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Amazon Route 53
API Reference (API Version 2013-04-01)

ChangeResourceRecordSets

Service: Amazon Route 53

Create, change, update, or delete authoritative DNS information on all Amazon Route 53 servers. Send a POST request to:

/2013-04-01/hostedzone/Amazon Route 53 hosted Zone ID/rrset resource.

Change Batches and Transactional Changes

The request body must include a document with a ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest element. The request body contains a list of change items, known as a change batch. Change batches are considered transactional changes. When using the Amazon Route 53 API to change resource record sets, Amazon Route 53 either makes all or none of the changes in a change batch request. This ensures that Amazon Route 53 never partially implements the intended changes to the resource record sets in a hosted zone.

For example, a change batch request that deletes the CNAME record for www.example.com and creates an alias resource record set for www.example.com. Amazon Route 53 deletes the first resource record set and creates the second resource record set in a single operation. If either the DELETE or the CREATE action fails, then both changes (plus any other changes in the batch) fail, and the original CNAME record continues to exist.

Important

Due to the nature of transactional changes, you can't delete the same resource record set more than once in a single change batch. If you attempt to delete the same change batch more than once, Amazon Route 53 returns an InvalidChangeBatch error.

Traffic Flow

To create resource record sets for complex routing configurations, use either the traffic flow visual editor in the Amazon Route 53 console or the API actions for traffic policies and traffic policy instances. Save the configuration as a traffic policy, then associate the traffic policy with one or more domain names (such as example.com) or subdomain names (such as www.example.com), in the same hosted zone or in multiple hosted zones. You can roll back the updates if the new configuration isn't performing as expected. For more information, see Using Traffic Flow to Route DNS Traffic in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide.

Create, Delete, and Upsert

Use ChangeResourceRecordsSetsRequest to perform the following actions:

  • CREATE: Creates a resource record set that has the specified values.

  • DELETE: Deletes an existing resource record set that has the specified values.

  • UPSERT: If a resource record set does not already exist, AWS creates it. If a resource set does exist, Amazon Route 53 updates it with the values in the request.

Syntaxes for Creating, Updating, and Deleting Resource Record Sets

The syntax for a request depends on the type of resource record set that you want to create, delete, or update, such as weighted, alias, or failover. The XML elements in your request must appear in the order listed in the syntax.

For syntax examples that show the elements for each kind of resource record set, such as basic, weighted, and alias, see Examples.

Don't refer to the syntax in the "Syntax" section, which includes all of the elements for every kind of resource record set that you can create, delete, or update by using ChangeResourceRecordSets.

Change Propagation to Amazon Route 53 DNS Servers

When you submit a ChangeResourceRecordSets request, Amazon Route 53 propagates your changes to all of the Amazon Route 53 authoritative DNS servers. While your changes are propagating, GetChange returns a status of PENDING. When propagation is complete, GetChange returns a status of INSYNC. Changes generally propagate to all Amazon Route 53 name servers in a few minutes. In rare circumstances, propagation can take up to 30 minutes. For more information, see GetChange.

Limits on ChangeResourceRecordSets Requests

For information about the limits on a ChangeResourceRecordSets request, see Limits in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide.

Request Syntax

POST /2013-04-01/hostedzone/Id/rrset/ HTTP/1.1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest xmlns="https://route53.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-04-01/">
   <ChangeBatch>
      <Changes>
         <Change>
            <Action>string</Action>
            <ResourceRecordSet>
               <AliasTarget>
                  <DNSName>string</DNSName>
                  <EvaluateTargetHealth>boolean</EvaluateTargetHealth>
                  <HostedZoneId>string</HostedZoneId>
               </AliasTarget>
               <Failover>string</Failover>
               <GeoLocation>
                  <ContinentCode>string</ContinentCode>
                  <CountryCode>string</CountryCode>
                  <SubdivisionCode>string</SubdivisionCode>
               </GeoLocation>
               <HealthCheckId>string</HealthCheckId>
               <Name>string</Name>
               <Region>string</Region>
               <ResourceRecords>
                  <ResourceRecord>
                     <Value>string</Value>
                  </ResourceRecord></ResourceRecords>
               <SetIdentifier>string</SetIdentifier>
               <TrafficPolicyInstanceId>string</TrafficPolicyInstanceId>
               <TTL>long</TTL>
               <Type>string</Type>
               <Weight>long</Weight>
            </ResourceRecordSet>
         </Change></Changes>
      <Comment>string</Comment>
   </ChangeBatch>
</ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest>

URI Request Parameters

The request requires the following URI parameters.

Id

The ID of the hosted zone that contains the resource record sets that you want to change.

Length Constraints: Maximum length of 32.

Request Body

The request requires the following data in XML format.

ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest

Root level tag for the ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest parameters.

Required: Yes

ChangeBatch

A complex type that contains an optional comment and the Changes element.

Type: ChangeBatch object

Required: Yes

Response Syntax

HTTP/1.1 200
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ChangeResourceRecordSetsResponse>
   <ChangeInfo>
      <Comment>string</Comment>
      <Id>string</Id>
      <Status>string</Status>
      <SubmittedAt>timestamp</SubmittedAt>
   </ChangeInfo>
</ChangeResourceRecordSetsResponse>

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in XML format by the service.

ChangeResourceRecordSetsResponse

Root level tag for the ChangeResourceRecordSetsResponse parameters.

Required: Yes

ChangeInfo

A complex type that contains information about changes made to your hosted zone.

This element contains an ID that you use when performing a GetChange action to get detailed information about the change.

Type: ChangeInfo object

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

InvalidChangeBatch

This exception contains a list of messages that might contain one or more error messages. Each error message indicates one error in the change batch.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InvalidInput

The input is not valid.

HTTP Status Code: 400

NoSuchHealthCheck

No health check exists with the ID that you specified in the DeleteHealthCheck request.

HTTP Status Code: 404

NoSuchHostedZone

No hosted zone exists with the ID that you specified.

HTTP Status Code: 404

PriorRequestNotComplete

If Amazon Route 53 can't process a request before the next request arrives, it will reject subsequent requests for the same hosted zone and return an HTTP 400 error (Bad request). If Amazon Route 53 returns this error repeatedly for the same request, we recommend that you wait, in intervals of increasing duration, before you try the request again.

HTTP Status Code: 400

Examples

Basic Syntax

POST /2013-04-01/hostedzone/Amazon Route 53 hosted zone ID/rrset HTTP/1.1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest xmlns="https://route53.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-04-01/">
<ChangeBatch>
   <Comment>optional comment about the changes in this change batch request</Comment>
   <Changes>
      <Change>
         <Action>CREATE | DELETE | UPSERT</Action>
         <ResourceRecordSet>
            <Name>fully qualified domain name</Name>
            <Type>DNS record type</Type>
            <TTL>time to live in seconds</TTL>
            <ResourceRecords>
               <ResourceRecord>
                  <Value>applicable value for the record type</Value>
               </ResourceRecord>
               ...
            </ResourceRecords>
            <HealthCheckId>optional ID of an Amazon Route 53 health check</HealthCheckId>
         </ResourceRecordSet>
      </Change>
      ...
   </Changes>
</ChangeBatch>
</ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest>

Weighted Resource Record Set Syntax

For information about weighted resource record sets, see Weighted Routing in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide.

POST /2013-04-01/hostedzone/Amazon Route 53 hosted zone ID/rrset HTTP/1.1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest xmlns="https://route53.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-04-01/">
<ChangeBatch>
   <Comment>optional comment about the changes in this change batch request</Comment>
   <Changes>
      <Change>
         <Action>CREATE | DELETE | UPSERT</Action>
         <ResourceRecordSet>
            <Name>fully qualified domain name</Name>
            <Type>DNS record type</Type>
            <SetIdentifier>unique description for this resource record set</SetIdentifier>
            <Weight>value between 0 and 255</Weight>
            <TTL>time to live in seconds</TTL>
            <ResourceRecords>
               <ResourceRecord>
                  <Value>applicable value for the record type</Value>
               </ResourceRecord>
               ...
            </ResourceRecords>
            <HealthCheckId>optional ID of an Amazon Route 53 health check</HealthCheckId>
         </ResourceRecordSet>
      </Change>
      ...
   </Changes>
</ChangeBatch>
</ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest>

Alias Resource Record Set Syntax

For information about alias resource record sets, see Choosing Between Alias and Non-Alias Resource Record Sets in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide.

POST /2013-04-01/hostedzone/Amazon Route 53 hosted zone ID/rrset HTTP/1.1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest xmlns="https://route53.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-04-01/">
<ChangeBatch>
   <Comment>optional comment about the changes in this change batch request</Comment>
   <Changes>
      <Change>
         <Action>CREATE | DELETE | UPSERT</Action>
         <ResourceRecordSet>
            <Name>fully qualified domain name</Name>
            <Type>DNS record type</Type>
            <AliasTarget>
               <HostedZoneId>hosted zone ID for your CloudFront distribution, Elastic Beanstalk environment that has a regionalized subdomain, ELB classic or application load balancer, Amazon S3 bucket, or Amazon Route 53 hosted zone</HostedZoneId>
               <DNSName>DNS domain name for your CloudFront distribution, Elastic Beanstalk environment that has a regionalized subdomain, ELB classic or application load balancer, Amazon S3 bucket, or another resource record set in this hosted zone</DNSName>
               <EvaluateTargetHealth>true | false</EvaluateTargetHealth>
            </AliasTarget>
            <HealthCheckId>optional ID of an Amazon Route 53 health check</HealthCheckId>
         </ResourceRecordSet>
      </Change>
      ...
   </Changes>
</ChangeBatch>
</ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest>

Weighted Alias Resource Record Set Syntax

For information about weighted resource record sets, see Weighted Routing in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide. For information about alias resource record sets, see Choosing Between Alias and Non-Alias Resource Record Sets in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide.

POST /2013-04-01/hostedzone/Amazon Route 53 hosted zone ID/rrset HTTP/1.1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest xmlns="https://route53.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-04-01/">
<ChangeBatch>
   <Comment>optional comment about the changes in this change batch request</Comment>
   <Changes>
      <Change>
         <Action>CREATE | DELETE | UPSERT</Action>
         <ResourceRecordSet>
            <Name>fully qualified domain name</Name>
            <Type>DNS record type</Type>
            <SetIdentifier>unique description for this resource record set</SetIdentifier>
            <Weight>value between 0 and 255</Weight>
            <AliasTarget>
               <HostedZoneId>hosted zone ID for your CloudFront distribution, Elastic Beanstalk environment that has a regionalized subdomain, ELB classic or application load balancer, Amazon S3 bucket, or Amazon Route 53 hosted zone</HostedZoneId>
               <DNSName>DNS domain name for your CloudFront distribution, Elastic Beanstalk environment that has a regionalized subdomain, ELB classic or application load balancer, Amazon S3 bucket, or another resource record set in this hosted zone</DNSName>
               <EvaluateTargetHealth>true | false</EvaluateTargetHealth>
            </AliasTarget>
            <HealthCheckId>optional ID of an Amazon Route 53 health check</HealthCheckId>
         </ResourceRecordSet>
      </Change>
      ...
   </Changes>
</ChangeBatch>
</ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest>

Latency Resource Record Set Syntax

For information about latency resource record sets, see Latency-Based Routing in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide.

