Logging - Amazon Managed Streaming for Apache Kafka


You can deliver Apache Kafka broker logs to one or more of the following destination types: Amazon CloudWatch Logs, Amazon S3, Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose. You can also log Amazon MSK API calls with AWS CloudTrail.

Broker logs

Broker logs enable you to troubleshoot your Apache Kafka applications and to analyze their communications with your MSK cluster. You can configure your new or existing MSK cluster to deliver INFO-level broker logs to one or more of the following types of destination resources: a CloudWatch log group, an S3 bucket, a Kinesis Data Firehose delivery stream. Through Kinesis Data Firehose you can then deliver the log data from your delivery stream to Amazon ES. You must create a destination resource before you configure your cluster to deliver broker logs to it. Amazon MSK doesn't create these destination resources for you if they don't already exist. For information about these three types of destination resources and how to create them, see the following documentation:

Required permissions

For Amazon MSK to deliver broker logs to the destinations that you configure, ensure that the AmazonMSKFullAccess policy is attached to your IAM role. To stream broker logs to an S3 bucket, you also need the s3:PutBucketPolicy permission attached to your IAM role. For information about S3 bucket policies, see How Do I Add an S3 Bucket Policy? in the Amazon S3 Console User Guide. For information about IAM policies in general, see Access Management in the IAM User Guide.

Required CMK key policy for use with SSE-KMS buckets

If you enabled server-side encryption for your S3 bucket using AWS KMS-managed keys (SSE-KMS) with a customer managed Customer Master Key (CMK), add the following to the key policy for your CMK so that Amazon MSK can write broker files to the bucket.

{ "Sid": "Allow Amazon MSK to use the key.", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": [ "delivery.logs.amazonaws.com" ] }, "Action": [ "kms:Encrypt", "kms:Decrypt", "kms:ReEncrypt*", "kms:GenerateDataKey*", "kms:DescribeKey" ], "Resource": "*" }

Configuring broker logs using the AWS Management Console

If you are creating a new cluster, look for the Broker log delivery heading in the Monitoring section. You can specify the destinations to which you want Amazon MSK to deliver your broker logs.

For an existing cluster, choose the cluster from your list of clusters, then choose the Details tab. Scroll down to the Monitoring section and then choose its Edit button. You can specify the destinations to which you want Amazon MSK to deliver your broker logs.

Configuring broker logs using the AWS CLI

When you use the create-cluster or the update-monitoring commands, you can optionally specify the logging-info parameter and pass to it a JSON structure like the following example. In this JSON, all three destination types are optional.

{ "BrokerLogs": { "S3": { "Bucket": "ExampleBucketName", "Prefix": "ExamplePrefix", "Enabled": true }, "Firehose": { "DeliveryStream": "ExampleDeliveryStreamName", "Enabled": true }, "CloudWatchLogs": { "Enabled": true, "LogGroup": "ExampleLogGroupName" } } }

Configuring broker logs using the API

You can specify the optional loggingInfo structure in the JSON that you pass to the CreateCluster or UpdateMonitoring operations.

Logging Amazon MSK API calls with AWS CloudTrail

Amazon MSK is integrated with AWS CloudTrail, a service that provides a record of actions taken by a user, role, or an AWS service in Amazon MSK. CloudTrail captures all API calls for Amazon MSK as events. The calls captured include calls from the Amazon MSK console and code calls to the Amazon MSK API operations.

If you create a trail, you can enable continuous delivery of CloudTrail events to an Amazon S3 bucket, including events for Amazon MSK. If you don't configure a trail, you can still view the most recent events in the CloudTrail console in Event history. Using the information collected by CloudTrail, you can determine the request that was made to Amazon MSK, the IP address from which the request was made, who made the request, when it was made, and additional details.

To learn more about CloudTrail, including how to configure and enable it, see the AWS CloudTrail User Guide.

Amazon MSK information in CloudTrail

CloudTrail is enabled on your AWS account when you create the account. When supported event activity occurs in Amazon MSK, that activity is recorded in a CloudTrail event along with other AWS service events in Event history. You can view, search, and download recent events in your AWS account. For more information, see Viewing Events with CloudTrail Event History.

For an ongoing record of events in your AWS account, including events for Amazon MSK, create a trail. A trail enables CloudTrail to deliver log files to an Amazon S3 bucket. By default, when you create a trail in the console, the trail applies to all AWS Regions. The trail logs events from all Regions in the AWS partition and delivers the log files to the Amazon S3 bucket that you specify. Additionally, you can configure other AWS services to further analyze and act upon the event data collected in CloudTrail logs. For more information, see the following:

Amazon MSK logs all operations as events in CloudTrail log files.

Every event or log entry contains information about who generated the request. The identity information helps you determine the following:

  • Whether the request was made with root or AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) user credentials.

  • Whether the request was made with temporary security credentials for a role or federated user.

  • Whether the request was made by another AWS service.

For more information, see the CloudTrail userIdentity Element.

Example: Amazon MSK log file entries

A trail is a configuration that enables delivery of events as log files to an Amazon S3 bucket that you specify. CloudTrail log files contain one or more log entries. An event represents a single request from any source and includes information about the requested action, the date and time of the action, request parameters, and so on. CloudTrail log files aren't an ordered stack trace of the public API calls, so they don't appear in any specific order.

The following example shows CloudTrail log entries that demonstrate the DescribeCluster and DeleteCluster actions.

{ "Records": [ { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "ABCDEF0123456789ABCDE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::012345678901:user/Joe", "accountId": "012345678901", "accessKeyId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "userName": "Joe" }, "eventTime": "2018-12-12T02:29:24Z", "eventSource": "kafka.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DescribeCluster", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.14.67 Python/3.6.0 Windows/10 botocore/1.9.20", "requestParameters": { "clusterArn": "arn%3Aaws%3Akafka%3Aus-east-1%3A012345678901%3Acluster%2Fexamplecluster%2F01234567-abcd-0123-abcd-abcd0123efa-2" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "bd83f636-fdb5-abcd-0123-157e2fbf2bde", "eventID": "60052aba-0123-4511-bcde-3e18dbd42aa4", "readOnly": true, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "012345678901" }, { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "ABCDEF0123456789ABCDE", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::012345678901:user/Joe", "accountId": "012345678901", "accessKeyId": "AIDACKCEVSQ6C2EXAMPLE", "userName": "Joe" }, "eventTime": "2018-12-12T02:29:40Z", "eventSource": "kafka.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DeleteCluster", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.14.67 Python/3.6.0 Windows/10 botocore/1.9.20", "requestParameters": { "clusterArn": "arn%3Aaws%3Akafka%3Aus-east-1%3A012345678901%3Acluster%2Fexamplecluster%2F01234567-abcd-0123-abcd-abcd0123efa-2" }, "responseElements": { "clusterArn": "arn:aws:kafka:us-east-1:012345678901:cluster/examplecluster/01234567-abcd-0123-abcd-abcd0123efa-2", "state": "DELETING" }, "requestID": "c6bfb3f7-abcd-0123-afa5-293519897703", "eventID": "8a7f1fcf-0123-abcd-9bdb-1ebf0663a75c", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "012345678901" } ] }