Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

English, Indian (en-IN)

The following table lists the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes, the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols, and the corresponding visemes for the Indian English voice supported by Amazon Polly.

For additional phonemes used in conjunction with Indian English, see Hindi (hi-IN).

Phoneme/Viseme Table

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Viseme

Consonants

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

bed

p

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

dig

t

d͡ʒ

dZ

voiced postalveolar affricate

jump

S

ð

D

voiced dental fricative

then

T

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

five

f

g

g

voiced velar plosive

game

k

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

house

k

j

j

palatal approximant

yes

i

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

cat

k

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

lay

t

l=

syllabic alveolar lateral approximant

battle

t

m

m

bilabial nasal

mouse

p

m=

syllabic bilabial nasal

anthem

p

n

n

alveolar nasal

nap

t

n=

syllabic alveolar nasal

nap

t

ŋ

N

velar nasal

thing

k

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

pin

p

ɹ

r\

alveolar approximant

red

r

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

seem

s

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

ship

S

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

task

t

t͡ʃ

tS

voiceless postalveolar affricate

chart

S

Θ

T

voiceless dental fricative

thin

T

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

vest

f

w

w

labial-velar approximant

west

u

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

zero

s

ʒ

Z

voiced postalveolar fricative

vision

S

Vowels

ə

@

mid central vowel

arena

@

əʊ

@U

diphthong

goat

@

æ

{

near open-front unrounded vowel

trap

a

aI

diphthong

price

a

aU

diphthong

mouth

a

ɑː

A:

long open-back unrounded vowel

father

a

eI

diphthong

face

e

ɜː

3:

long open mid-central unrounded vowel

nurse

E

ɛ

E

open mid-front unrounded vowel

dress

E

ɛə

E@

diphthong

square

E

i:

i

long close front unrounded vowel

fleece

i

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

kit

i

ɪə

I@

diphthong

near

i

ɔː

OI

long open-mid back rounded vowel

thought

O

ɔɪ

OI

Diphthong

choice

O

ɒ

Q

open back rounded vowel

lot

O

u:

u:

long close-back rounded vowel

goose

u

ʊ

U

near-close near-back rounded vowel

foot

u

ʊə

U@

diphthong

cure

u

ʌ

V

Open-mid-back unrounded vowel

strut

E