Esempio notifiche di modifica di un elemento della configurazione - AWS Config

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Esempio notifiche di modifica di un elemento della configurazione

AWS Configutilizza Amazon SNS per distribuire le notifiche verso gli endpoint di sottoscrizione. Queste notifiche riportano lo stato di consegna degli snapshot di configurazione e delle cronologie di configurazione e indicano ogni elemento della configurazione che AWS Config crea quando le configurazioni delle risorse AWS registrate subiscono delle modifiche. AWS Config invia anche notifiche che indicano se le risorse sono conformi rispetto alle regole. Se decidi di inviare notifiche via email, nella tua applicazione client di posta elettronica puoi applicare i filtri al contenuto dell'oggetto e del testo del messaggio email.

Di seguito è riportato un esempio di payload di una notifica Amazon SNS generata quandoAWS Configrileva che il volume Amazon Elastic Block Storevol-ce676cccè collegato all'istanza con un ID dii-344c463d. La notifica contiene la modifica dell'elemento della configurazione per la risorsa.

{ "Type": "Notification", "MessageId": "8b945cb0-db34-5b72-b032-1724878af488", "TopicArn": "arn:aws:sns:us-west-2:123456789012:example", "Message": { "MessageVersion": "1.0", "NotificationCreateTime": "2014-03-18T10:11:00Z", "messageType": "ConfigurationItemChangeNotification", "configurationItem": [ { "configurationItemVersion": "1.0", "configurationItemCaptureTime": "2014-03-07T23:47:08.918Z", "arn": "arn:aws:us-west-2b:123456789012:volume/vol-ce676ccc", "resourceId": "vol-ce676ccc", "accountId": "123456789012", "configurationStateID": "3e660fdf-4e34-4f32-afeb-0ace5bf3d63a", "configurationItemStatus": "OK", "relatedEvents": [], "availabilityZone": "us-west-2b", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::VOLUME", "resourceCreationTime": "2014-02-27T21:43:53.885Z", "tags": {}, "relationships": [ { "resourceId": "i-344c463d", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::INSTANCE", "name": "Attached to Instance" } ], "configuration": { "volumeId": "vol-ce676ccc", "size": 1, "snapshotId": "", "availabilityZone": "us-west-2b", "state": "in-use", "createTime": "2014-02-27T21:43:53.0885+0000", "attachments": [ { "volumeId": "vol-ce676ccc", "instanceId": "i-344c463d", "device": "/dev/sdf", "state": "attached", "attachTime": "2014-03-07T23:46:28.0000+0000", "deleteOnTermination": false } ], "tags": [], "volumeType": "standard" } } ], "configurationItemDiff": { "changeType": "UPDATE", "changedProperties": { "Configuration.State": { "previousValue": "available", "updatedValue": "in-use", "changeType": "UPDATE" }, "Configuration.Attachments.0": { "updatedValue": { "VolumeId": "vol-ce676ccc", "InstanceId": "i-344c463d", "Device": "/dev/sdf", "State": "attached", "AttachTime": "FriMar0723: 46: 28UTC2014", "DeleteOnTermination": "false" }, "changeType": "CREATE" } } } }, "Timestamp": "2014-03-07T23:47:10.001Z", "SignatureVersion": "1", "Signature": "LgfJNB5aOk/w3omqsYrv5cUFY8yvIJvO5ZZh46/KGPApk6HXRTBRlkhjacnxIXJEWsGI9mxvMmoWPLJGYEAR5FF/+/Ro9QTmiTNcEjQ5kB8wGsRWVrk/whAzT2lVtofc365En2T1Ncd9iSFFXfJchgBmI7EACZ28t+n2mWFgo57n6eGDvHTedslzC6KxkfWTfXsR6zHXzkB3XuZImktflg3iPKtvBb3Zc9iVbNsBEI4FITFWktSqqomYDjc5h0kgapIo4CtCHGKpALW9JDmP+qZhMzEbHWpzFlEzvFl55KaZXxDbznBD1ZkqPgno/WufuxszCiMrsmV8pUNUnkU1TA==", "SigningCertURL": "https://sns.us-west-2.amazonaws.com/SimpleNotificationService-e372f8ca30337fdb084e8ac449342c77.pem", "UnsubscribeURL": "https://sns.us-west-2.amazonaws.com/?Action=Unsubscribe&SubscriptionArn=arn:aws:sns:us-west-2:123456789012:example:a6859fee-3638-407c-907e-879651c9d143" }

Elementi di configurazione per risorse legate da relazioni

Se una risorsa è in relazione con altre risorse, una modifica a tale risorsa può determinare la creazione di molteplici elementi di configurazione. L'esempio seguente mostra come AWS Config crea gli elementi di configurazione per le risorse legate da relazioni.

