Controlling Access to Amazon ML Resources -with IAM - Amazon Machine Learning

We are no longer updating the Amazon Machine Learning service or accepting new users for it. This documentation is available for existing users, but we are no longer updating it. For more information, see What is Amazon Machine Learning.

Controlling Access to Amazon ML Resources -with IAM

AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) enables you to securely control access to AWS services and resources for your users. Using IAM, you can create and manage AWS users, groups, and roles, and use permissions to allow and deny their access to AWS resources.By using IAM with Amazon Machine Learning (Amazon ML), you can control whether users in your organization can use specific AWS resources and whether they can perform a task using specific Amazon ML API actions.

IAM enables you to:

  • Create users and groups under your AWS account.

  • Assign unique security credentials to each user under your AWS account

  • Control each user's permissions to perform tasks using AWS resources

  • Easily share your AWS resources with the users in your AWS account

  • Create roles for your AWS account and manage permissions to them to define the users or services that can assume them

  • You can create roles in IAM and manage permissions to control which operations can be performed by the entity, or AWS service, that assumes the role. You can also define which entity is allowed to assume the role.

If your organization already has IAM identities, you can use them to grant permissions to perform tasks using AWS resources.

For more information about IAM, see the IAM User Guide.

IAM Policy Syntax

An IAM policy is a JSON document that consists of one or more statements. Each statement has the following structure:

{ "Statement":[{ "Effect":"effect", "Action":"action", "Resource":"arn", "Condition":{ "condition operator":{ "key":"value" } } }] }

A policy statement includes the following elements:

  • Effect: Controls permission to use the resources and API actions that you will specify later in the statement. Valid values are Allow and  Deny. By default, IAM users don't have permission to use resources and API actions, so all requests are denied. An explicit Allow overrides the default. An explicit Deny overrides any Allows.

  • Action: The specific API action or actions for which you are granting or denying permission.

  • Resource: The resource that's affected by the action. To specify a resource in the statement, you use its Amazon Resource Name (ARN).

  • Condition (optional): Controls when your policy will be in effect.

To simplify creating and managing IAM policies, you can use the AWS Policy Generator and the IAM Policy Simulator.

Specifying IAM Policy Actions for Amazon MLAmazon ML

In an IAM policy statement, you can specify an API action for any service that supports IAM. When you create a policy statement for Amazon ML API actions, prepend machinelearning: to the name of the API action, as shown in the following examples:

  • machinelearning:CreateDataSourceFromS3

  • machinelearning:DescribeDataSources

  • machinelearning:DeleteDataSource

  • machinelearning:GetDataSource

To specify multiple actions in a single statement, separate them with commas:

"Action": ["machinelearning:action1", "machinelearning:action2"]

You can also specify multiple actions using wildcards. For example, you can specify all actions whose name begins with the word "Get":

"Action": "machinelearning:Get*"

To specify all Amazon ML actions, use the * wildcard:

"Action": "machinelearning:*"

For the complete list of Amazon ML API actions, see the Amazon Machine Learning API Reference.

Specifying ARNs for Amazon ML Resources in IAM Policies

IAM policy statements apply to one or more resources. You specify resources for your policies by their ARNs.

To specify the ARNs for Amazon ML resources, use the following format:

"Resource": arn:aws:machinelearning:region:account:resource-type/identifier

The following examples show how to specify common ARNs.

Datasource ID: my-s3-datasource-id

"Resource": arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:datasource/my-s3-datasource-id

ML model ID: my-ml-model-id

"Resource": arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:mlmodel/my-ml-model-id

Batch prediction ID: my-batchprediction-id

"Resource": arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:batchprediction/my-batchprediction-id

Evaluation ID: my-evaluation-id

"Resource": arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:evaluation/my-evaluation-id

Example Policies for Amazon MLs

Example 1: Allow users to read machine learning resources metadata

The following policy allows a user or group read the metadata of datasources, ML models, batch predictions, and evaluations by performing DescribeDataSources, DescribeMLModels, DescribeBatchPredictions, DescribeEvaluations, GetDataSource, GetMLModel, GetBatchPrediction, and GetEvaluation actions on the specified resource(s). The Describe * operations permissions can't be restricted to a particular resource.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "machinelearning:Get*" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:datasource/S3-DS-ID1", "arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:datasource/REDSHIFT-DS-ID1", "arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:mlmodel/ML-MODEL-ID1", "arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:batchprediction/BP-ID1", "arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:evaluation/EV-ID1" ] }, { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "machinelearning:Describe*" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] }] }

Example 2: Allow users to create machine learning resources

The following policy allows a user or group to create machine learning datasources, ML models, batch predictions, and evaluations by performing CreateDataSourceFromS3, CreateDataSourceFromRedshift, CreateDataSourceFromRDS, CreateMLModel, CreateBatchPrediction, and CreateEvaluation actions. You can't restrict the permissions for these actions to a specific resource.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "machinelearning:CreateDataSourceFrom*", "machinelearning:CreateMLModel", "machinelearning:CreateBatchPrediction", "machinelearning:CreateEvaluation" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] }] }

Example 3: Allow users to create and delete) real-time endpoints and perform real-time predictions on an ML model

The following policy allows users or groups to create and delete real-time endpoints and perform real-time predictions for a specific ML model by performing CreateRealtimeEndpoint, DeleteRealtimeEndpoint, and Predict actions on that model.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "machinelearning:CreateRealtimeEndpoint", "machinelearning:DeleteRealtimeEndpoint", "machinelearning:Predict" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:mlmodel/ML-MODEL" ] }] }

Example 4: Allow users to update and delete specific resources

The following policy allows a user or group to update and delete specific resources in your AWS account by giving them permission to perform UpdateDataSource, UpdateMLModel, UpdateBatchPrediction, UpdateEvaluation, DeleteDataSource, DeleteMLModel, DeleteBatchPrediction, and DeleteEvaluation actions on those resources in your account.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "machinelearning:Update*", "machinelearning:DeleteDataSource", "machinelearning:DeleteMLModel", "machinelearning:DeleteBatchPrediction", "machinelearning:DeleteEvaluation" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:datasource/S3-DS-ID1", "arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:datasource/REDSHIFT-DS-ID1", "arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:mlmodel/ML-MODEL-ID1", "arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:batchprediction/BP-ID1", "arn:aws:machinelearning:<region>:<your-account-id>:evaluation/EV-ID1" ] }] }

Example 5: Allow any Amazon MLaction

The following policy allows a user or group to use any Amazon ML action. Because this policy grants full access to all of your machine learning resources, restrict it to administrators only.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "machinelearning:*" ], "Resource": [ "*" ] }] }