Amazon Elastic File System controls - AWS Security Hub

Amazon Elastic File System controls

These controls are related to Amazon EFS resources.

These controls may not be available in all AWS Regions. For more information, see Availability of controls by Region.

[EFS.1] Elastic File System should be configured to encrypt file data at-rest using AWS KMS

Related requirements: CIS AWS Foundations Benchmark v3.0.0/2.4.1, NIST.800-53.r5 CA-9(1), NIST.800-53.r5 CM-3(6), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-13, NIST.800-53.r5 SC-28, NIST.800-53.r5 SC-28(1), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(10), NIST.800-53.r5 SI-7(6)

Category: Protect > Data protection > Encryption of data at rest

Severity: Medium

Resource type: AWS::EFS::FileSystem

AWS Config rule: efs-encrypted-check

Schedule type: Periodic

Parameters: None

This control checks whether Amazon Elastic File System is configured to encrypt the file data using AWS KMS. The check fails in the following cases.

Note that this control does not use the KmsKeyId parameter for efs-encrypted-check. It only checks the value of Encrypted.

For an added layer of security for your sensitive data in Amazon EFS, you should create encrypted file systems. Amazon EFS supports encryption for file systems at-rest. You can enable encryption of data at rest when you create an Amazon EFS file system. To learn more about Amazon EFS encryption, see Data encryption in Amazon EFS in the Amazon Elastic File System User Guide.

Remediation

For details on how to encrypt a new Amazon EFS file system, see Encrypting data at rest in the Amazon Elastic File System User Guide.

[EFS.2] Amazon EFS volumes should be in backup plans

Related requirements: NIST.800-53.r5 CP-10, NIST.800-53.r5 CP-6, NIST.800-53.r5 CP-6(1), NIST.800-53.r5 CP-6(2), NIST.800-53.r5 CP-9, NIST.800-53.r5 SC-5(2), NIST.800-53.r5 SI-12, NIST.800-53.r5 SI-13(5)

Category: Recover > Resilience > Backup

Severity: Medium

Resource type: AWS::EFS::FileSystem

AWS Config rule: efs-in-backup-plan

Schedule type: Periodic

Parameters: None

This control checks whether Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) file systems are added to the backup plans in AWS Backup. The control fails if Amazon EFS file systems are not included in the backup plans.

Including EFS file systems in the backup plans helps you to protect your data from deletion and data loss.

Remediation

To enable automatic backups for an existing Amazon EFS file system, see Getting started 4: Create Amazon EFS automatic backups in the AWS Backup Developer Guide.

[EFS.3] EFS access points should enforce a root directory

Related requirements: NIST.800-53.r5 AC-6(10)

Category: Protect > Secure access management

Severity: Medium

Resource type: AWS::EFS::AccessPoint

AWS Config rule: efs-access-point-enforce-root-directory

Schedule type: Change triggered

Parameters: None

This control checks if Amazon EFS access points are configured to enforce a root directory. The control fails if the value of Path is set to / (the default root directory of the file system).

When you enforce a root directory, the NFS client using the access point uses the root directory configured on the access point instead of the file system's root directory. Enforcing a root directory for an access point helps restrict data access by ensuring that users of the access point can only reach files of the specified subdirectory.

Remediation

For instructions on how to enforce a root directory for an Amazon EFS access point, see Enforcing a root directory with an access point in the Amazon Elastic File System User Guide.

[EFS.4] EFS access points should enforce a user identity

Related requirements: NIST.800-53.r5 AC-6(2)

Category: Protect > Secure access management

Severity: Medium

Resource type: AWS::EFS::AccessPoint

AWS Config rule: efs-access-point-enforce-user-identity

Schedule type: Change triggered

Parameters: None

This control checks whether Amazon EFS access points are configured to enforce a user identity. This control fails if a POSIX user identity is not defined while creating the EFS access point.

Amazon EFS access points are application-specific entry points into an EFS file system that make it easier to manage application access to shared datasets. Access points can enforce a user identity, including the user's POSIX groups, for all file system requests that are made through the access point. Access points can also enforce a different root directory for the file system so that clients can only access data in the specified directory or its subdirectories.

Remediation

To enforce a user identity for an Amazon EFS access point, see Enforcing a user identity using an access point in the Amazon Elastic File System User Guide.

[EFS.5] EFS access points should be tagged

Category: Identify > Inventory > Tagging

Severity: Low

Resource type: AWS::EFS::AccessPoint

AWS Configrule: tagged-efs-accesspoint (custom Security Hub rule)

Schedule type: Change triggered

Parameters:

Parameter Description Type Allowed custom values Security Hub default value
requiredTagKeys List of non-system tag keys that the evaluated resource must contain. Tag keys are case sensitive. StringList List of tags that meet AWS requirements No default value

This control checks whether an Amazon EFS access point has tags with the specific keys defined in the parameter requiredTagKeys. The control fails if the access point doesn’t have any tag keys or if it doesn’t have all the keys specified in the parameter requiredTagKeys. If the parameter requiredTagKeys isn't provided, the control only checks for the existence of a tag key and fails if the access point isn't tagged with any key. System tags, which are automatically applied and begin with aws:, are ignored.

A tag is a label that you assign to an AWS resource, and it consists of a key and an optional value. You can create tags to categorize resources by purpose, owner, environment, or other criteria. Tags can help you identify, organize, search for, and filter resources. Tagging also helps you track accountable resource owners for actions and notifications. When you use tagging, you can implement attribute-based access control (ABAC) as an authorization strategy, which defines permissions based on tags. You can attach tags to IAM entities (users or roles) and to AWS resources. You can create a single ABAC policy or a separate set of policies for your IAM principals. You can design these ABAC policies to allow operations when the principal's tag matches the resource tag. For more information, see What is ABAC for AWS? in the IAM User Guide.

Note

Don’t add personally identifiable information (PII) or other confidential or sensitive information in tags. Tags are accessible to many AWS services, including AWS Billing. For more tagging best practices, see Tagging your AWS resources in the AWS General Reference.

Remediation

To add tags to an EFS access point, see Tagging Amazon EFS resources in the Amazon Elastic File System User Guide.

[EFS.6] EFS mount targets should not be associated with a public subnet

Category: Protect > Secure network configuration > Resources not publicly accessible

Severity: Medium

Resource type: AWS::EFS::FileSystem

AWS Config rule: efs-mount-target-public-accessible

Schedule type: Periodic

Parameters: None

This control checks whether an Amazon EFS mount target is associated with a private subnet. The control fails if the mount target is associated with a public subnet.

By default, an file system is only accessible from the virtual private cloud (VPC) in which you created it. We recommend creating EFS mount targets in private subnets that are not accessible from the internet. This helps ensure that your file system is only accessible to authorized users and isn't vulnerable to unauthorized access or attacks.

Remediation

You can't change the association between an EFS mount target and a subnet after creating the mount target. To associate an existing mount target with a different subnet, you must create a new mount target in a private subnet and then remove the old mount target. For information about managing mount targets, see Creating and managing mount targets and security groups in the Amazon Elastic File System User Guide.