

Case statements can be used for branching execution, like a switch statement, or if/else statements.

Syntax:

CASE v WHEN t[1] THEN r[1] WHEN t[2] THEN r[2] ... WHEN t[n] THEN r[n] ELSE r[e] END

The expression v is evaluated and matched for equality against each t[i] expression. If a match is found, the corresponding r[i] expression becomes the result of the case statement. If there is more than one possible match, the first match is selected. If there are no matches, the else statement's re is used as the result. If there is no match and no else statement, the result of the case statement is Undefined. For example:

Incoming payload published on topic a/b: {"color":"yellow"}

SQL statement: SELECT CASE color WHEN 'green' THEN 'go' WHEN 'yellow' THEN 'caution' WHEN 'red' THEN 'stop' ELSE 'you are not at a stop light' END as instructions FROM 'a/b'

The resulting output payload would be: {"instructions":"caution"}.

Case statements require at least one WHEN clause. An ELSE clause is not required.

Note

If v is Undefined, the result of the case statement is Undefined.