IAM Policies for Conversation Logs - Amazon Lex

IAM Policies for Conversation Logs

Depending on the type of logging that you select, Amazon Lex requires permission to use Amazon CloudWatch Logs and Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) buckets to store your logs. You must create AWS Identity and Access Management roles and permissions to enable Amazon Lex to access these resources.

Creating an IAM Role and Policies for Conversation Logs

To enable conversation logs, you must grant write permission for CloudWatch Logs and Amazon S3. If you enable object encryption for your S3 objects, you need to grant access permission to the AWS KMS keys used to encrypt the objects.

You can use the IAM console, the IAM API, or the AWS Command Line Interface to create the role and policies. These instructions use the AWS CLI to create the role and policies.

Note

The following code is formatted for Linux and MacOS. For Windows, replace the Linux line continuation character (\) with a caret (^).

To create an IAM role for conversation logs

  1. Create a document in the current directory called LexConversationLogsAssumeRolePolicyDocument.json, add the following code to it, and save it. This policy document adds Amazon Lex as a trusted entity to the role. This allows Lex to assume the role to deliver logs to the resources configured for conversation logs.

    { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "lex.amazonaws.com" }, "Action": "sts:AssumeRole" } ] }
  2. In the AWS CLI, run the following command to create the IAM role for conversation logs.

    aws iam create-role \ --role-name role-name \ --assume-role-policy-document file://LexConversationLogsAssumeRolePolicyDocument.json

Next, create and attach a policy to the role that enables Amazon Lex to write to CloudWatch Logs.

To create an IAM policy for logging conversation text to CloudWatch Logs

  1. Create a document in the current directory called LexConversationLogsCloudWatchLogsPolicy.json, add the following IAM policy to it, and save it.

    { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "logs:CreateLogStream", "logs:PutLogEvents" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:logs:region:account-id:log-group:log-group-name:*" } ] }
  2. In the AWS CLI, create the IAM policy that grants write permission to the CloudWatch Logs log group.

    aws iam create-policy \ --policy-name cloudwatch-policy-name \ --policy-document file://LexConversationLogsCloudWatchLogsPolicy.json
  3. Attach the policy to the IAM role that you created for conversation logs.

    aws iam attach-role-policy \ --policy-arn arn:aws:iam::account-id:policy/cloudwatch-policy-name \ --role-name role-name

If you are logging audio to an S3 bucket, create a policy that enables Amazon Lex to write to the bucket.

To create an IAM policy for audio logging to an S3 bucket

  1. Create a document in the current directory called LexConversationLogsS3Policy.json, add the following policy to it, and save it.

    { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:PutObject" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::bucket-name/*" } ] }
  2. In the AWS CLI, create the IAM policy that grants write permission to your S3 bucket.

    aws iam create-policy \ --policy-name s3-policy-name \ --policy-document file://LexConversationLogsS3Policy.json
  3. Attach the policy to the role that you created for conversation logs.

    aws iam attach-role-policy \ --policy-arn arn:aws:iam::account-id:policy/s3-policy-name \ --role-name role-name

Granting Permission to Pass an IAM Role

When you use the console, the AWS Command Line Interface, or an AWS SDK to specify an IAM role to use for conversation logs, the user specifying the conversation logs IAM role must have permission to pass the role to Amazon Lex. To allow the user to pass the role to Amazon Lex, you must grant PassRole permission to the user's IAM user, role, or group.

The following policy defines the permission to grant to the user, role, or group. You can use the iam:AssociatedResourceArn and iam:PassedToService condition keys to limit the scope of the permission. For more information, see Granting a User Permissions to Pass a Role to an AWS Service and IAM and AWS STS Condition Context Keys in the AWS Identity and Access Management User Guide.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": "iam:PassRole", "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::account-id:role/role-name", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "iam:PassedToService": "lex.amazonaws.com" }, "StringLike": { "iam:AssociatedResourceARN": "arn:aws:lex:region:account-id:bot:bot-name:bot-alias" } } } ] }