Allowing Amazon CloudFront to access your AWS Elemental MediaStore container - AWS Elemental MediaStore

Allowing Amazon CloudFront to access your AWS Elemental MediaStore container

You can use Amazon CloudFront to serve the content that you store in a container in AWS Elemental MediaStore. You can do so in one of the following ways:

Using Origin Access Control (OAC)

You can use the Origin Access Control (OAC) feature of Amazon CloudFront to secure AWS Elemental MediaStore origins with improved security. You can enable AWS Signature Version 4 (SigV4) on CloudFront requests for MediaStore origins and set when and if CloudFront should sign the requests. You can access the OAC feature of CloudFront through the console, APIs, SDK, or CLI, and there are no additional fees for its use.

For more information about using the OAC feature with MediaStore, see Restricting access to a MediaStore origin in the Amazon CloudFront Developer Guide.

Using Shared Secrets

If your AWS Region does not support the OAC feature of Amazon CloudFront, you can attach a policy to your AWS Elemental MediaStore container that grants read access or greater to CloudFront.


We recommend using the OAC feature if your AWS Region supports it. The following procedures require you to configure MediaStore and CloudFront with shared secrets in order to restrict access to MediaStore containers. To follow best security practices, this manual configuration requires periodic rotation of secrets. With OAC on MediaStore origins, you can instruct CloudFront to sign requests using SigV4 and forward them to MediaStore for signature matching, eliminating the need to use and rotate secrets. This ensures that requests are automatically verified before media content is served, making the delivery of media content through MediaStore and CloudFront simpler and more secure.

To allow CloudFront to access your container (console)
  1. Open the MediaStore console at

  2. On the Containers page, choose the container name.

    The container details page appears.

  3. In the Container policy section, attach a policy that grants read access or greater to Amazon CloudFront.

    The following example policy, which is similar to the example policy for Public Read Access over HTTPS, matches these requirements because it allows GetObject and DescribeObject commands from anyone who submits requests to your domain through HTTPS. Furthermore, the following example policy better secures your workflow because it allows CloudFront access to MediaStore objects only when the request occurs over an HTTPS connection and contains the correct Referer header.

    { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "CloudFrontRead", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": "*", "Action": [ "mediastore:GetObject", "mediastore:DescribeObject" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:mediastore:<region>:<owner acct number>:container/<container name>/*", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "aws:Referer": "<secretValue>" }, "Bool": { "aws:SecureTransport": "true" } } } ]}
  4. In the Container CORS policy section, assign a policy that allows the appropriate access level.


    A CORS policy is necessary only if you want to provide access to a browser-based player.

  5. Make note of the following details:

    • The data endpoint that is assigned to your container. You can find this information in the Info section of the Containers page. In CloudFront, the data endpoint is referred to as the origin domain name.

    • The folder structure in the container where the objects are stored. In CloudFront, this is referred to as the origin path. Note that this setting is optional. For more information about origin paths, see the Amazon CloudFront Developer Guide.

  6. In CloudFront, create a distribution that is configured to serve content from AWS Elemental MediaStore. You will need the information that you collected in the preceding step.

After attaching the policy to your MediaStore containers, you must configure CloudFront to use only HTTPS connections for origin requests, and also add a custom header with the correct secret value.

To configure CloudFront to access your container via an HTTPS connection with a secret value for the Referer header (console)
  1. Open the CloudFront console.

  2. On the Origins page, choose your MediaStore origin.

  3. Choose Edit.

  4. Choose HTTPS only for the protocol.

  5. In the Add custom header section, choose Add header.

  6. For the Name, choose Referer. For the value, use the same <secretValue> string that you used in your container policy.

  7. Choose Save and let the changes deploy.