Migrating from AWS Tools for PowerShell Version 3.3 to Version 4 - AWS Tools for PowerShell

Migrating from AWS Tools for PowerShell Version 3.3 to Version 4

AWS Tools for PowerShell version 4 is a backward-compatible update to AWS Tools for PowerShell version 3.3. It adds significant improvements while maintaining existing cmdlet behavior.

Your existing scripts should continue to work after upgrading to the new version, but we do recommend that you test them thoroughly before upgrading your production environments.

This section describes the changes and explains how they might impact your scripts.

New Fully Modularized AWS.Tools Version

The AWSPowerShell.NetCore and AWSPowerShell packages were "monolithic". This meant that all of the AWS services were supported in the same module, making it very large, and growing larger as each new AWS service and feature was added. The new AWS.Tools package is broken up into smaller modules that give you the flexibility to download and install only those that you require for the AWS services that you use. The package includes a shared AWS.Tools.Common module that is required by all of the other modules, and an AWS.Tools.Installer module that simplifies installing, updating, and removing modules as needed.

This also enables auto-importing of cmdlets on first call, without having to first call Import-module. However, to interact with the associated .NET objects before calling a cmdlet, you must still call Import-Module to let PowerShell know about the relevant .NET types.

For example, the following command has a reference to Amazon.EC2.Model.Filter. This type of reference can't trigger auto-importing, so you must call Import-Module first or the command fails.

PS > $filter = [Amazon.EC2.Model.Filter]@{Name="vpc-id";Values="vpc-1234abcd"} InvalidOperation: Unable to find type [Amazon.EC2.Model.Filter].
PS > Import-Module AWS.Tools.EC2 PS > $filter = [Amazon.EC2.Model.Filter]@{Name="vpc-id";Values="vpc-1234abcd"} PS > Get-EC2Instance -Filter $filter -Select Reservations.Instances.InstanceId i-0123456789abcdefg i-0123456789hijklmn

New Get-AWSService cmdlet

To help you discover the names of the modules for each AWS service in the AWS.Tools collection of modules, you can use the Get-AWSService cmdlet.

PS > Get-AWSService Service : ACMPCA CmdletNounPrefix : PCA ModuleName : AWS.Tools.ACMPCA SDKAssemblyVersion : ServiceName : Certificate Manager Private Certificate Authority Service : AlexaForBusiness CmdletNounPrefix : ALXB ModuleName : AWS.Tools.AlexaForBusiness SDKAssemblyVersion : ServiceName : Alexa For Business ...

New -Select Parameter to Control the Object Returned by a Cmdlet

Most cmdlets in version 4 support a new -Select parameter. Each cmdlet calls the AWS service APIs for you using the AWS SDK for .NET. Then the AWS Tools for PowerShell client converts the response into an object that you can use in your PowerShell scripts and pipe to other commands. Sometimes the final PowerShell object has more fields or properties in the original response than you need, and other times you might want the object to include fields or properties of the response that are not there by default. The -Select parameter enables you to specify what is included in the .NET object returned by the cmdlet.

For example, the Get-S3Object cmdlet invokes the Amazon S3 SDK operation ListObjects. That operation returns a ListObjectsResponse object. However, by default, the Get-S3Object cmdlet returns only the S3Objects element of the SDK response to the PowerShell user. In the following example, that object is an array with two elements.

PS > Get-S3Object -BucketName mybucket ETag : "01234567890123456789012345678901111" BucketName : mybucket Key : file1.txt LastModified : 9/30/2019 1:31:40 PM Owner : Amazon.S3.Model.Owner Size : 568 StorageClass : STANDARD ETag : "01234567890123456789012345678902222" BucketName : mybucket Key : file2.txt LastModified : 7/15/2019 9:36:54 AM Owner : Amazon.S3.Model.Owner Size : 392 StorageClass : STANDARD

In AWS Tools for PowerShell version 4, you can specify -Select * to return the complete .NET response object returned by the SDK API call.

PS > Get-S3Object -BucketName mybucket -Select * IsTruncated : False NextMarker : S3Objects : {file1.txt, file2.txt} Name : mybucket Prefix : MaxKeys : 1000 CommonPrefixes : {} Delimiter :

You can also specify the path to the specific nested property you want. The following example returns only the Key property of each element in the S3Objects array.

PS > Get-S3Object -BucketName mybucket -Select S3Objects.Key file1.txt file2.txt

In certain situations it can be useful to return a cmdlet parameter. You can do this with -Select ^ParameterName. This feature supplants the -PassThru parameter, which is still available but deprecated.