POST /2013-04-01/hostedzone/Amazon Route 53 hosted zone ID/rrset HTTP/1.1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest xmlns="https://route53.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-04-01/">
<ChangeBatch>
   <Comment>optional comment about the changes in this change batch request</Comment>
   <Changes>
      <Change>
         <Action>CREATE | DELETE | UPSERT</Action>
         <ResourceRecordSet>
            <Name>fully qualified domain name</Name>
            <Type>DNS record type</Type>
            <SetIdentifier>unique description for this resource record set</SetIdentifier>
            <Region>Amazon EC2 region name</Region>
            <TTL>time to live in seconds</TTL>
            <ResourceRecords>
               <ResourceRecord>
                  <Value>applicable value for the record type</Value>
               </ResourceRecord>
               ...
            </ResourceRecords>
            <HealthCheckId>optional ID of an Amazon Route 53 health check</HealthCheckId>
         </ResourceRecordSet>
      </Change>
      ...
   </Changes>
</ChangeBatch>
</ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest>

Latency Alias Resource Record Set Syntax

For information about latency resource record sets, see Latency-Based Routing in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide. For information about alias resource record sets, see Choosing Between Alias and Non-Alias Resource Record Sets in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide.

POST /2013-04-01/hostedzone/Amazon Route 53 hosted zone ID/rrset HTTP/1.1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest xmlns="https://route53.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-04-01/">
<ChangeBatch>
   <Comment>optional comment about the changes in this change batch request</Comment>
   <Changes>
      <Change>
         <Action>CREATE | DELETE | UPSERT</Action>
         <ResourceRecordSet>
            <Name>fully qualified domain name</Name>
            <Type>DNS record type</Type>
            <SetIdentifier>unique description for this resource record set</SetIdentifier>
            <Region>Amazon EC2 region name</Region>
            <AliasTarget>
               <HostedZoneId>hosted zone ID for your CloudFront distribution, Elastic Beanstalk environment that has a regionalized subdomain, ELB classic or application load balancer, Amazon S3 bucket, or Amazon Route 53 hosted zone</HostedZoneId>
               <DNSName>DNS domain name for your CloudFront distribution, Elastic Beanstalk environment that has a regionalized subdomain, ELB classic or application load balancer, Amazon S3 bucket, or another resource record set in this hosted zone</DNSName>
               <EvaluateTargetHealth>true | false</EvaluateTargetHealth>
            </AliasTarget>
            <HealthCheckId>optional ID of an Amazon Route 53 health check</HealthCheckId>
         </ResourceRecordSet>
      </Change>
      ...
   </Changes>
</ChangeBatch>
</ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest>

Failover Syntax

For information about configuring Amazon Route 53 failover, see the following topics in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide:

POST /2013-04-01/hostedzone/Amazon Route 53 hosted zone ID/rrset HTTP/1.1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest xmlns="https://route53.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-04-01/">
<ChangeBatch>
   <Comment>optional comment about the changes in this change batch request</Comment>
   <Changes>
      <Change>
         <Action>>CREATE | DELETE | UPSERT</Action>
         <ResourceRecordSet>
            <Name>fully qualified domain name</Name>
            <Type>DNS record type</Type>
            <SetIdentifier>unique description for this resource record set</SetIdentifier>
            <Failover>PRIMARY | SECONDARY</Failover>
            <TTL>time to live in seconds</TTL>
            <ResourceRecords>
               <ResourceRecord>
                  <Value>applicable value for the record type</Value>
               </ResourceRecord>
               ...
            </ResourceRecords>
            <HealthCheckId>ID of an Amazon Route 53 health check</HealthCheckId>
         </ResourceRecordSet>
      </Change>
      ...
   </Changes>
</ChangeBatch>
</ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest>

Failover Alias Syntax

For more information, see the following topics in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide:

