aws:executeScript – Run a script - AWS Systems Manager

aws:executeScript – Run a script

Runs the Python or PowerShell script provided using the specified runtime and handler. Each aws:executeScript action can run up to a maximum duration of 600 seconds (10 minutes). You can limit the timeout by specifying the timeoutSeconds parameter for an aws:executeScript step.

Use return statements in your function to add outputs to your output payload. For examples of defining outputs for your aws:executeScript action, see Example 2: Scripted runbook. You can also send the output from aws:executeScript actions in your runbooks to the Amazon CloudWatch Logs log group you specify. For more information, see Logging Automation action output with CloudWatch Logs.

If you want to send output from aws:executeScript actions to CloudWatch Logs, or if the scripts you specify for aws:executeScript actions call AWS API operations, an AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) service role (or assume role) is always required to run the runbook.

The aws:executeScript action contains the following preinstalled PowerShell Core modules:

  • Microsoft.PowerShell.Host

  • Microsoft.PowerShell.Management

  • Microsoft.PowerShell.Security

  • Microsoft.PowerShell.Utility

  • PackageManagement

  • PowerShellGet

To use PowerShell Core modules that aren't preinstalled, your script must install the module with the -Force flag, as shown in the following command. The AWSPowerShell.NetCore module isn't supported. Replace ModuleName with the module you want to install.

Install-Module ModuleName -Force

To use PowerShell Core cmdlets in your script, we recommend using the AWS.Tools modules, as shown in the following commands. Replace each example resource placeholder with your own information.

  • Amazon S3 cmdlets.

    Install-Module AWS.Tools.S3 -Force Get-S3Bucket -BucketName bucketname
  • Amazon EC2 cmdlets.

    Install-Module AWS.Tools.EC2 -Force Get-EC2InstanceStatus -InstanceId instanceId
  • Common, or service independent AWS Tools for Windows PowerShell cmdlets.

    Install-Module AWS.Tools.Common -Force Get-AWSRegion

If your script initializes new objects in addition to using PowerShell Core cmdlets, you must also import the module as shown in the following command.

Install-Module AWS.Tools.EC2 -Force Import-Module AWS.Tools.EC2 $tag = New-Object Amazon.EC2.Model.Tag $tag.Key = "Tag" $tag.Value = "TagValue" New-EC2Tag -Resource i-02573cafcfEXAMPLE -Tag $tag

For examples of installing and importing AWS.Tools modules, and using PowerShell Core cmdlets in runbooks, see Using Document Builder to create a custom runbook.

Input

Provide the information required to run your script. Replace each example resource placeholder with your own information.

Note

The attachment for a Python script can be a .py file or a .zip file that contains the script. PowerShell scripts must be stored in .zip files.

YAML
action: "aws:executeScript" inputs: Runtime: runtime Handler: "functionName" InputPayload: scriptInput: '{{parameterValue}}' Script: |- def functionName(events, context): ... Attachment: "scriptAttachment.zip"
JSON
{ "action": "aws:executeScript", "inputs": { "Runtime": "runtime", "Handler": "functionName", "InputPayload": { "scriptInput": "{{parameterValue}}" }, "Attachment": "scriptAttachment.zip" } }
Runtime

The runtime language to be used for running the provided script. aws:executeScript supports Python 3.6 (python3.6), Python 3.7 (python3.7), Python 3.8 (python3.8), PowerShell Core 6.0 (dotnetcore2.1), and PowerShell 7.0 (dotnetcore3.1) scripts.

Supported values: python3.6 | python3.7 | python3.8 | PowerShell Core 6.0 | PowerShell 7.0

Type: String

Required: Yes

Handler

The name of your function. You must ensure the function defined in the handler has two parameters, events and context. The PowerShell runtime does not support this parameter.

Type: String

Required: Yes (Python) | Not supported (PowerShell)

InputPayload

A JSON or YAML object that will be passed to the first parameter of the handler. This can be used to pass input data to the script.

Type: String

Required: No

Script

An embedded script that you want to run during the automation. This parameter is not supported for JSON runbooks. JSON runbooks must provide script content using the Attachment input parameter.

Type: String

Required: No (Python) | Yes (PowerShell)

Attachment

The name of a standalone script file or .zip file that can be invoked by the action. Specify the same value as the Name of the document attachment file you specify in the Attachments request parameter. For more information, see Attachments in the AWS Systems Manager API Reference. If you're providing a script using an attachment, you must also define a files section in the top-level elements of your runbook. For more information, see Schema version 0.3.

To invoke a file for Python, use the filename.method_name format in Handler.

Note

The attachment for a Python script can be a .py file or a .zip file that contains the script. PowerShell scripts must be stored in .zip files.

When including Python libraries in your attachment, we recommend adding an empty __init__.py file in each module directory. This allows you to import the modules from the library in your attachment within your script content. For example: from library import module

Type: String

Required: No

Output

Payload

The JSON representation of the object returned by your function. Up to 100KB is returned. If you output a list, a maximum of 100 items is returned.