SDK authentication with AWS - AWS SDK for PHP

SDK authentication with AWS

You must establish how your code authenticates with AWS when developing with AWS services. You can configure programmatic access to AWS resources in different ways depending on the environment and the AWS access available to you.

To choose your method of authentication and configure it for the SDK, see Authentication and access in the AWS SDKs and Tools Reference Guide.

We recommend that new users who are developing locally and are not given a method of authentication by their employer should set up AWS IAM Identity Center (successor to AWS Single Sign-On). This method includes installing the AWS CLI for ease of configuration and for regularly signing in to the AWS access portal. If you choose this method, your environment should contain the following elements after you complete the procedure for IAM Identity Center authentication in the AWS SDKs and Tools Reference Guide:

  • The AWS CLI, which you use to start an AWS access portal session before you run your application.

  • A shared AWSconfig file having a [default] profile with a set of configuration values that can be referenced from the SDK. To find the location of this file, see Location of the shared files in the AWS SDKs and Tools Reference Guide.

  • The shared config file sets the region setting. This sets the default AWS Region that the SDK uses for AWS requests. This Region is used for SDK service requests that aren't specified with a Region to use.

  • The SDK uses the profile's SSO token provider configuration to acquire credentials before sending requests to AWS. The sso_role_name value, which is an IAM role connected to an IAM Identity Center permission set, allows access to the AWS services used in your application.

    The following sample config file shows a default profile set up with SSO token provider configuration. The profile's sso_session setting refers to the named sso-session section. The sso-session section contains settings to initiate an AWS access portal session.

    [default] sso_session = my-sso sso_account_id = 111122223333 sso_role_name = SampleRole region = us-east-1 output = json [sso-session my-sso] sso_region = us-east-1 sso_start_url = https://provided-domain.awsapps.com/start sso_registration_scopes = sso:account:access

The AWS SDK for PHP does not need additional packages (such as SSO and SSOOIDC) to be added to your application to use IAM Identity Center authentication.

Start an AWS access portal session

Before running an application that accesses AWS services, you need an active AWS access portal session for the SDK to use IAM Identity Center authentication to resolve credentials. Depending on your configured session lengths, your access will eventually expire and the SDK will encounter an authentication error. To sign in to the AWS access portal, run the following command in the AWS CLI.

aws sso login

If you followed the guidance and have a default profile setup, you do not need to call the command with a --profile option. If your SSO token provider configuration is using a named profile, the command is aws sso login --profile named-profile.

To optionally test if you already have an active session, run the following AWS CLI command.

aws sts get-caller-identity

If your session is active, the response to this command reports the IAM Identity Center account and permission set configured in the shared config file.

Note

If you already have an active AWS access portal session and run aws sso login, you will not be required to provide credentials.

The sign-in process might prompt you to allow the AWS CLI access to your data. Because the AWS CLI is built on top of the SDK for Python, permission messages might contain variations of the botocore name.

More authentication information

Human users, also known as human identities, are the people, administrators, developers, operators, and consumers of your applications. They must have an identity to access your AWS environments and applications. Human users that are members of your organization - that means you, the developer - are known as workforce identities.

Use temporary credentials when accessing AWS. You can use an identity provider for your human users to provide federated access to AWS accounts by assuming roles, which provide temporary credentials. For centralized access management, we recommend that you use AWS IAM Identity Center (successor to AWS Single Sign-On) (IAM Identity Center) to manage access to your accounts and permissions within those accounts. For more alternatives, see the following: