搭ListObjectsV2配 AWS SDK 或命令列工具使用 - Amazon Simple Storage Service

本文為英文版的機器翻譯版本,如內容有任何歧義或不一致之處,概以英文版為準。

ListObjectsV2配 AWS SDK 或命令列工具使用

下列程式碼範例會示範如何使用ListObjectsV2

動作範例是大型程式的程式碼摘錄,必須在內容中執行。您可以在下列程式碼範例的內容中看到此動作:

.NET
AWS SDK for .NET
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

/// <summary> /// Shows how to list the objects in an Amazon S3 bucket. /// </summary> /// <param name="client">An initialized Amazon S3 client object.</param> /// <param name="bucketName">The name of the bucket for which to list /// the contents.</param> /// <returns>A boolean value indicating the success or failure of the /// copy operation.</returns> public static async Task<bool> ListBucketContentsAsync(IAmazonS3 client, string bucketName) { try { var request = new ListObjectsV2Request { BucketName = bucketName, MaxKeys = 5, }; Console.WriteLine("--------------------------------------"); Console.WriteLine($"Listing the contents of {bucketName}:"); Console.WriteLine("--------------------------------------"); ListObjectsV2Response response; do { response = await client.ListObjectsV2Async(request); response.S3Objects .ForEach(obj => Console.WriteLine($"{obj.Key,-35}{obj.LastModified.ToShortDateString(),10}{obj.Size,10}")); // If the response is truncated, set the request ContinuationToken // from the NextContinuationToken property of the response. request.ContinuationToken = response.NextContinuationToken; } while (response.IsTruncated); return true; } catch (AmazonS3Exception ex) { Console.WriteLine($"Error encountered on server. Message:'{ex.Message}' getting list of objects."); return false; } }

使用分頁程式列出物件。

using System; using System.Threading.Tasks; using Amazon.S3; using Amazon.S3.Model; /// <summary> /// The following example lists objects in an Amazon Simple Storage /// Service (Amazon S3) bucket. /// </summary> public class ListObjectsPaginator { private const string BucketName = "doc-example-bucket"; public static async Task Main() { IAmazonS3 s3Client = new AmazonS3Client(); Console.WriteLine($"Listing the objects contained in {BucketName}:\n"); await ListingObjectsAsync(s3Client, BucketName); } /// <summary> /// This method uses a paginator to retrieve the list of objects in an /// an Amazon S3 bucket. /// </summary> /// <param name="client">An Amazon S3 client object.</param> /// <param name="bucketName">The name of the S3 bucket whose objects /// you want to list.</param> public static async Task ListingObjectsAsync(IAmazonS3 client, string bucketName) { var listObjectsV2Paginator = client.Paginators.ListObjectsV2(new ListObjectsV2Request { BucketName = bucketName, }); await foreach (var response in listObjectsV2Paginator.Responses) { Console.WriteLine($"HttpStatusCode: {response.HttpStatusCode}"); Console.WriteLine($"Number of Keys: {response.KeyCount}"); foreach (var entry in response.S3Objects) { Console.WriteLine($"Key = {entry.Key} Size = {entry.Size}"); } } } }
  • 有關 API 的詳細信息,請參閱 AWS SDK for .NET API 參考中的 ListObjectsV2

Bash
AWS CLI 與 Bash 腳本
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

############################################################################### # function errecho # # This function outputs everything sent to it to STDERR (standard error output). ############################################################################### function errecho() { printf "%s\n" "$*" 1>&2 } ############################################################################### # function list_items_in_bucket # # This function displays a list of the files in the bucket with each file's # size. The function uses the --query parameter to retrieve only the key and # size fields from the Contents collection. # # Parameters: # $1 - The name of the bucket. # # Returns: # The list of files in text format. # And: # 0 - If successful. # 1 - If it fails. ############################################################################### function list_items_in_bucket() { local bucket_name=$1 local response response=$(aws s3api list-objects \ --bucket "$bucket_name" \ --output text \ --query 'Contents[].{Key: Key, Size: Size}') # shellcheck disable=SC2181 if [[ ${?} -eq 0 ]]; then echo "$response" else errecho "ERROR: AWS reports s3api list-objects operation failed.\n$response" return 1 fi }
  • 如需 API 詳細資訊,請參閱AWS CLI 命令參考中的 ListObjectsV2

C++
適用於 C++ 的 SDK
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

bool AwsDoc::S3::ListObjects(const Aws::String &bucketName, const Aws::Client::ClientConfiguration &clientConfig) { Aws::S3::S3Client s3_client(clientConfig); Aws::S3::Model::ListObjectsV2Request request; request.WithBucket(bucketName); Aws::String continuationToken; // Used for pagination. Aws::Vector<Aws::S3::Model::Object> allObjects; do { if (!continuationToken.empty()) { request.SetContinuationToken(continuationToken); } auto outcome = s3_client.ListObjectsV2(request); if (!outcome.IsSuccess()) { std::cerr << "Error: ListObjects: " << outcome.GetError().GetMessage() << std::endl; return false; } else { Aws::Vector<Aws::S3::Model::Object> objects = outcome.GetResult().GetContents(); allObjects.insert(allObjects.end(), objects.begin(), objects.end()); continuationToken = outcome.GetResult().GetNextContinuationToken(); } } while (!continuationToken.empty()); std::cout << allObjects.size() << " object(s) found:" << std::endl; for (const auto &object: allObjects) { std::cout << " " << object.GetKey() << std::endl; } return true; }
  • 有關 API 的詳細信息,請參閱 AWS SDK for C++ API 參考中的 ListObjectsV2

CLI
AWS CLI

若要取得值區中的物件清單

下列list-objects-v2範例會列出指定值區中的物件。

aws s3api list-objects-v2 \ --bucket my-bucket

輸出:

{ "Contents": [ { "LastModified": "2019-11-05T23:11:50.000Z", "ETag": "\"621503c373607d548b37cff8778d992c\"", "StorageClass": "STANDARD", "Key": "doc1.rtf", "Size": 391 }, { "LastModified": "2019-11-05T23:11:50.000Z", "ETag": "\"a2cecc36ab7c7fe3a71a273b9d45b1b5\"", "StorageClass": "STANDARD", "Key": "doc2.rtf", "Size": 373 }, { "LastModified": "2019-11-05T23:11:50.000Z", "ETag": "\"08210852f65a2e9cb999972539a64d68\"", "StorageClass": "STANDARD", "Key": "doc3.rtf", "Size": 399 }, { "LastModified": "2019-11-05T23:11:50.000Z", "ETag": "\"d1852dd683f404306569471af106988e\"", "StorageClass": "STANDARD", "Key": "doc4.rtf", "Size": 6225 } ] }
  • 如需 API 詳細資訊,請參閱AWS CLI 命令參考中的 ListObjectsV2

Go
SDK for Go V2
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

// BucketBasics encapsulates the Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) actions // used in the examples. // It contains S3Client, an Amazon S3 service client that is used to perform bucket // and object actions. type BucketBasics struct { S3Client *s3.Client } // ListObjects lists the objects in a bucket. func (basics BucketBasics) ListObjects(bucketName string) ([]types.Object, error) { result, err := basics.S3Client.ListObjectsV2(context.TODO(), &s3.ListObjectsV2Input{ Bucket: aws.String(bucketName), }) var contents []types.Object if err != nil { log.Printf("Couldn't list objects in bucket %v. Here's why: %v\n", bucketName, err) } else { contents = result.Contents } return contents, err }
  • 有關 API 的詳細信息,請參閱 AWS SDK for Go API 參考中的 ListObjectsV2

Java
適用於 Java 2.x 的 SDK
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.S3Client; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.model.ListObjectsRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.model.ListObjectsResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.model.S3Exception; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.model.S3Object; import java.util.List; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class ListObjects { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <bucketName>\s Where: bucketName - The Amazon S3 bucket from which objects are read.\s """; if (args.length != 1) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String bucketName = args[0]; Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; S3Client s3 = S3Client.builder() .region(region) .build(); listBucketObjects(s3, bucketName); s3.close(); } public static void listBucketObjects(S3Client s3, String bucketName) { try { ListObjectsRequest listObjects = ListObjectsRequest .builder() .bucket(bucketName) .build(); ListObjectsResponse res = s3.listObjects(listObjects); List<S3Object> objects = res.contents(); for (S3Object myValue : objects) { System.out.print("\n The name of the key is " + myValue.key()); System.out.print("\n The object is " + calKb(myValue.size()) + " KBs"); System.out.print("\n The owner is " + myValue.owner()); } } catch (S3Exception e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } // convert bytes to kbs. private static long calKb(Long val) { return val / 1024; } }

使用分頁列出物件。

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.S3Client; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.model.ListObjectsV2Request; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.model.S3Exception; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.s3.paginators.ListObjectsV2Iterable; public class ListObjectsPaginated { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <bucketName>\s Where: bucketName - The Amazon S3 bucket from which objects are read.\s """; if (args.length != 1) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String bucketName = args[0]; Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; S3Client s3 = S3Client.builder() .region(region) .build(); listBucketObjects(s3, bucketName); s3.close(); } public static void listBucketObjects(S3Client s3, String bucketName) { try { ListObjectsV2Request listReq = ListObjectsV2Request.builder() .bucket(bucketName) .maxKeys(1) .build(); ListObjectsV2Iterable listRes = s3.listObjectsV2Paginator(listReq); listRes.stream() .flatMap(r -> r.contents().stream()) .forEach(content -> System.out.println(" Key: " + content.key() + " size = " + content.size())); } catch (S3Exception e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }
  • 有關 API 的詳細信息,請參閱 AWS SDK for Java 2.x API 參考中的 ListObjectsV2

JavaScript
適用於 JavaScript (v3) 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

條列儲存貯體中的所有物件。如果有多個對象, IsTruncated 並且 NextContinuationToken 將被用於遍歷完整列表。

import { S3Client, // This command supersedes the ListObjectsCommand and is the recommended way to list objects. ListObjectsV2Command, } from "@aws-sdk/client-s3"; const client = new S3Client({}); export const main = async () => { const command = new ListObjectsV2Command({ Bucket: "my-bucket", // The default and maximum number of keys returned is 1000. This limits it to // one for demonstration purposes. MaxKeys: 1, }); try { let isTruncated = true; console.log("Your bucket contains the following objects:\n"); let contents = ""; while (isTruncated) { const { Contents, IsTruncated, NextContinuationToken } = await client.send(command); const contentsList = Contents.map((c) => ` • ${c.Key}`).join("\n"); contents += contentsList + "\n"; isTruncated = IsTruncated; command.input.ContinuationToken = NextContinuationToken; } console.log(contents); } catch (err) { console.error(err); } };
  • 有關 API 的詳細信息,請參閱 AWS SDK for JavaScript API 參考中的 ListObjectsV2

Kotlin
適用於 Kotlin 的 SDK
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

suspend fun listBucketObjects(bucketName: String) { val request = ListObjectsRequest { bucket = bucketName } S3Client { region = "us-east-1" }.use { s3 -> val response = s3.listObjects(request) response.contents?.forEach { myObject -> println("The name of the key is ${myObject.key}") println("The object is ${myObject.size?.let { calKb(it) }} KBs") println("The owner is ${myObject.owner}") } } } private fun calKb(intValue: Long): Long { return intValue / 1024 }
  • 有關 API 的詳細信息,請參閱 AWS SDK 中的 ListObjectsV2 以獲取 Kotlin API 參考。

PHP
適用於 PHP 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

列出儲存貯體中的物件。

$s3client = new Aws\S3\S3Client(['region' => 'us-west-2']); try { $contents = $this->s3client->listObjectsV2([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, ]); echo "The contents of your bucket are: \n"; foreach ($contents['Contents'] as $content) { echo $content['Key'] . "\n"; } } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to list objects in $this->bucketName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with listing objects before continuing."); }
  • 有關 API 的詳細信息,請參閱 AWS SDK for PHP API 參考中的 ListObjectsV2

