AWS SDK Version 3 for .NET
API Reference

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Adds a grant to a KMS key.

A grant is a policy instrument that allows Amazon Web Services principals to use KMS keys in cryptographic operations. It also can allow them to view a KMS key (DescribeKey) and create and manage grants. When authorizing access to a KMS key, grants are considered along with key policies and IAM policies. Grants are often used for temporary permissions because you can create one, use its permissions, and delete it without changing your key policies or IAM policies.

For detailed information about grants, including grant terminology, see Grants in KMS in the Key Management Service Developer Guide. For examples of working with grants in several programming languages, see Programming grants.

The CreateGrant operation returns a GrantToken and a GrantId.

The KMS key that you use for this operation must be in a compatible key state. For details, see Key states of KMS keys in the Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Cross-account use: Yes. To perform this operation on a KMS key in a different Amazon Web Services account, specify the key ARN in the value of the KeyId parameter.

Required permissions: kms:CreateGrant (key policy)

Related operations:


For .NET Core this operation is only available in asynchronous form. Please refer to CreateGrantAsync.

Namespace: Amazon.KeyManagementService
Assembly: AWSSDK.KeyManagementService.dll
Version: 3.x.y.z


public virtual CreateGrantResponse CreateGrant(
         CreateGrantRequest request
Type: Amazon.KeyManagementService.Model.CreateGrantRequest

Container for the necessary parameters to execute the CreateGrant service method.

Return Value
The response from the CreateGrant service method, as returned by KeyManagementService.


DependencyTimeoutException The system timed out while trying to fulfill the request. You can retry the request.
DisabledException The request was rejected because the specified KMS key is not enabled.
InvalidArnException The request was rejected because a specified ARN, or an ARN in a key policy, is not valid.
InvalidGrantTokenException The request was rejected because the specified grant token is not valid.
KMSInternalException The request was rejected because an internal exception occurred. The request can be retried.
KMSInvalidStateException The request was rejected because the state of the specified resource is not valid for this request. This exceptions means one of the following: The key state of the KMS key is not compatible with the operation. To find the key state, use the DescribeKey operation. For more information about which key states are compatible with each KMS operation, see Key states of KMS keys in the Key Management Service Developer Guide. For cryptographic operations on KMS keys in custom key stores, this exception represents a general failure with many possible causes. To identify the cause, see the error message that accompanies the exception.
LimitExceededException The request was rejected because a quota was exceeded. For more information, see Quotas in the Key Management Service Developer Guide.
NotFoundException The request was rejected because the specified entity or resource could not be found.


The following example creates a grant that allows the specified IAM role to encrypt data with the specified KMS key.

To create a grant

var client = new AmazonKeyManagementServiceClient();
var response = client.CreateGrant(new CreateGrantRequest 
    GranteePrincipal = "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:role/ExampleRole", // The identity that is given permission to perform the operations specified in the grant.
    KeyId = "arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:444455556666:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab", // The identifier of the KMS key to which the grant applies. You can use the key ID or the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the KMS key.
    Operations = new List<string> {
    } // A list of operations that the grant allows.

string grantId = response.GrantId; // The unique identifier of the grant.
string grantToken = response.GrantToken; // The grant token.


Version Information

.NET Framework:
Supported in: 4.5, 4.0, 3.5

See Also