  1. Hai un'istanza Amazon EC2 con IDi-007d374c8912e3e90e l'istanza è associata a un gruppo di sicurezza Amazon EC2,sg-c8b141b4.

  2. Puoi aggiornare la tua istanza EC2 per modificare il gruppo di sicurezza impostando un altro gruppo di sicurezza, sg-3f1fef43.

  3. Poiché l'istanza EC2 è legata da una relazione a un'altra risorsa, AWS Config crea molteplici elementi di configurazione, come nei seguenti esempi:

Questa notifica contiene la modifica dell'elemento della configurazione dell'istanza EC2 derivata dalla sostituzione del gruppo di sicurezza.

{ "Type": "Notification", "MessageId": "faeba85e-ef46-570a-b01c-f8b0faae8d5d", "TopicArn": "arn:aws:sns:us-east-2:123456789012:config-topic-ohio", "Subject": "[AWS Config:us-east-2] AWS::EC2::Instance i-007d374c8912e3e90 Updated in Account 123456789012", "Message": { "configurationItemDiff": { "changedProperties": { "Configuration.NetworkInterfaces.0": { "previousValue": { "networkInterfaceId": "eni-fde9493f", "subnetId": "subnet-2372be7b", "vpcId": "vpc-14400670", "description": "", "ownerId": "123456789012", "status": "in-use", "macAddress": "0e:36:a2:2d:c5:e0", "privateIpAddress": "172.31.16.84", "privateDnsName": "ip-172-31-16-84.ec2.internal", "sourceDestCheck": true, "groups": [{ "groupName": "example-security-group-1", "groupId": "sg-c8b141b4" }], "attachment": { "attachmentId": "eni-attach-85bd89d9", "deviceIndex": 0, "status": "attached", "attachTime": "2017-01-09T19:36:02.000Z", "deleteOnTermination": true }, "association": { "publicIp": "54.175.43.43", "publicDnsName": "ec2-54-175-43-43.compute-1.amazonaws.com", "ipOwnerId": "amazon" }, "privateIpAddresses": [{ "privateIpAddress": "172.31.16.84", "privateDnsName": "ip-172-31-16-84.ec2.internal", "primary": true, "association": { "publicIp": "54.175.43.43", "publicDnsName": "ec2-54-175-43-43.compute-1.amazonaws.com", "ipOwnerId": "amazon" } }] }, "updatedValue": null, "changeType": "DELETE" }, "Relationships.0": { "previousValue": { "resourceId": "sg-c8b141b4", "resourceName": null, "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup", "name": "Is associated with SecurityGroup" }, "updatedValue": null, "changeType": "DELETE" }, "Configuration.NetworkInterfaces.1": { "previousValue": null, "updatedValue": { "networkInterfaceId": "eni-fde9493f", "subnetId": "subnet-2372be7b", "vpcId": "vpc-14400670", "description": "", "ownerId": "123456789012", "status": "in-use", "macAddress": "0e:36:a2:2d:c5:e0", "privateIpAddress": "172.31.16.84", "privateDnsName": "ip-172-31-16-84.ec2.internal", "sourceDestCheck": true, "groups": [{ "groupName": "example-security-group-2", "groupId": "sg-3f1fef43" }], "attachment": { "attachmentId": "eni-attach-85bd89d9", "deviceIndex": 0, "status": "attached", "attachTime": "2017-01-09T19:36:02.000Z", "deleteOnTermination": true }, "association": { "publicIp": "54.175.43.43", "publicDnsName": "ec2-54-175-43-43.compute-1.amazonaws.com", "ipOwnerId": "amazon" }, "privateIpAddresses": [{ "privateIpAddress": "172.31.16.84", "privateDnsName": "ip-172-31-16-84.ec2.internal", "primary": true, "association": { "publicIp": "54.175.43.43", "publicDnsName": "ec2-54-175-43-43.compute-1.amazonaws.com", "ipOwnerId": "amazon" } }] }, "changeType": "CREATE" }, "Relationships.1": { "previousValue": null, "updatedValue": { "resourceId": "sg-3f1fef43", "resourceName": null, "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup", "name": "Is associated with SecurityGroup" }, "changeType": "CREATE" }, "Configuration.SecurityGroups.1": { "previousValue": null, "updatedValue": { "groupName": "example-security-group-2", "groupId": "sg-3f1fef43" }, "changeType": "CREATE" }, "Configuration.SecurityGroups.0": { "previousValue": { "groupName": "example-security-group-1", "groupId": "sg-c8b141b4" }, "updatedValue": null, "changeType": "DELETE" } }, "changeType": "UPDATE" }, "configurationItem": { "relatedEvents": [], "relationships": [ { "resourceId": "eni-fde9493f", "resourceName": null, "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::NetworkInterface", "name": "Contains NetworkInterface" }, { "resourceId": "sg-3f1fef43", "resourceName": null, "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup", "name": "Is associated with SecurityGroup" }, { "resourceId": "subnet-2372be7b", "resourceName": null, "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Subnet", "name": "Is