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Adds a grant to a KMS key.
A grant is a policy instrument that allows Amazon Web Services principals to use KMS keys in cryptographic operations. It also can allow them to view a KMS key (DescribeKey) and create and manage grants. When authorizing access to a KMS key, grants are considered along with key policies and IAM policies. Grants are often used for temporary permissions because you can create one, use its permissions, and delete it without changing your key policies or IAM policies.
For detailed information about grants, including grant terminology, see Grants in KMS in the Key Management Service Developer Guide. For examples of working with grants in several programming languages, see Programming grants.
CreateGrant operation returns a
GrantToken and a
When you create, retire, or revoke a grant, there might be a brief delay, usually less than five minutes, until the grant is available throughout KMS. This state is known as eventual consistency. Once the grant has achieved eventual consistency, the grantee principal can use the permissions in the grant without identifying the grant.
However, to use the permissions in the grant immediately, use the
CreateGrant returns. For details, see Using
a grant token in the Key Management Service Developer Guide.
CreateGrant operation also returns a
GrantId. You can use the
and a key identifier to identify the grant in the RetireGrant and RevokeGrant
operations. To find the grant ID, use the ListGrants or ListRetirableGrants
The KMS key that you use for this operation must be in a compatible key state. For details, see Key states of KMS keys in the Key Management Service Developer Guide.
Cross-account use: Yes. To perform this operation on a KMS key in a different
Amazon Web Services account, specify the key ARN in the value of the
Required permissions: kms:CreateGrant (key policy)
Eventual consistency: The KMS API follows an eventual consistency model. For more information, see KMS eventual consistency.
This is an asynchronous operation using the standard naming convention for .NET 4.5 or higher. For .NET 3.5 the operation is implemented as a pair of methods using the standard naming convention of BeginCreateGrant and EndCreateGrant.
public virtual Task<CreateGrantResponse> CreateGrantAsync( CreateGrantRequest request, CancellationToken cancellationToken )
Container for the necessary parameters to execute the CreateGrant service method.
A cancellation token that can be used by other objects or threads to receive notice of cancellation.
|The system timed out while trying to fulfill the request. You can retry the request.
|The request was rejected because the specified KMS key is not enabled.
|The request was rejected because the DryRun parameter was specified.
|The request was rejected because a specified ARN, or an ARN in a key policy, is not valid.
|The request was rejected because the specified grant token is not valid.
|The request was rejected because an internal exception occurred. The request can be retried.
|The request was rejected because the state of the specified resource is not valid for this request. This exceptions means one of the following: The key state of the KMS key is not compatible with the operation. To find the key state, use the DescribeKey operation. For more information about which key states are compatible with each KMS operation, see Key states of KMS keys in the Key Management Service Developer Guide. For cryptographic operations on KMS keys in custom key stores, this exception represents a general failure with many possible causes. To identify the cause, see the error message that accompanies the exception.
|The request was rejected because a quota was exceeded. For more information, see Quotas in the Key Management Service Developer Guide.
|The request was rejected because the specified entity or resource could not be found.
.NET Core App:
Supported in: 3.1
Supported in: 2.0
Supported in: 4.5