CreateDataSourceFromRedshift - MachineLearning


Creates a DataSource from a database hosted on an Amazon Redshift cluster. A DataSource references data that can be used to perform either CreateMLModel, CreateEvaluation, or CreateBatchPrediction operations.

CreateDataSourceFromRedshift is an asynchronous operation. In response to CreateDataSourceFromRedshift, Amazon Machine Learning (Amazon ML) immediately returns and sets the DataSource status to PENDING. After the DataSource is created and ready for use, Amazon ML sets the Status parameter to COMPLETED. DataSource in COMPLETED or PENDING states can be used to perform only CreateMLModel, CreateEvaluation, or CreateBatchPrediction operations.

If Amazon ML can't accept the input source, it sets the Status parameter to FAILED and includes an error message in the Message attribute of the GetDataSource operation response.

The observations should be contained in the database hosted on an Amazon Redshift cluster and should be specified by a SelectSqlQuery query. Amazon ML executes an Unload command in Amazon Redshift to transfer the result set of the SelectSqlQuery query to S3StagingLocation.

After the DataSource has been created, it's ready for use in evaluations and batch predictions. If you plan to use the DataSource to train an MLModel, the DataSource also requires a recipe. A recipe describes how each input variable will be used in training an MLModel. Will the variable be included or excluded from training? Will the variable be manipulated; for example, will it be combined with another variable or will it be split apart into word combinations? The recipe provides answers to these questions.

You can't change an existing datasource, but you can copy and modify the settings from an existing Amazon Redshift datasource to create a new datasource. To do so, call GetDataSource for an existing datasource and copy the values to a CreateDataSource call. Change the settings that you want to change and make sure that all required fields have the appropriate values.

Request Syntax

{ "ComputeStatistics": boolean, "DataSourceId": "string", "DataSourceName": "string", "DataSpec": { "DatabaseCredentials": { "Password": "string", "Username": "string" }, "DatabaseInformation": { "ClusterIdentifier": "string", "DatabaseName": "string" }, "DataRearrangement": "string", "DataSchema": "string", "DataSchemaUri": "string", "S3StagingLocation": "string", "SelectSqlQuery": "string" }, "RoleARN": "string" }

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.


The compute statistics for a DataSource. The statistics are generated from the observation data referenced by a DataSource. Amazon ML uses the statistics internally during MLModel training. This parameter must be set to true if the DataSource needs to be used for MLModel training.

Type: Boolean

Required: No


A user-supplied ID that uniquely identifies the DataSource.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 64.

Pattern: [a-zA-Z0-9_.-]+

Required: Yes


A user-supplied name or description of the DataSource.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Maximum length of 1024.

Pattern: .*\S.*|^$

Required: No


The data specification of an Amazon Redshift DataSource:

  • DatabaseInformation -

    • DatabaseName - The name of the Amazon Redshift database.

    • ClusterIdentifier - The unique ID for the Amazon Redshift cluster.

  • DatabaseCredentials - The AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) credentials that are used to connect to the Amazon Redshift database.

  • SelectSqlQuery - The query that is used to retrieve the observation data for the Datasource.

  • S3StagingLocation - The Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) location for staging Amazon Redshift data. The data retrieved from Amazon Redshift using the SelectSqlQuery query is stored in this location.

  • DataSchemaUri - The Amazon S3 location of the DataSchema.

  • DataSchema - A JSON string representing the schema. This is not required if DataSchemaUri is specified.

  • DataRearrangement - A JSON string that represents the splitting and rearrangement requirements for the DataSource.

    Sample - "{\"splitting\":{\"percentBegin\":10,\"percentEnd\":60}}"

Type: RedshiftDataSpec object

Required: Yes


A fully specified role Amazon Resource Name (ARN). Amazon ML assumes the role on behalf of the user to create the following:

  • A security group to allow Amazon ML to execute the SelectSqlQuery query on an Amazon Redshift cluster

  • An Amazon S3 bucket policy to grant Amazon ML read/write permissions on the S3StagingLocation

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 110.

Required: Yes

Response Syntax

{ "DataSourceId": "string" }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.


A user-supplied ID that uniquely identifies the datasource. This value should be identical to the value of the DataSourceID in the request.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 64.

Pattern: [a-zA-Z0-9_.-]+


For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.


A second request to use or change an object was not allowed. This can result from retrying a request using a parameter that was not present in the original request.

HTTP Status Code: 400


An error on the server occurred when trying to process a request.

HTTP Status Code: 500


An error on the client occurred. Typically, the cause is an invalid input value.

HTTP Status Code: 400


The following is a sample request and response of the CreateDataSourceFromRedshift operation.

This example illustrates one usage of CreateDataSourceFromRedshift.

Sample Request

POST / HTTP/1.1 Host: machinelearning.<region>.<domain> x-amz-Date: <Date> Authorization: AWS4-HMAC-SHA256 Credential=<Credential>, SignedHeaders=contenttype;date;host;user-agent;x-amz-date;x-amz-target;x-amzn-requestid,Signature=<Signature> User-Agent: <UserAgentString> Content-Type: application/x-amz-json-1.1 Content-Length: <PayloadSizeBytes> Connection: Keep-Alive X-Amz-Target: AmazonML_20141212.CreateDataSourceFromRedshift { "DataSourceId": "ds-exampleDatasourceId", "DataSourceName": "exampleDatasourceName", "DataSpec": { "DatabaseInformation": { "DatabaseName": "dev", "ClusterIdentifier": "test-cluster-1234" }, "SelectSqlQuery": "select * from table", "DatabaseCredentials": { "Username": "foo", "Password": "foo" }, "S3StagingLocation": "s3://bucketName/", "DataSchemaUri": "s3://bucketName/locationToUri/example.schema.json"}, "RoleARN": "arn:aws:iam::<awsAccountId>:role/username" } }

Sample Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK x-amzn-RequestId: <RequestId> Content-Type: application/x-amz-json-1.1 Content-Length: <PayloadSizeBytes> Date: <Date> {"DataSourceId": "ds-exampleDatasourceId"}

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: