Key concepts: Amazon Managed Blockchain (AMB) Query - Amazon Managed Blockchain Query

Key concepts: Amazon Managed Blockchain (AMB) Query

Note

This guide assumes that you're familiar with essential blockchain concepts. These concepts include decentralization, tokens, contracts, transactions, proof-of-work, wallets, public and private keys, staking, mining, halvings, and others.

Amazon Managed Blockchain (AMB) Query provides you with convenient access to multi-blockchain network data, which makes it easier for you to extract contextual data related to blockchain activity. You can use AMB Query to read data from public blockchain networks, such as Bitcoin Mainnet and Ethereum Mainnet. You can also get information, such as current and historical balances of addresses, or you can get a list of blockchain transactions for a given time period. Additionally, you can get details of a given transaction, such as transaction events, which you can further analyze or use in business logic for your applications.

Considerations and limitations for using Amazon Managed Blockchain (AMB) Query

When you use AMB Query, consider the following:

  • Available Regions

    AMB Query is supported in the US East (N. Virginia) us-east-1 Region.

  • Service endpoints

    AMB Query is accessible by using the following endpoint:

    https://managedblockchain-query.us-east-1.amazonaws.com.

  • Supported blockchain networks

    AMB Query supports the following public blockchain networks:

    • Bitcoin Mainnet — The public Bitcoin blockchain network that is secured by proof-of-work consensus, and on which the Bitcoin (BTC) cryptocurrency is issued and transacted. Transactions on Mainnet have actual value (that is, they incur real costs) and are recorded on the public blockchain.

    • Bitcoin Testnet — The testnet for the Bitcoin Mainnet. Bitcoin (BTC) on this network is separate and distinct from Mainnet BTC, and does not usually have any value.

    • Ethereum Mainnet — The proof-of-stake main network for the public Ethereum blockchain. Transactions on Mainnet have actual value (that is, they incur real costs) and are recorded on the distributed ledger.

    • Sepolia Testnet — The testnet for the Ethereum Mainnet. Ether (ETH) on this network is separate and distinct from Mainnet ETH, and does not usually have any value.

  • Supported blockchain tokens and contracts

    AMB Query supports the following native and standard Ethereum contract tokens.

    • Public blockchain native tokens

      • Bitcoin (BTC)— This is the native token of Bitcoin-related blockchains.

      • Ether (ETH)— This is the native token of Ethereum-related blockchains.

    • Ethereum contract standards

      • ERC-20 Token Standard — The ERC-20 is a standard for fungible tokens. It has a property that makes each ERC-20 token exactly the same (in type and value) as another ERC-20 token minted, which means that one token is and will always be equal to all the other tokens. For more information, see the ERC-20 Token Standard on Ethereum.org.

      • ERC-721 Non-fungible Token Standard — The ERC-721 is a standard for non-fungible tokens (NFTs). This type of token is unique and can have a different value than another token from the same contract, possibly due to its age, rarity, or other properties. For more information, see the ERC-721 Token Standard on Ethereum.org.

        ERC-1155 Multi-token Standard — The ERC-1155 is a standard that creates a contract interface that can represent and control any number of fungible and non-fungible token types. In this way, the ERC-1155 token can function the same as ERC-20 and ERC-721 tokens, even functioning as both at the same time. The ERC-1155 token improves on the functionality of both the ERC-20 and ERC-721 standards, making it more efficient, while correcting obvious implementation errors. For more information, see the ERC-1155 Token Standard on Ethereum.org.

  • Finality

    In blockchains, finality is the likelihood that valid transactions won't be reversed by a reorganization. AMB Query uses 6 blocks for the supported Bitcoin networks and it uses 64 blocks for the supported Ethereum networks to determine finality.

    AMB Query's token balance and contract API operations only return data that has reached finality. However, AMB Query's transaction and transaction event API operations can return data for transactions that are confirmed on the blockchain network even if they have not yet reached finality.

  • NULL address not supported

    AMB Query does not support the NULL (0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000) address.

  • Signature Version 4 signing of API calls

    When making calls to the AMB Query APIs, you can do so over an HTTPS connection authenticated using the Signature Version 4 signing process. This means that only authorized IAM principals in the AWS account can make AMB Query API calls. To do this, AWS credentials (an access key ID and secret access key) must be provided with the call.

    Important

    Do not embed client credentials in user-facing applications.

  • AMB Query supports Bitcoin transaction identifiers and transaction hashes

    For Bitcoin networks, AMB Query API operations support both the transaction identifier (transactionId) and the transaction hash (transactionHash). The transactionId is a double-SHA hash of the transaction not including witness data. The transactionHash is a double-SHA hash of the transaction including witness data (also known as witness transaction id).

    When invoking the GetTransaction or ListTransactionEvents API operations for Bitcoin networks, you can specify either the transactionId or the transactionHash. Also, all AMB Query operations on Bitcoin networks that return either a transactionId or a transactionHash will include both values as a part of the response.