contained in Subnet" }, { "resourceId": "vol-0a2d63a256bce35c5", "resourceName": null, "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Volume", "name": "Is attached to Volume" }, { "resourceId": "vpc-14400670", "resourceName": null, "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::VPC", "name": "Is contained in Vpc" } ], "configuration": { "instanceId": "i-007d374c8912e3e90", "imageId": "ami-9be6f38c", "state": { "code": 16, "name": "running" }, "privateDnsName": "ip-172-31-16-84.ec2.internal", "publicDnsName": "ec2-54-175-43-43.compute-1.amazonaws.com", "stateTransitionReason": "", "keyName": "ec2-micro", "amiLaunchIndex": 0, "productCodes": [], "instanceType": "t2.micro", "launchTime": "2017-01-09T20:13:28.000Z", "placement": { "availabilityZone": "us-east-2c", "groupName": "", "tenancy": "default", "hostId": null, "affinity": null }, "kernelId": null, "ramdiskId": null, "platform": null, "monitoring": {"state": "disabled"}, "subnetId": "subnet-2372be7b", "vpcId": "vpc-14400670", "privateIpAddress": "172.31.16.84", "publicIpAddress": "54.175.43.43", "stateReason": null, "architecture": "x86_64", "rootDeviceType": "ebs", "rootDeviceName": "/dev/xvda", "blockDeviceMappings": [{ "deviceName": "/dev/xvda", "ebs": { "volumeId": "vol-0a2d63a256bce35c5", "status": "attached", "attachTime": "2017-01-09T19:36:03.000Z", "deleteOnTermination": true } }], "virtualizationType": "hvm", "instanceLifecycle": null, "spotInstanceRequestId": null, "clientToken": "bIYqA1483990561516", "tags": [{ "key": "Name", "value": "value" }], "securityGroups": [{ "groupName": "example-security-group-2", "groupId": "sg-3f1fef43" }], "sourceDestCheck": true, "hypervisor": "xen", "networkInterfaces": [{ "networkInterfaceId": "eni-fde9493f", "subnetId": "subnet-2372be7b", "vpcId": "vpc-14400670", "description": "", "ownerId": "123456789012", "status": "in-use", "macAddress": "0e:36:a2:2d:c5:e0", "privateIpAddress": "172.31.16.84", "privateDnsName": "ip-172-31-16-84.ec2.internal", "sourceDestCheck": true, "groups": [{ "groupName": "example-security-group-2", "groupId": "sg-3f1fef43" }], "attachment": { "attachmentId": "eni-attach-85bd89d9", "deviceIndex": 0, "status": "attached", "attachTime": "2017-01-09T19:36:02.000Z", "deleteOnTermination": true }, "association": { "publicIp": "54.175.43.43", "publicDnsName": "ec2-54-175-43-43.compute-1.amazonaws.com", "ipOwnerId": "amazon" }, "privateIpAddresses": [{ "privateIpAddress": "172.31.16.84", "privateDnsName": "ip-172-31-16-84.ec2.internal", "primary": true, "association": { "publicIp": "54.175.43.43", "publicDnsName": "ec2-54-175-43-43.compute-1.amazonaws.com", "ipOwnerId": "amazon" } }] }], "iamInstanceProfile": null, "ebsOptimized": false, "sriovNetSupport": null, "enaSupport": true }, "supplementaryConfiguration": {}, "tags": {"Name": "value"}, "configurationItemVersion": "1.2", "configurationItemCaptureTime": "2017-01-09T22:50:14.328Z", "configurationStateId": 1484002214328, "awsAccountId": "123456789012", "configurationItemStatus": "OK", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::Instance", "resourceId": "i-007d374c8912e3e90", "resourceName": null, "ARN": "arn:aws:ec2:us-east-2:123456789012:instance/i-007d374c8912e3e90", "awsRegion": "us-east-2", "availabilityZone": "us-east-2c", "configurationStateMd5Hash": "8d0f41750f5965e0071ae9be063ba306", "resourceCreationTime": "2017-01-09T20:13:28.000Z" }, "notificationCreationTime": "2017-01-09T22:50:15.928Z", "messageType": "ConfigurationItemChangeNotification", "recordVersion": "1.2" }, "Timestamp": "2017-01-09T22:50:16.358Z", "SignatureVersion": "1", "Signature": "lpJTEYOSr8fUbiaaRNw1ECawJFVoD7I67mIeEkfAWJkqvvpak1ULHLlC+I0sS/01A4P1Yci8GSK/cOEC/O2XBntlw4CAtbMUgTQvb345Z2YZwcpK0kPNi6v6N51DuZ/6DZA8EC+gVTNTO09xtNIH8aMlvqyvUSXuh278xayExC5yTRXEg+ikdZRd4QzS7obSK1kgRZWI6ipxPNL6rd56/VvPxyhcbS7Vm40/2+e0nVb3bjNHBxjQTXSs1Xhuc9eP2gEsC4Sl32bGqdeDU1Y4dFGukuzPYoHuEtDPh+GkLUq3KeiDAQshxAZLmOIRcQ7iJ/bELDJTN9AcX6lqlDZ79w==", "SigningCertURL": "https://sns.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/SimpleNotificationService-b95095beb82e8f6a046b3aafc7f4149a.pem", "UnsubscribeURL": "https://sns.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/?Action=Unsubscribe&SubscriptionArn=arn:aws:sns:us-east-2:123456789012:config-topic-ohio:956fe658-0ce3-4fb3-b409-a45f22a3c3d4" }

