Give SageMaker Processing Jobs Access to Resources in Your Amazon VPC - Amazon SageMaker

Give SageMaker Processing Jobs Access to Resources in Your Amazon VPC

To control access to your data and processing jobs, create a Amazon VPC with private subnets. For information about creating and configuring a VPC, see Get Started With Amazon VPC in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

You can monitor all network traffic in and out of your processing containers by using VPC flow logs. For more information, see VPC Flow Logs in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

This document explains how to add Amazon VPC configurations for processing jobs.

Configure a Processing Job for Amazon VPC Access

You configure the processing job by specifying the subnets and security group IDs within the VPC. You don’t need to specify the subnet for the processing container. Amazon SageMaker automatically pulls the processing container from Amazon ECR. For more information about processing containers, see Process data.

When creating a processing job, you can specify subnets and security groups in your VPC using either the SageMaker console or the API.

To use the API, you specify the subnets and security group IDs in the NetworkConfig.VpcConfig parameter of the CreateProcessingJob operation. SageMaker uses the subnet and security group details to create the network interfaces and attaches them to the processing containers. The network interfaces provide the processing containers with a network connection within your VPC. This allows the processing job to connect to resources that exist in your VPC.

The following is an example of the VpcConfig parameter that you include in your call to the CreateProcessingJob operation:

VpcConfig: { "Subnets": [ "subnet-0123456789abcdef0", "subnet-0123456789abcdef1", "subnet-0123456789abcdef2" ], "SecurityGroupIds": [ "sg-0123456789abcdef0" ] }

Configure Your Private VPC for SageMaker Processing

When configuring the private VPC for your SageMaker processing jobs, use the following guidelines. For information about setting up a VPC, see Working with VPCs and Subnets in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Ensure That Subnets Have Enough IP Addresses

Your VPC subnets should have at least two private IP addresses for each instance in a processing job. For more information, see VPC and Subnet Sizing for IPv4 in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Create an Amazon S3 VPC Endpoint

If you configure your VPC so that processing containers don't have access to the internet, they can't connect to the Amazon S3 buckets that contain your data unless you create a VPC endpoint that allows access. By creating a VPC endpoint, you allow your processing containers to access the buckets where you store your data. We recommend that you also create a custom policy that allows only requests from your private VPC to access to your S3 buckets. For more information, see Endpoints for Amazon S3.

To create an S3 VPC endpoint:
  1. Open the Amazon VPC console at

  2. In the navigation pane, choose Endpoints, then choose Create Endpoint

  3. For Service Name, choose com.amazonaws.region.s3, where region is the name of the region where your VPC resides.

  4. For VPC, choose the VPC you want to use for this endpoint.

  5. For Configure route tables, select the route tables to be used by the endpoint. The VPC service automatically adds a route to each route table you select that points any S3 traffic to the new endpoint.

  6. For Policy, choose Full Access to allow full access to the S3 service by any user or service within the VPC. Choose Custom to restrict access further. For information, see Use a Custom Endpoint Policy to Restrict Access to S3.

Use a Custom Endpoint Policy to Restrict Access to S3

The default endpoint policy allows full access to S3 for any user or service in your VPC. To further restrict access to S3, create a custom endpoint policy. For more information, see Using Endpoint Policies for Amazon S3. You can also use a bucket policy to restrict access to your S3 buckets to only traffic that comes from your Amazon VPC. For information, see Using Amazon S3 Bucket Policies.

Restrict Package Installation on the Processing Container

The default endpoint policy allows users to install packages from the Amazon Linux and Amazon Linux 2 repositories on the processing container. If you don't want users to install packages from that repository, create a custom endpoint policy that explicitly denies access to the Amazon Linux and Amazon Linux 2 repositories. The following is an example of a policy that denies access to these repositories:

{ "Statement": [ { "Sid": "AmazonLinuxAMIRepositoryAccess", "Principal": "*", "Action": [ "s3:GetObject" ], "Effect": "Deny", "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::packages.**", "arn:aws:s3:::repo.**" ] } ] } { "Statement": [ { "Sid": "AmazonLinux2AMIRepositoryAccess", "Principal": "*", "Action": [ "s3:GetObject" ], "Effect": "Deny", "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::amazonlinux.**" ] } ] }

Configure Route Tables

Use default DNS settings for your endpoint route table, so that standard Amazon S3 URLs (for example, resolve. If you don't use default DNS settings, ensure that the URLs that you use to specify the locations of the data in your processing jobs resolve by configuring the endpoint route tables. For information about VPC endpoint route tables, see Routing for Gateway Endpoints in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Configure the VPC Security Group

In distributed processing, you must allow communication between the different containers in the same processing job. To do that, configure a rule for your security group that allows inbound connections between members of the same security group. For more information, see Security Group Rules.

Connect to Resources Outside Your VPC

If you're connecting your models to resources outside the VPC that they're running in, do one of the following:

  • Connect to other AWS services – If your model needs access to an AWS service that supports interface Amazon VPC endpoints, create an endpoint to connect to that service. For a list of services that support interface endpoints, see AWS services that integrate with AWS PrivateLink in the AWS PrivateLink User Guide. For information about creating an interface VPC endpoint, see Access an AWS service using an interface VPC endpoint in the AWS PrivateLink User Guide.

  • Connect to resources over the internet – If your models are running on instances in an Amazon VPC that does not have a subnet with access to the internet, the models won't have access to resources on the internet. If your model needs access to an AWS service that doesn't support interface VPC endpoints, or to a resource outside of AWS, ensure that you are running your models in a private subnet that has access to the internet using a public NAT gateway in a public subnet. After you have your models running in the private subnet, configure your security groups and network access control lists (NACLs) to allow outbound connections from the private subnet to the public NAT gateway in the public subnet. For information, see NAT gateways in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Monitor Amazon SageMaker Processing Jobs with CloudWatch Logs and Metrics

Amazon SageMaker provides Amazon CloudWatch logs and metrics to monitor training jobs. CloudWatch provides CPU, GPU, memory, GPU memory, and disk metrics, and event logging. For more information about monitoring Amazon SageMaker processing jobs, see Monitor Amazon SageMaker with Amazon CloudWatch and SageMaker Jobs and Endpoint Metrics.