Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

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Hindi (hi-IN)

The following table lists the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes, the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols, and the phoneme's sound type for the Hindi voices that are supported by Amazon Polly.

For additional phonemes used in conjunction with Hindi, see English, Indian (en-IN).

Phoneme/Viseme Table

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Consonants

p_h

voiceless aspirated bilabial plosive

फूल (phool)

b_h

voiced aspirated bilabial plosive

भारी (bhaari)

t_d

voiceless dental plosive

तापमान (taapmaan)

t̪ʰ

t_d_h

voiceless aspirated dental plosive

थोड़ा (thoda)

d_d

voiced dental plosive

दिल्ली (dilli)

d̪ʱ

d_d_h

voiced aspirated dental plosive

धोबी (dhobi)

ʈ

t`

voiceless retroflex plosive

टोरा (katora)

ʈʰ

t`_h

voiceless aspirated retroflex plosive

ठंड (thand)

ɖ

d`

voiced retroflex plosive

र (darr)

ɖʱ

d`_h

voiced aspirated retroflex plosive

ढाल (dhal)

tʃʰ

tS_h

voiceless aspirated palatal affricate

छाल (chaal)

dʒʱ

dZ_h

voiced aspirated palatal affricate

झाल (jhaal)

k_h

voiceless aspirated velar plosive

खान (khan)

ɡʱ

g_h

voiced aspirated velar plosive

घान (ghaan)

ɳ

n`

retroflex nasal

क्ष (kshan)

ɾ

4

alveolar flap

राम (ram)

ɽ

r`

plain retroflex flap

ड़ा (bada)

ɽʱ

r`_h

voiced aspirated retroflex flap

ढ़ी (barhi)

ʋ

v\

bilabial approximant

सूल (wasool)

Vowels

ə

@_o

mid central vowel

च्छा (achhaa)

ə̃

@~

nasalised mid central vowel

हँसना (hansnaa)

a

A_o

open front unrounded vowel

ग (aag)

A~

nasalised open front unrounded vowel

घड़ियाँ (ghariyaan)

ɪ

I_o

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

क्कीस (ikkees)

ɪ̃

I~

nasalised near-close near front unrounded vowel

सिंचाई (sinchai)

i

i_o

close front unrounded vowel

बिल्ली (billee)

i~

nasalised close front unrounded vowel

हीं (nahin)

ʊ

U_o

near-close near-back rounded vowel

ल्लू (ullu)

ʊ̃

U~

nasalised near-close near-back rounded vowel

मुँह (munh)

u

u_o

close back rounded vowel

फूल (phool)

u~

nasalised close back rounded vowel

ऊँट (oont)

ɔ

O_o

open-mid back rounded vowel

कौन (kaun)

ɔ̃

O~

nasalised open-mid back rounded vowel

भौं (bhaun)

o

o

close-mid back rounded vowel

सोना (sona)

o~

nasalised close-mid back rounded vowel

क्यों (kyon)

ɛ

E_o

open-mid front unrounded vowel

पैसा (paisa)

ɛ̃

E~

nasalised open-mid front unrounded vowel

मैं (main)

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

क (ek)

e~

nasalised close-mid front unrounded vowel

किताबें (kitabein)