MemoryDB for Redis API and interface VPC endpoints (AWS PrivateLink) - Amazon MemoryDB for Redis

MemoryDB for Redis API and interface VPC endpoints (AWS PrivateLink)

You can establish a private connection between your VPC and Amazon MemoryDB for Redis API endpoints by creating an interface VPC endpoint. Interface endpoints are powered by AWS PrivateLink. AWS PrivateLink allows you to privately access MemoryDB for Redis API operations without an internet gateway, NAT device, VPN connection, or AWS Direct Connect connection.

Instances in your VPC don't need public IP addresses to communicate with MemoryDB for Redis API endpoints. Your instances also don't need public IP addresses to use any of the available MemoryDB API operations. Traffic between your VPC and MemoryDB for Redis doesn't leave the Amazon network. Each interface endpoint is represented by one or more elastic network interfaces in your subnets. For more information on elastic network interfaces, see Elastic network interfaces in the Amazon EC2 User Guide.

After you create an interface VPC endpoint, if you enable private DNS hostnames for the endpoint, the default MemoryDB endpoint (https://memorydb.Region.amazonaws.com) resolves to your VPC endpoint. If you do not enable private DNS hostnames, Amazon VPC provides a DNS endpoint name that you can use in the following format:

VPC_Endpoint_ID.memorydb.Region.vpce.amazonaws.com

For more information, see Interface VPC Endpoints (AWS PrivateLink) in the Amazon VPC User Guide. MemoryDB supports making calls to all of its API Actions inside your VPC.

Note

Private DNS hostnames can be enabled for only one VPC endpoint in the VPC. If you want to create an additional VPC endpoint then private DNS hostname should be disabled for it.

Before you set up an interface VPC endpoint for MemoryDB for Redis API endpoints, ensure that you review Interface endpoint properties and limitations in the Amazon VPC User Guide. All MemoryDB API operations that are relevant to managing MemoryDB for Redis resources are available from your VPC using AWS PrivateLink. VPC endpoint policies are supported for MemoryDB API endpoints. By default, full access to MemoryDB API operations is allowed through the endpoint. For more information, see Controlling access to services with VPC endpoints in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

You can create a VPC endpoint for the MemoryDB for Redis API using either the Amazon VPC console or the AWS CLI. For more information, see Creating an interface endpoint in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

After you create an interface VPC endpoint, you can enable private DNS host names for the endpoint. When you do, the default MemoryDB for Redis endpoint (https://memorydb.Region.amazonaws.com) resolves to your VPC endpoint. For more information, see Accessing a service through an interface endpoint in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

You can attach an endpoint policy to your VPC endpoint that controls access to the MemoryDB API. The policy specifies the following:

  • The principal that can perform actions.

  • The actions that can be performed.

  • The resources on which actions can be performed.

For more information, see Controlling access to services with VPC endpoints in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Example VPC endpoint policy for MemoryDB API actions

The following is an example of an endpoint policy for the MemoryDB API. When attached to an endpoint, this policy grants access to the listed MemoryDB API actions for all principals on all resources.

{ "Statement": [{ "Principal": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "memorydb:CreateCluster", "memorydb:UpdateCluster", "memorydb:CreateSnapshot" ], "Resource": "*" }] }

Example VPC endpoint policy that denies all access from a specified AWS account

The following VPC endpoint policy denies AWS account 123456789012 all access to resources using the endpoint. The policy allows all actions from other accounts.

{ "Statement": [{ "Action": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Resource": "*", "Principal": "*" }, { "Action": "*", "Effect": "Deny", "Resource": "*", "Principal": { "AWS": [ "123456789012" ] } } ] }