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Amazon Simple Storage Service
API Reference (API Version 2006-03-01)

Creating an HTML Form (Using AWS Signature Version 4)

To allow users to upload content to Amazon S3 by using their browsers (HTTP POST requests), you use HTML forms. HTML forms consist of a form declaration and form fields. The form declaration contains high-level information about the request. The form fields contain detailed request information.

This section describes how to create HTML forms. For a working example of browser-based upload using HTTP POST and related signature calculations for request authentication, see Examples: Browser-Based Upload using HTTP POST (Using AWS Signature Version 4).

The form and policy must be UTF-8 encoded. You can apply UTF-8 encoding to the form by specifying charset=UTF-8 in the content attribute. The following is an example of UTF-8 encoding in the HTML heading.

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<html> <head> ... <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" /> ... </head> <body>

Following is an example of UTF-8 encoding in a request header.

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Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8

Note

The form data and boundaries (excluding the contents of the file) cannot exceed 20K.

HTML Form Declaration

The HTML form declaration has the following three attributes:

  • action – The URL that processes the request, which must be set to the URL of the bucket. For example, if the name of your bucket is examplebucket, the URL is http://examplebucket.s3.amazonaws.com/.

    Note

    The key name is specified in a form field.

  • method – The method must be POST.

  • enctype – The enclosure type (enctype) must be set to multipart/form-data for both file uploads and text area uploads. For more information about enctype, see RFC 1867.

This is a form declaration for the bucket examplebucket.

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<form action="http://examplebucket.s3.amazonaws.com/" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">

HTML Form Fields

The following table describes a list of fields that you can use within a form. Among other fields, there is a signature field that you can use to authenticate requests. There are fields for you to specify the signature calculation algorithm (x-amz-algorithm), the credential scope (x-amz-credential) that you used to generate the signing key, and the date (x-amz-date) used to calculate signature. Amazon S3 uses this information to re-create the signature. If the signatures match, Amazon S3 processes the request.

Note

The variable ${filename} is automatically replaced with the name of the file provided by the user and is recognized by all form fields. If the browser or client provides a full or partial path to the file, only the text following the last slash (/) or backslash (\) will be used (e.g., C:\Program Files\directory1\file.txt will be interpreted as file.txt). If no file or file name is provided, the variable is replaced with an empty string.

If you don't provide elements required for authenticated requests, such as the policy element, the request is assumed to be anonymous and will succeed only if you have configured the bucket for public read and write.

Element Name Description Required
acl

An Amazon S3 access control list. If an invalid access control list is specified, Amazon S3 denies the request. For more information about ACLs, see Using Amazon S3 ACLs.

Type: String

Default: private

Valid Values: private | public-read | public-read-write | aws-exec-read | authenticated-read | bucket-owner-read | bucket-owner-full-control

No

Cache-Control

Content-Type

Content-Disposition

Content-Encoding

Expires

REST-specific headers. For more information, see PUT Object.

No

key

The key name of the uploaded object.

To use the file name provided by the user, use the ${filename} variable. For example, if you upload a file photo1.jpg and you specify /user/user1/${filename} as key name, the file is stored as /user/user1/photo1.jpg.

For more information, see Object Key and Metadata in the Amazon Simple Storage Service Developer Guide.

Yes

policy

The Base64-encoded security policy that describes what is permitted in the request. For authenticated requests a policy is required.

Requests without a security policy are considered anonymous and will succeed only on a publicly writable bucket.

Required for authenticated requests

success_action_redirect

The URL to which the client is redirected upon successful upload.

If success_action_redirect is not specified, or Amazon S3 cannot interpret the URL, Amazon S3 returns the empty document type that is specified in the success_action_status field.

If the upload fails, Amazon S3 returns an error and does not redirect the user to another URL.

No

success_action_status

The status code returned to the client upon successful upload if success_action_redirect is not specified.

Valid values are 200, 201, or 204 (default).

If the value is set to 200 or 204, Amazon S3 returns an empty document with the specified status code.

If the value is set to 201, Amazon S3 returns an XML document with a 201 status code. For information about the content of the XML document, see POST Object.

If the value is not set or is invalid, Amazon S3 returns an empty document with a 204 status code.

Note

Some versions of the Adobe Flash player do not properly handle HTTP responses with an empty body. To support uploads through Adobe Flash, we recommend setting success_action_status to 201.

No

x-amz-algorithm

The signing algorithm used to authenticate the request. For AWS Signature Version 4, the value is AWS4-HMAC-SHA256.

This field is required if a policy document is included with the request.

Required for authenticated requests

x-amz-credential

In addition to your access key ID, this field also provides scope information identifying region and service for which the signature is valid. This should be the same scope you used in calculating the signing key for signature calculation.

It is a string of the following form:

<your-access-key-id>/<date>/<aws-region>/<aws-service>/aws4_request

For example:

AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE/20130728/us-east-1/s3/aws4_request

For Amazon S3, the aws-service string is s3. For a list of Amazon S3 aws-region strings, see Regions and Endpoints in the AWS General Reference. This is required if a policy document is included with the request.

Required for authenticated requests

x-amz-date

It is the date value in ISO8601 format. For example, 20130728T000000Z.

It is the same date you used in creating the signing key (for example, 20130728). This must also be the same value you provide in the policy (x-amz-date) that you signed.

This is required if a policy document is included with the request.

Required for authenticated requests

x-amz-security-token

A security token used by Amazon DevPay and session credentials

If the request is using Amazon DevPay, it requires two x-amz-security-token form fields: one for the product token and one for the user token. For more information, see Using DevPay in the Amazon Simple Storage Service Developer Guide.

If the request is using session credentials, it requires one x-amz-security-token form . For more information, see Requesting Temporary Security Credentials in the IAM User Guide.

No

x-amz-signature

(AWS Signature Version 4) The HMAC-SHA256 hash of the security policy.

This field is required if a policy document is included with the request.

Required for authenticated requests

x-amz-meta-*

Field names starting with this prefix are user-defined metadata. Each one is stored and returned as a set of key-value pairs. Amazon S3 doesn't validate or interpret user-defined metadata. For more information, see PUT Object.

No

x-amz-*

See POST Object (POST Object for other x-amz-* headers.

No

file

File or text content.

The file or content must be the last field in the form.

You cannot upload more than one file at a time.

Yes

Conditional items are required for authenticated requests and are optional for anonymous requests.

Now that you know how to create forms, next you can create security policy that you can sign. For more information, see Creating a POST Policy.