Questa notifica contiene la modifica dell'elemento della configurazione del gruppo di sicurezza dell'istanza EC2, sg-3f1fef43, che è associato all'istanza.

{ "Type": "Notification", "MessageId": "564d873e-711e-51a3-b48c-d7d064f65bf4", "TopicArn": "arn:aws:sns:us-east-2:123456789012:config-topic-ohio", "Subject": "[AWS Config:us-east-2] AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup sg-3f1fef43 Created in Account 123456789012", "Message": { "configurationItemDiff": { "changedProperties": {}, "changeType": "CREATE" }, "configurationItem": { "relatedEvents": [], "relationships": [{ "resourceId": "vpc-14400670", "resourceName": null, "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::VPC", "name": "Is contained in Vpc" }], "configuration": { "ownerId": "123456789012", "groupName": "example-security-group-2", "groupId": "sg-3f1fef43", "description": "This is an example security group.", "ipPermissions": [], "ipPermissionsEgress": [{ "ipProtocol": "-1", "fromPort": null, "toPort": null, "userIdGroupPairs": [], "ipRanges": ["0.0.0.0/0"], "prefixListIds": [] }], "vpcId": "vpc-14400670", "tags": [] }, "supplementaryConfiguration": {}, "tags": {}, "configurationItemVersion": "1.2", "configurationItemCaptureTime": "2017-01-09T22:50:15.156Z", "configurationStateId": 1484002215156, "awsAccountId": "123456789012", "configurationItemStatus": "ResourceDiscovered", "resourceType": "AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup", "resourceId": "sg-3f1fef43", "resourceName": null, "ARN": "arn:aws:ec2:us-east-2:123456789012:security-group/sg-3f1fef43", "awsRegion": "us-east-2", "availabilityZone": "Not Applicable", "configurationStateMd5Hash": "7399608745296f67f7fe1c9ca56d5205", "resourceCreationTime": null }, "notificationCreationTime": "2017-01-09T22:50:16.021Z", "messageType": "ConfigurationItemChangeNotification", "recordVersion": "1.2" }, "Timestamp": "2017-01-09T22:50:16.413Z", "SignatureVersion": "1", "Signature": "GocX31Uu/zNFo85hZqzsNy30skwmLnjPjj+UjaJzkih+dCP6gXYGQ0bK7uMzaLL2C/ibYOOsT7I/XY4NW6Amc5T46ydyHDjFRtQi8UfUQTqLXYRTnpOO/hyK9lMFfhUNs4NwQpmx3n3mYEMpLuMs8DCgeBmB3AQ+hXPhNuNuR3mJVgo25S8AqphN9O0okZ2MKNUQy8iJm/CVAx70TdnYsfUMZ24n88bUzAfiHGzc8QTthMdrFVUwXxa1h/7Zl8+A7BwoGmjo7W8CfLDVwaIQv1Uplgk3qd95Z0AXOzXVxNBQEi4k8axcknwjzpyO1g3rKzByiQttLUQwkgF33op9wg==", "SigningCertURL": "https://sns.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/SimpleNotificationService-b95095beb82e8f6a046b3aafc7f4149a.pem", "UnsubscribeURL": "https://sns.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/?Action=Unsubscribe&SubscriptionArn=arn:aws:sns:us-east-2:123456789012:config-topic-ohio:956fe658-0ce3-4fb3-b409-a45f22a3c3d4" }