Publishing Messages in Amazon SNS - AWS SDK for JavaScript

The AWS SDK for JavaScript V3 API Reference Guide describes in detail all the API operations for the AWS SDK for JavaScript version 3 (V3).

Publishing Messages in Amazon SNS

                    JavaScript code example that applies to Node.js execution

This Node.js code example shows:

  • How to publish messages to an Amazon SNS topic.

The Scenario

In this example, you use a series of Node.js modules to publish messages from Amazon SNS to topic endpoints, emails, or phone numbers. The Node.js modules use the SDK for JavaScript to send messages using this method of the SNS client class:

Prerequisite Tasks

To set up and run this example, you must first complete these tasks:

  • Set up the project environment to run these Node TypeScript examples, and install the required AWS SDK for JavaScript and third-party modules. Follow the instructions on GitHub.

  • Create a shared configurations file with your user credentials. For more information about providing a credentials JSON file, see Loading credentials in Node.js from the shared credentials file.


These examples demonstrate how to import/export client service objects and command using ECMAScript6 (ES6).

Publishing a Message to an SNS Topic

In this example, use a Node.js module to publish a message to an Amazon SNS topic.

Create a libs directory, and create a Node.js module with the file name snsClient.js. Copy and paste the code below into it, which creates the Amazon SNS client object. Replace REGION with your AWS Region.

import { SNSClient } from "@aws-sdk/client-sns"; // The AWS Region can be provided here using the `region` property. If you leave it blank // the SDK will default to the region set in your AWS config. export const snsClient = new SNSClient({});

This example code can be found here on GitHub.

Create a Node.js module with the file name publish-topic.js. Configure the SDK as previously shown.

Create an object containing the parameters for publishing a message, including the message text and the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the Amazon SNStopic. For details on available SMS attributes, see SetSMSAttributes.

Pass the parameters to the PublishCommand method of the SNS client class. create an asynchronous function invoking an Amazon SNS client service object, passing the parameters object.


Replace MESSAGE_TEXT with the message text, and TOPIC_ARN with the ARN of the SNS topic.

import { PublishCommand } from "@aws-sdk/client-sns"; import { snsClient } from "../libs/snsClient.js"; /** * @param {string | Record<string, any>} message - The message to send. Can be a plain string or an object * if you are using the `json` `MessageStructure`. * @param {string} topicArn - The ARN of the topic to which you would like to publish. */ export const publish = async ( message = "Hello from SNS!", topicArn = "TOPIC_ARN" ) => { const response = await snsClient.send( new PublishCommand({ Message: message, TopicArn: topicArn, }) ); console.log(response); // { // '$metadata': { // httpStatusCode: 200, // requestId: 'e7f77526-e295-5325-9ee4-281a43ad1f05', // extendedRequestId: undefined, // cfId: undefined, // attempts: 1, // totalRetryDelay: 0 // }, // MessageId: 'xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx' // } return response; };

To run the example, enter the following at the command prompt.

node publish-topic.js

This example code can be found here on GitHub.