POST /2013-04-01/hostedzone/Amazon Route 53 hosted zone ID/rrset HTTP/1.1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest xmlns="https://route53.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-04-01/">
<ChangeBatch>
   <Comment>optional comment about the changes in this change batch request</Comment>
   <Changes>
      <Change>
         <Action>CREATE | DELETE | UPSERT</Action>
         <ResourceRecordSet>
            <Name>fully qualified domain name</Name>
            <Type>DNS record type</Type>
            <SetIdentifier>unique description for this resource record set</SetIdentifier>
            <Failover>PRIMARY | SECONDARY</Failover>
            <AliasTarget>
               <HostedZoneId>hosted zone ID for your CloudFront distribution, Elastic Beanstalk environment that has a regionalized subdomain, ELB classic or application load balancer, Amazon S3 bucket, or Amazon Route 53 hosted zone</HostedZoneId>
               <DNSName>DNS domain name for your CloudFront distribution, Elastic Beanstalk environment that has a regionalized subdomain, ELB classic or application load balancer, Amazon S3 bucket, or another resource record set in this hosted zone</DNSName>
               <EvaluateTargetHealth>true | false</EvaluateTargetHealth>
            </AliasTarget>
            <HealthCheckId>optional ID of an Amazon Route 53 health check</HealthCheckId>
         </ResourceRecordSet>
      </Change>
      ...
   </Changes>
</ChangeBatch>
</ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest>

Geolocation Syntax

For more information, see Geolocation Routing in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide.

POST /2013-04-01/hostedzone/Amazon Route 53 hosted zone ID/rrset HTTP/1.1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest xmlns="https://route53.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-04-01/">
<ChangeBatch>
   <Comment>optional comment about the changes in this 
      change batch request</Comment>
   <Changes>
      <Change>
         <Action>CREATE | DELETE | UPSERT</Action>
         <ResourceRecordSet>
            <Name>fully qualified domain name</Name>
            <Type>DNS record type</Type>
            <SetIdentifier>unique description for this 
               resource record set</SetIdentifier>
            <GeoLocation>
               <ContinentCode>two-letter continent code</ContinentCode>
               <CountryCode>two-letter country code</CountryCode>
               <SubdivisionCode>subdivision code</SubdivisionCode>
            </GeoLocation>
            <TTL>time to live in seconds</TTL>
            <ResourceRecords>
               <ResourceRecord>
                  <Value>applicable value for the record type</Value>
               </ResourceRecord>
               ...
            </ResourceRecords>
            <HealthCheckId>ID of an Amazon Route 53 health check</HealthCheckId>
         </ResourceRecordSet>
      </Change>
      ...
   </Changes>
</ChangeBatch>
</ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest>

Geolocation Alias Syntax

For more information, see the following topics in the Amazon Route 53 Developer Guide:

POST /2013-04-01/hostedzone/Amazon Route 53 hosted zone ID/rrset HTTP/1.1
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest xmlns="https://route53.amazonaws.com/doc/2013-04-01/">
<ChangeBatch>
   <Comment>optional comment about the changes in this 
      change batch request</Comment>
   <Changes>
      <Change>
         <Action>CREATE | DELETE | UPSERT</Action>
         <ResourceRecordSet>
            <Name>fully qualified domain name</Name>
            <Type>DNS record type</Type>
            <SetIdentifier>unique description for this 
               resource record set</SetIdentifier>
            <GeoLocation>
               <ContinentCode>two-letter continent code</ContinentCode>
               <CountryCode>two-letter country code</CountryCode>
               <SubdivisionCode>subdivision code</SubdivisionCode>
            </GeoLocation>
            <AliasTarget>
               <HostedZoneId>hosted zone ID for your CloudFront distribution, Elastic Beanstalk environment that has a regionalized subdomain, ELB classic or application load balancer, Amazon S3 bucket, or Amazon Route 53 hosted zone</HostedZoneId>
               <DNSName>DNS domain name for your CloudFront distribution, Elastic Beanstalk environment that has a regionalized subdomain, ELB classic or application load balancer, Amazon S3 bucket, or another resource record set in this hosted zone</DNSName>
               <EvaluateTargetHealth>true | false</EvaluateTargetHealth>
            </AliasTarget>
            <HealthCheckId>optional ID of an Amazon Route 53 health check</HealthCheckId>
         </ResourceRecordSet>
      </Change>
      ...
   </Changes>
</ChangeBatch>
</ChangeResourceRecordSetsRequest>

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: