AWS::Serverless transform - AWS CloudFormation

AWS::Serverless transform

The AWS::Serverless transform, which is a macro hosted by AWS CloudFormation, takes an entire template written in the AWS Serverless Application Model (AWS SAM) syntax and transforms and expands it into a compliant AWS CloudFormation template. For more information about serverless applications and AWS SAM, see Deploying Lambda-based applications in the AWS Lambda Developer Guide.

In the following example, the template uses AWS SAM syntax to simplify the declaration of a Lambda function and its execution role.

Transform: AWS::Serverless-2016-10-31 Resources: MyServerlessFunctionLogicalID: Type: AWS::Serverless::Function Properties: Handler: index.handler Runtime: nodejs8.10 CodeUri: 's3://testBucket/'

When creating a change set from the template, AWS CloudFormation expands the AWS SAM syntax, as defined by the transform. The processed template expands the AWS::Serverless::Function resource, declaring an AWS Lambda function and an execution role.

{ "Resources": { "MyServerlessFunctionLogicalID": { "Type": "AWS::Lambda::Function", "Properties": { "Handler": "index.handler", "Code": { "S3Bucket": "testBucket", "S3Key": "" }, "Role": { "Fn::GetAtt": ["FunctionNameRole", "Arn"] }, "Runtime": "nodejs8.10" } }, "FunctionNameRole": { "Type": "AWS::IAM::Role", "Properties": { "ManagedPolicyArns": ["arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AWSLambdaBasicExecutionRole"], "AssumeRolePolicyDocument": { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Action": ["sts:AssumeRole"], "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": [""] } }] } } } } }


The value for the transform declaration must be a literal string. You cannot use a parameter or function to specify a transform value. The following snippet is an example of a transform declaration:


"Transform" : "AWS::Serverless-2016-10-31"


Transform: "AWS::Serverless-2016-10-31"