Python
適用於 Python (Boto3) 的 SDK
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

class ObjectWrapper: """Encapsulates S3 object actions.""" def __init__(self, s3_object): """ :param s3_object: A Boto3 Object resource. This is a high-level resource in Boto3 that wraps object actions in a class-like structure. """ self.object = s3_object self.key = self.object.key @staticmethod def list(bucket, prefix=None): """ Lists the objects in a bucket, optionally filtered by a prefix. :param bucket: The bucket to query. This is a Boto3 Bucket resource. :param prefix: When specified, only objects that start with this prefix are listed. :return: The list of objects. """ try: if not prefix: objects = list(bucket.objects.all()) else: objects = list(bucket.objects.filter(Prefix=prefix)) logger.info( "Got objects %s from bucket '%s'", [o.key for o in objects], bucket.name ) except ClientError: logger.exception("Couldn't get objects for bucket '%s'.", bucket.name) raise else: return objects
  • 如需 API 的詳細資訊,請參 AWS SDK for Python (Boto3) 發套件中的 ListObjectsV2

Ruby
適用於 Ruby 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

require "aws-sdk-s3" # Wraps Amazon S3 bucket actions. class BucketListObjectsWrapper attr_reader :bucket # @param bucket [Aws::S3::Bucket] An existing Amazon S3 bucket. def initialize(bucket) @bucket = bucket end # Lists object in a bucket. # # @param max_objects [Integer] The maximum number of objects to list. # @return [Integer] The number of objects listed. def list_objects(max_objects) count = 0 puts "The objects in #{@bucket.name} are:" @bucket.objects.each do |obj| puts "\t#{obj.key}" count += 1 break if count == max_objects end count rescue Aws::Errors::ServiceError => e puts "Couldn't list objects in bucket #{bucket.name}. Here's why: #{e.message}" 0 end end # Example usage: def run_demo bucket_name = "doc-example-bucket" wrapper = BucketListObjectsWrapper.new(Aws::S3::Bucket.new(bucket_name)) count = wrapper.list_objects(25) puts "Listed #{count} objects." end run_demo if $PROGRAM_NAME == __FILE__
  • 有關 API 的詳細信息,請參閱 AWS SDK for Ruby API 參考中的 ListObjectsV2

Rust
適用於 Rust 的 SDK
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

pub async fn list_objects(client: &Client, bucket: &str) -> Result<(), Error> { let mut response = client .list_objects_v2() .bucket(bucket.to_owned()) .max_keys(10) // In this example, go 10 at a time. .into_paginator() .send(); while let Some(result) = response.next().await { match result { Ok(output) => { for object in output.contents() { println!(" - {}", object.key().unwrap_or("Unknown")); } } Err(err) => { eprintln!("{err:?}") } } } Ok(()) }
  • 如需 API 詳細資訊,請參閱 AWS SDK 中的 ListObjectsV2 以取得 Rust API 參考資料。

SAP ABAP
適用於 SAP ABAP 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

TRY. oo_result = lo_s3->listobjectsv2( " oo_result is returned for testing purposes. " iv_bucket = iv_bucket_name ). MESSAGE 'Retrieved list of objects in S3 bucket.' TYPE 'I'. CATCH /aws1/cx_s3_nosuchbucket. MESSAGE 'Bucket does not exist.' TYPE 'E'. ENDTRY.
  • 如需 API 詳細資訊,請參閱 AWS SDK 中的 ListObjectsV2,瞭解 SAP ABAP API 參考資料。

Swift
適用於 Swift 的 SDK
注意

這是適用於預覽版本 SDK 的發行前版本文件。內容可能變動。

注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

public func listBucketFiles(bucket: String) async throws -> [String] { let input = ListObjectsV2Input( bucket: bucket ) let output = try await client.listObjectsV2(input: input) var names: [String] = [] guard let objList = output.contents else { return [] } for obj in objList { if let objName = obj.key { names.append(objName) } } return names }
  • 有關 API 的詳細信息,請參閱 AWS SDK 中的 ListObjectsV2 以獲取 Swift API 參考

如需 AWS SDK 開發人員指南和程式碼範例的完整清單,請參閱透過 AWS SDK 使用此服務。此主題也包含有關入門的資訊和舊版 SDK 的詳細資訊。