PS > Get-S3Object -BucketName mybucket -Select S3Objects.Key | >> Write-S3ObjectTagSet -Select ^Key -BucketName mybucket -Tagging_TagSet @{ Key='key'; Value='value'} file1.txt file2.txt

The reference topic for each cmdlet identifies whether it supports the -Select parameter.

More Consistent Limiting of the Number of Items in the Output

Earlier versions of AWS Tools for PowerShell enabled you to use the -MaxItems parameter to specify the maximum number of objects returned in the final output.

This behavior is removed from AWS.Tools.

This behavior is deprecated in AWSPowerShell.NetCore and AWSPowerShell, and will be removed from those versions in a future release.

If the underlying service API supports a MaxItems parameter, it's still available and functions as the API specifies. But it no longer has the added behavior of limiting the number of items returned in the output of the cmdlet.

To limit the number of items returned in the final output, pipe the output to the Select-Items cmdlet and specify the -First n parameter, where n is the maximum number of items to include in the final output.

PS > Get-S3Object -BucketName mybucket -Select S3Objects.Key | select -first 1* file1.txt

Not all AWS services supported -MaxItems in the same way, so this removes that inconsistency and the unexpected results that sometimes occurred. Also, -MaxItems combined with the new -Select parameter could sometimes result in confusing results.

Easier to Use Stream Parameters

Parameters of type Stream or byte[] can now accept string, string[], or FileInfo values.

For example, you can use any of the following examples.

PS > Invoke-LMFunction -FunctionName MyTestFunction -PayloadStream '{ >> "some": "json" >> }'
PS > Invoke-LMFunction -FunctionName MyTestFunction -PayloadStream (ls .\some.json)
PS > Invoke-LMFunction -FunctionName MyTestFunction -PayloadStream @('{', '"some": "json"', '}')

AWS Tools for PowerShell converts all strings to byte[] using UTF-8 encoding.

Extending the Pipe by Property Name

To make the user experience more consistent, you can now pass pipeline input by specifying the property name for any parameter.

In the following example, we create a custom object with properties that have names that match the parameter names of the target cmdlet. When the cmdlet runs, it automatically consumes those properties as its parameters.

PS > [pscustomobject] @{ BucketName='myBucket'; Key='file1.txt'; PartNumber=1 } | Get-S3ObjectMetadata

Some properties supported this in earlier versions of AWS Tools for PowerShell. Version 4 makes this more consistent by enabling it for all parameters.

Static Common Parameters

To improve consistency in version 4.0 of AWS Tools for PowerShell, all parameters are static.

In earlier versions of AWS Tools for PowerShell, some common parameters such as AccessKey,SecretKey, ProfileName, or Region, were dynamic, while all other parameters were static. This could create problems because PowerShell binds static parameters before dynamic ones. For example, let's say you ran the following command.

PS > Get-EC2Region -Region us-west-2

Earlier versions of PowerShell bound the value us-west-2 to the -RegionName static parameter instead of the -Region dynamic parameter. Likely, this could confuse users.

AWS.Tools Declares and Enforces Manadatory Parameters

The AWS.Tools.* modules now declare and enforce mandatory cmdlet parameters. When an AWS Service declares that a parameter of an API is required, PowerShell prompts you for the corresponding cmdlet parameter if you didn't specify it. This applies only to AWS.Tools. To ensure backward compatibility, this does not apply to AWSPowerShell.NetCore or AWSPowerShell.

All Parameters Are Nullable

You can now assign $null to value type parameters (numbers and dates). This change should not affect existing scripts. This enables you to bypass the prompt for a mandatory parameter. Mandatory parameters are enforced in AWS.Tools only.

If you run the following example using version 4, it effectively bypasses client-side validation because you provide a "value" for each mandatory parameter. However, the Amazon EC2 API service call fails because the AWS service still requires that information.

PS > Get-EC2InstanceAttribute -InstanceId $null -Attribute $null WARNING: You are passing $null as a value for parameter Attribute which is marked as required. In case you believe this parameter was incorrectly marked as required, report this by opening an issue at https://github.com/aws/aws-tools-for-powershell/issues. WARNING: You are passing $null as a value for parameter InstanceId which is marked as required. In case you believe this parameter was incorrectly marked as required, report this by opening an issue at https://github.com/aws/aws-tools-for-powershell/issues. Get-EC2InstanceAttribute : The request must contain the parameter instanceId

Removing Previously Deprecated Features

The following features were deprecated in previous releases of AWS Tools for PowerShell and are removed in version 4:

  • Removed the -Terminate parameter from the Stop-EC2Instance cmdlet. Use Remove-EC2Instance instead.

  • Removed the -ProfileName parameter from the Clear-AWSCredential cmdlet. Use Remove-AWSCredentialProfile instead.

  • Removed cmdlets Import-EC2Instance and Import-EC2Volume.