Step 4: Configure DSBulk settings - Amazon Keyspaces (for Apache Cassandra)

Step 4: Configure DSBulk settings

This section outlines the steps required to configure DSBulk for data upload to Amazon Keyspaces. You configure DSBulk by using a configuration file. You specify the configuration file directly from the command line.

  1. Create a DSBulk configuration file for the migration to Amazon Keyspaces, in this example we use the file name dsbulk_keyspaces.conf. Specify the following settings in the DSBulk configuration file.

    1. PlainTextAuthProvider – Create the authentication provider with the PlainTextAuthProvider class. ServiceUserName and ServicePassword should match the user name and password you obtained when you generated the service-specific credentials by following the steps at Creating credentials to access Amazon Keyspaces programmatically.

    2. local-datacenter – Set the value for local-datacenter to the AWS Region that you're connecting to. For example, if the application is connecting to, then set the local data center to us-east-2. For all available AWS Regions, see Service endpoints for Amazon Keyspaces. To avoid replicas, set slow-replica-avoidance to false.

    3. SSLEngineFactory – To configure SSL/TLS, initialize the SSLEngineFactory by adding a section in the configuration file with a single line that specifies the class with class = DefaultSslEngineFactory. Provide the path to cassandra_truststore.jks and the password that you created previously.

    4. consistency – Set the consistency level to LOCAL QUORUM. Other write consistency levels are not supported, for more information see Supported Apache Cassandra consistency levels in Amazon Keyspaces.

    5. The number of connections per pool is configurable in the Java driver. For this example, set advanced.connection.pool.local.size to 3.

    The following is the complete sample configuration file.

    datastax-java-driver { = [ ""] advanced.auth-provider { class = PlainTextAuthProvider username = "ServiceUserName" password = "ServicePassword" } basic.load-balancing-policy { local-datacenter = "us-east-2" slow-replica-avoidance = false } basic.request { consistency = LOCAL_QUORUM default-idempotence = true } advanced.ssl-engine-factory { class = DefaultSslEngineFactory truststore-path = "./cassandra_truststore.jks" truststore-password = "my_password" hostname-validation = false } advanced.connection.pool.local.size = 3 }
  2. Review the parameters for the DSBulk load command.

    1. executor.maxPerSecond – The maximum number of rows that the load command attempts to process concurrently per second. If unset, this setting is disabled with -1.

      Set executor.maxPerSecond based on the number of WCUs that you provisioned to the target destination table. The executor.maxPerSecond of the load command isn’t a limit – it’s a target average. This means it can (and often does) burst above the number you set. To allow for bursts and make sure that enough capacity is in place to handle the data load requests, set executor.maxPerSecond to 90% of the table’s write capacity.

      executor.maxPerSecond = WCUs * .90

      In this tutorial, we set executor.maxPerSecond to 5.


      If you are using DSBulk 1.6.0 or higher, you can use dsbulk.engine.maxConcurrentQueries instead.

    2. Configure these additional parameters for the DSBulk load command.

      • batch-mode – This parameter tells the system to group operations by partition key. Because this could interfere with other settings, we recommend to disable batch mode.

      • driver.advanced.retry-policy-max-retries – This determines how many times to retry a failed query. If unset, the default is 10. You can adjust this value as needed.

      • driver.basic.request.timeout – The time in minutes the system waits for a query to return. If unset, the default is "5 minutes". You can adjust this value as needed.